Kerry People in America

Daily Alta California- 31 May 1870
In Hollister, Monterey county, May 30th, John Maloney, late of the United States Hotel in this city, a native of the Parish of Duagh; County Kerry, Ireland, aged 45 years. [Albany (N. Y.; papers please copy.) Friends and acquaintances are respectfully invited to attend the funeral to-morrow (Wednesday), at 2.30 o’clock P. M., from his late residence, U. S. Hotel, cor. Folsom and Beale streets.

Daily Alta California- 15 July 1878
At Knockanure, County Kerry, Ireland, June .7, Cornelius O’Connor, father of Rev. C. O’Connor, of St. Peter’s Church. San Francisco.

San Francisco Call- 5 December 1891
MICHAEL DONAHUE Michael Donahue, who crossed the plains in 1849 for California and located in Sonoma Valley in the spring of 1850, died at his home at Embarcadero last night, after an illness of several months. The funeral will take place Sunday morning from St. Francis Church. Deceased was a native of County Kerry, Ireland, and was aged 65 years

Napa Register (Weekly)- 1 April 1892
DEATH: Mrs. Mary Rahilly mother of the late Mrs. Wrs. Miller, passed peacefully and quietly away from the labours of this life on March 18th, at Merced. Mrs. Rahilly was born in County Kerry, Ireland, in 1805. Had she lived a few months longer she would have attained the venerable age of 87 years. She came to Napa valley nearly 20 years ago, and has, until recently, made her home here. Mrs. Rahilly was a lady possessed of many sterling traits of character, and a host of friends in Napa valley mourn her untimely loss. Her life was a well spent one in doing good to those who had the happiness to be called her friends or relatives. She died as she lived, peacefully and quietly, and her many good deeds will be forever cherished as monuments, loving remembrances over her grave. When a life well spent, from labours free, Goes to join that host in eternity, ’Tis but a passage from this world of strife, To the happiness of eternal life.

San Francisco Call- 28 November 1892
HORAN— In this city. November 25, 1892, at his residence. 731 Folsom street, Thomas, dearly beloved husband of Margaret Horan and stepfather of John C. Casey, and father of Maurice Horan and brother-in-law of Michael Carey, a native of the parish of Duagh, County Kerry, Ireland, aged 46 years. Friends and acquaintance are respectfully Invited to attend the funeral THIS DAY (Monday at 8:30 o’clock a. m., from his late residence. 731 Folsom street, thence to St. Patrick’s Church. where a solemn requiem mass will be celebrated for the repose of his soul, commencing at 9 o’clock a. m. Interment Holy Cross Cemetery.

Sacramento Daily Union- 18 February 1899
LAKE—In this city, February 17th, Anna A. Lake, beloved mother of Mrs. W. I. Watwood and Thomas J. Lake, a native of Newtown Sauce, County Kerry, Ireland, aged 68 years. Friends and acquaintances can view the remains to-day (Saturday) from 10 a. m. to 2 p. m. at her late residence, IGI6 N street. Funeral will take place at Colfax Sunday afternoon

San Francisco Call- 21 December 1899
OAKLAND. Dec. 20).— William Abjohn died at the Receiving Hospital early this evening with only the hospital attendant, at his bedside. Death was due to pneumonia, with pleurisy and complications of Inflammatory rheumatism the result of being compelled to sleep In an old shed at the rear of his home on Broadway in Alameda. where for years he had been a familiar character. He had complained to the Alameda police of his wife’s cruelty, and although he owned property valued at several thousand dollars, he was admitted to the Receiving Hospital for treatment on permission of Supervisor Mitchell.
Yesterday Mrs. Abjohn called at the hospital to request that when her husband died he should be buried In St. Mary’s Cemetery. She announced, too. that he had requested a priest to administer the last rites and engaged an undertaker, but she did not care to see her husband. Abjohn was a native of County Kerry. Ireland, aged about 62 years, and had resided In Alameda for over 25 years working for the railroad.

Los Angeles Herald- 31 July 1903
GALWAY, July 30.—Queen Alexandra won the hearts of the Irish people today by her gracious action In an extraordinary Incident. The royal party had stopped at Recess for luncheon, when a woman hooded and manifestly of the poor class approached the queen with a petition for the remission of the remainder of a sentence of six months passed upon her husband. Inquiries proved that the man’s character Justified clemency and the queen, With the king’s permission, remitted the sentence on the spot. The surrounding crowd, learning what had occurred, cheered her majesty wildly. King Edward and Queen Alexandra continued by motor their Inspection today of some of the wildest and most picturesque regions of Ireland. The start was made at 9 o’clock from the little town of Leenane, on the shore of Killarney bay(Mistake), where the mayor, the local rector, the parish priests and a deputation representing 20,000 inhabitants of the wild Connemara mountains presented an address. The king in replying said he had already inspected some of the cottage industries and he wished to assure the inhabitants that he was greatly pleased with the spirit of Industrial activity and the warm, hearty welcome of the people, which he and the queen both would long remember. The hearty tone of his majesty’s speech was received with every evidence of appreciation. The royal party drove off in motors through the beautiful lake and mountain country, everywhere greeted loyally by the Inhabitants, many of whom Journeyed leagues across the mountains to catch sight of them. At Recess their majesties took a train for Galway and arrived here late in the afternoon. They met with an enthusiastic reception! Their majesties then boarded the royal yacht, which was lying in Galway bay. Tomorrow they will take a train for Kenmare, near which place they will be the guests of Lord Lansdowne, secretary of state for foreign affairs, at his country seat, “Dlrreen,” county Kerry.

San Francisco Call- 3 February 1904
Rev. Father William P. Kirby, the beloved rector of St. Agnes parish. Masonic avenue and Page street, passed peacefully away at his residence yesterday evening after an illness of two months. At the time of his death he was still a young man. Father Kirby was born in Listowel. County Kerry, Ireland. April 15, 1860. He spent his boyhood days in his native town, which is near the famous Lakes of Killarney, and received his early education in the little parish school.

After finishing his primary education Father Kirby attended Mount Melley Academy- When his course at that school was completed he was sent to All Hallows College, Dublin, where he graduated with honours and gained the distinction of being one of the, brightest pupils in his class. From there he went to the noted college of St. Sulpiee, Paris, to finish his education. When his course at that institution was completed Father Kirby returned to his native town, where he was ordained a priest on March 17, 1883.
Shortly thereafter he sailed for the United States and came direct to San Francisco, He was first assigned to old St. Mary’s College on the Mission road. After remaining there for several years he, was transferred to Oakland, acting as Father King’s assistant for some time. From there he went to assist Father Serda in another Oakland parish. He was next assigned to ity ? at St. Mary’s Cathedral, where he remained for a long time and became very popular with both the priests and parishioners. In 1895 the Archbishop, recognizing the ability of Father Kirby, placed him in charge of St. Agnes Church. From the time he, went, to the latter parish he made, his presence felt. He did much good in the vicinity of the park and was the most popular priest that ever had charge of the parish.
arrangements have been made for the funeral. The body will lie in state at St. Agnes Church to-day and all the prominent priests of the city will gather around the bier and pay their last respects to the departed rector.

Sacramento Union- 28 March 1907
RICE—In this city, March 26, 1907, Julia, wife of the late Peter Rice; grandmother of Mrs. Madge Williams of San Francisco, a native of County Kerry, Ireland, aged 78 years. Friends and acquaintances are respectfully invited to attend the funeral this (Thursday) afternoon at 2 o’clock, from their late residence, 230 M street, thence to St. Stephen’s church, where funeral services will be held, commencing at 2:30 o’clock. I Interment St. Joseph cemetery.——-en–20–201–txt-txIN-%22County+Kerry%22——-1

San Francisco Call- 24 June 1909
KENEALY — In Crockett/ Cal.. June 21, 1909, Patrick, dearly beloved husband of Mary Kenealy, and brother of Mrs. Mary Moore and Norah Kenealy, a native of Ballylongford. County Kerry, Ireland, aged 55 -years. The funeral will take place today, (Thursday), at 10 o’clock a. m., from the funeral parlours, of “J. C. O’Connor &. Co., 770 Turk street near Franklin, thence to St. Dominic’s church, where a solemn requiem high mass will be celebrated for the repose of his soul, commencing at 10:30 a. m. Interment Holy Cross cemetery.

Chico Record- 23 June 1909
The many friends of Maurice Collis the veteran newspaper man, will greatly regret to learn of his death, which occurred Monday night at 11:45, says the Marysville Democrat. His death was due to paralysis and was not unexpected, as “Collis” has been falling very rapidly during the last few months. Perhaps no man was better known, In Yuba and Sutter counties than was Maurice J. Collis. For many years he officiated as a reporter on both of the local dallies and during that time he made many warm friends. He was a generous, kindly man and while an ardent citizen of the United States, always had a warm spot in his heart for the dear old land of his birth. He never failed to wear the shamrock on St. I Patrick’s day. Deceased was a native of County Kerry. Ireland, having been born near Tralee. He was aged 54 years. Kelly Bros, have charge of the funeral arrangements.

Press Democrat 17 August 1909
Carnegie Library for Ireland
Pittsburg, Aug. 16. — The trustees of the Carnegie Institute received word that Andrew Carnegie has given $15,000 for the erection of a public library in Tralee, County Kerry, Ireland. This is the first time the Ironmaster has interested himself in public affairs In Ireland.

San Francisco Call- 26 April 1912
For the benefit of the Killarney cathedral, County Kerry, Ireland, an entertainment and dance will be given tomorrow night in the Knights of the Red Branch hall, 1133 Mission street. The honored guests of the occasion will be the visiting priests, Rev. Father Behan and Rev. Father Lyne. The Original Gaelic Dancing club has the details of the program in charge. Among those who will take part are: May Brosnan, May O’Connell. Eileen Keohane. May Ropers. David O’Connell, James Moriarty, Edward Courtney and, Baby Josephine Lenhart.

Sacramento Union- 4 July 1912
Special to the Union. GRASS VALLEY (Nevada Co.), July 8. —The Rev. Father James Hunt, who served as a priest for over forty years in the parishes of the Sacramento Valley, died this afternoon at the Priests’ Retreat in this city at the age of about 64 years. He had been ill for the past six months suffering with heart trouble and from nervous debility. He came to Grass Valley from Sacramento some weeks ago. Father Hunt was born in County Kerry, Ireland, about 64 years ago, and entered college in Dublin in 1866 and was ordained priest in 1871 at the age of 23 years. He was sent to California. During the past forty years he was in charge of the parishes of Red Bluff, Chico. Oroville Cherokee, Gridley, Weaverville and other towns. For a time he was chaplain at Folsom. Father Hunt was a fine scholar and an eloquent speaker. In the towns where he was stationed he became popular with all denominations and was known as an energetic priest who built churches and laboured hard and well for the spiritual welfare of his congregation.

Morning Union 2 September 1913
DUBLIN, Sept. I.—Killarney House at Killarney, County Kerry, the seat of the Earl of Kenmore, was almost completely destroyed by fire yesterday. The house, which was in the Elizabethan style, was built thirty-two years ago at a cost of $1,000,000.

San Luis Obispo Daily Telegram- 20 January 1914
Mrs. Nora Sullivan, 110, former servant to Daniel O’Connell, the famous Irish patriot, is dead in County Kerry. She is said to have used tobacco-80 years. Question: old the weed lengthen or shorten the life?

Los Angeles Herald 28 February 1916
By International News Service CHICAGO, Feb. 28.—Wilbur Glenn Voliva spoke at Zion tabernacle attacking President Wilson and praising the kaiser. A woman jumped up. She said she was from county Kerry and “agin Germany,” adding the kaiser wanted to annex the Emerald Isle. “Let the woman keep her place and she’s an angel,” said Voliva, “but let her get out of it and she’ll raise hell. You have a fair sample of it in the Chicago city hall right now.

San Diego Union and Daily Bee- 12 November 1916
Celebrates His 100th Birthday
Timothy Carmody of Aurora, who has Just celebrated his one hundredth birthday. He is the eldest white man in northern Illinois and probably in the state. He was born Nov. 4, 1816, In Monganiare, County Kerry, Ireland, and in 1858, at the age of 48, married Miss Margaret Horan, 22, In Syracuse, N. Y. seven of nine children are living. Carmody has lived In Aurora for more than sixty years. Plenty of outdoor exercise and clean living made it possible for him to reach the century mark, he says. He spends his time working in the garden, He has a three-mile walk every day and is in good health. His ambition is to live to be 110.

Los Angeles Herald, Volume XLV, Number 48, 27 December 1919
Holiday Fighting in County Kerry
By International News Service CORK, Dec. 27. —The holiday season has been marked by clashes between the police and civilian population in County Kerry. A police sergeant was badly wounded and several civilians were injured in disorders at Killarney. The police charged the crowds with drawn batons several times before order was restored.

Los Angeles Herald 4 May 1920
Sergeant is Slain Two Wounded from Ambush in Ireland
Sergeant McKenna and seriously wounded two constables near Ballylongford, County Kerry, Ireland, last night, according to dispatches from Dublin.

Napa Daily Register, Volume XCVII, Number 7, 29 November 1920
Leaves for Ireland
Rev. John T. Galvin left Sunday morning for a visit with relatives in County Kerry, Ireland. Father Galvin was accompanied as far as the Oakland mole by several of his friends.

Morning Press, 21 January 1921
DUBLIN, Jan. 20. —District Inspector Tobias O’Sullivan was found shot dead today near the Listowel barracks, County Kerry. A laborer was shot in County Queens.

San Luis Obispo Tribune (Weekly), Volume 62, Number 56, 15 February 1921
LONDON, Feb. 10. —The western part of County Kerry has been invested by crown forces. Horses have been commandeered at Tralee for cavalry. A sergeant constable was shot at Tralee for failing to stop when challenged. He stated after being shot that he had not heard the challenge. In reprisal for the wounding of a policeman at Abbeydorney, a village near Tralee, the village was raided by soldiers In the early hours this morning. The houses of the village were burned. Women were the chief sufferers. Eleven houses were burned after the occupants had been ordered out, and had fled in their night clothes, panic stricken, to the country.

Napa Daily Register, Volume XCVII, Number 102, 23 March 1921
8 WERE KILLED In Clash With Crown in County Kerry. (By United Press, Cork, March 23.—Eight Sinn Feiners were killed at Dingle, County Kerry, in a three-hour battle with crown forces. The military had been ambushed. Twenty Republicans are reported injured. Four policemen were wounded.

Calexico Chronicle, Volume XVII, Number 209, 16 April 1921
CORK, April 16.—A dozen houses were burned in county Kerry following the shooting to death of Major Mackinson yesterday.——-en–20–1–txt-txIN-%22County+Kerry%22——-1

San Luis Obispo Tribune (Weekly)- 3 March 1922
LONDON, Mar. I.—Blind for 114 years, Ellen Shanahan has just died in the Listowel (County Kerry) poorhouse. She was blind from birth and entered the poorhouse in her ninety-fourth year.

San Luis Obispo Daily Telegram 5 June 1922
LONDON, June 5., —A steamer bound from New York for Fenit, County Kerry, with corn and a mixed cargo, has been held up In Tralee Bay by a British sloop, says a dispatch to a press association from Tralee. A large quantity of ammunition in barrels was seized, the dispatch states.

Sausalito News- 15 December 1923
Mrs. Catherine Casey, mother of Patrick Casey, the celebrated California writer, passed away at her late home in San Francisco last Tuesday. Funeral services were held in St. Paul’s church in San Francisco on Thursday, with interment in Holy Cross cemetery. She was a native of County Kerry, Ireland, and the widow of the late Patrick Casey, pioneer coal dealer of San Francisco. Her son, Patrick Casey, resides on Edwards avenue.

Eagle Rock Sentinel- 23 July 1926
Patrick Cantrell, retired grocer and well known in Eagle Rock for his colourful Irish brogue and inimitable humour, has arrived home from his first return visit to the “ould sod.” Mr. Cantrell is back from Ireland, where he went late in the spring for an indefinite visit. He remained but a few weeks and upon his arrival home declared he “stayed too long.” Mr. Cantrell left his native land forty-two years ago, when a youth seventeen years old. He came to America, which he pictured as the land of the dreams of ambitious youth, and he declares he was never better satisfied with his youthful choice than now, “And I’ll never go back again,’’ he asserted. “They are a hundred years behind the times and don’t know it,” he said in his rich Irish brogue. “They haven’t any ice. They are taxed to death and are labouring under many difficulties. He reported a splendid visit with his two sisters and with friends with whom he had frolicked and worked when a youth. His visit was spent in the village of County Kerry. He visited Lake Killarney and other points and said that it rained incessantly during most of his visit. Mr. Cantrell says part of the woes of the Irish people are caused by politics. Prior to the establishment of the Irish Free State, he asserted, crown policemen patrolled the country. These, he said, have since been pensioned and Irish policeman Installed, with the result that the Irish people are paying two sets of policemen when they think they are only paying one.

Healdsburg Tribune- 17 September 1927
DUBLIN, Sept. 17 (by George McDonagh, United Press Staff Correspondent).—The perils of fog and wind that the north Atlantic holds for those who would fly westward over its restless wastes were described today by two men who turned back. With defeat inevitable, Captain R. H. Mclntosh and Commandant James Fitzmaurice reversed the course of the monoplane Princess Xenia after it had been three hours from land and escaped the fate of their daring fellow airmen who sought in vain this summer to trace an aerial path from Europe to North America. Mclntosh and Fitzmaurice hopped off from Baldonnel airfield at 1:34 p. m. yesterday for New York. Two hours later they roared over Galway bay and headed out over the Atlantic which never yet has been crossed in a nonstop flight from east to west. Then into fog and rain and headwinds—disaster was very close to the Fokker monoplane for two hours. At length, beaten, the fliers elected to abandon their argosy. They regained the Irish coast over the mouth of the River Shannon and landed at 7:30 p. m. near Ballybunion on the western coast of County Kerry. The aviators, tired and weighted with the feeling that death had been near, went to bed in a hotel. It is believed here today that no other attempt would be made from this side of the Atlantic to span the ocean this year.——-en–20–241–txt-txIN-%22County+Kerry%22——-1

By Fred C. Kelly
Signs in southern Ireland giving directions to motorists appear in Gaelic, which language the government is trying to bring back; but each line of Gaelic is accompanied by an English translation, l felt grateful for these English translations, for frankly, I’m a little rusty at Gaelic. Frequently I have gone for days at a stretch without talking any Gaelic’ at all. Almost no advertising signs are stuck along Irish roadways to mar the beauty of the country. Neither are there any hot dog or barbecue stands. (I heard,] by the way, of a man who talks of starting a little eating stand in America and not calling it a barbecue.); In these rugged hills of County Kerry, one occasionally finds a roadside business establishment of an entirely different character, to-wit, a place for the manufacture and sale of Irish tweeds. We stopped to visit with a sweet-faced old woman who sat within a few feet of the roadway at her spinning wheel. Just behind her was a small rude building containing a loom. On this was a roll of Irish tweed. She pointed out sheep on a nearby hillside from which she had obtain the wool. She was willing to sell this beautiful woollen of her own manufacture for only a trifle more than $I a yard. Inasmuch as the sheep looked like good, substantial, serviceable creatures, I bought enough of the goods for a suit. Those who make fun of me and think that I don’t know how to put on dog, as the saying is, will be astonished when they see me gaily harnessed up in my Irish tweeds with big buttons and martingales.——-en–20–321–txt-txIN-%22County+Kerry%22——-1

Colusa Herald- 18 September 1929
Sheehy Was An Early Settler In Colusa County (Contributed)
Funeral services were held Monday morning at Maxwell Catholic church for John Sheehy, who died Friday morning at his home near Maxwell. Officiating at the church were: Father McGarry of Maxwell, celebrant of the solemn requiem mass; Father James Vaughan of Cousa, deacon, and Father Patrick Grealy of Willows, sub-deacon. Choir members were: Mrs. Oswald Putman, Miss Leona Cauzza, Miss Anna Schibig and Directoress Mrs. Ella Ortner. Pall bearers: Temple Crane, W. H. Lovelace, H. Dunlap Sr., Patrick Riordan, John Rooney and George R. Houx. John Sheehy was born at Listowell, County Kerry, Ireland, on June 22nd, 1850, and married fifty years ago. He is survived by his wife, Mary, and four children: Edmond Sheehy of Chico, John J. Sheehy of Maxwell, Mrs. Frances Sullivan of Sacramento and T. J. Sheehy of Willows. Sheehy came to, and settled in the Maxwell district in 1878, living there continuously. Through all these years he had been engaged in agricultural pursuits, having amassed a comfortable, independent fortune therefrom. For many years past he had been considered an authority on sheep raising. John Sheehy was an asset to the community, and leaves a host of close, true friends.——-en–20–241–txt-txIN-%22County+Kerry%22——-1

Madera Tribune- 22 November 1930

MILWAUKEE, Nov. 22. (United Press) Colourful ceremonies, centuries old marked the enthronement here today of the Most Rev. Samuel Alphonsus Stritch as archbishop of the Milwaukee diocese. Prominent Catholic clergymen from the United States attended the services with George Cardinal Mundelein, archbishop of Chicago, acting as presiding prelate at the solemn pontifical high mass at St. John’s cathedral. The mass was sung by the Rt. Rev. Paul P. Rohde, bishop of Green Hay. The papal bull, which appointed Archbishop Stritch to the office, was read by the Rev. Geo. R. Raddant, secretary of the Milwaukee archdiocese. The new archbishop, who is 43, is the youngest of the 14 archbishops In America. He was born in Nashville. Tennessee, August I7, 1887, his father having come from County Kerry, Ireland. His mother was a Kentuck’an. Following his graduation from St. Gregory College, Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1904. he was selected to attend the American College at Rome where he studied for six years. Because of his extreme youth, a special dispensation was required when he was ordained a priest in 1910. He served as pastor of churches in Memphis and Nashville from 1910 to 1915 and in May. 1921. was made a domestic prelate and a few months later became the youngest bishop in the country, succeeding Bishop Scrembs at Toledo. He was then 34. Archbishop Stritch’s accomplishments in Toledo include the establishment of seven new parishes, the construction of a million dollar Catholic high school and the launching of the new cathedral of Our Lady, Queen of the Holy Rosary, whose lofty campanile will rise to a height of 250 feet dominating all the country around. The cathedral, costing more than $1,000,000, will be completed and dedicated during Christmas week.

Healdsburg Tribune, Enterprise and Scimitar- 14 September 1950
New Catholic School Will Open Monday, September 18 Nuns Come From All Over The World To Start First Branch of Their Order In America Here
It was revealed today by Father Michael Galvin, Pastor of St. John’s Catholic Church, that the new Catholic Elementary School will open definitely on Monday, September 18. The school, which is lodged in the former TRIBUNE Building, Fitch and Tucker Streets, is being remodelled and is nearing completion. Awaiting the finishing of their housing quarters in Healdsburg, the five nuns who will teach in the new school, are residing, presently, at the Ursuline Convent, Santa Rosa. In a special interview with the TRIBUNE, the following background information about the Sisters was revealed. The five Nuns are: Sister St. Thomas Aquinas, Mother Superior and Principal, Sister St. Regis, Sister St. Anne, Sister St. Helen and Sister Marie Noel. They belong to the Congregation known as the “Sisters of the Holy Infant Jesus” which was founded in France in the year 1662 by Rev. Father Barre. The Order, which is devoted to the teaching profession, has branches in Ireland, England, Spain, (see paper for more one nun from County Kerry)

Healdsburg Tribune, Enterprise and Scimitar- 6 June 1957
Father Gavin To Celebrate Golden Jubilee

Father Michael Galvin, who Is celebrating his Golden Jubilee this year, will offer a solemn Mass of Thanksgiving at 10:30 a. m. Sunday, June 9, at St. John’s Parish, Healdsburg. The Jubilation, former pastor of St. John’s Catholic Church, Healdsburg, will be assisted by the Rev. Joseph Wise, C. R. and Casimir Tadla, C. R., as deacon and sub-deacon, respectively. The sermon for the occasion will be preached by the Very Rev. Henry Raters, Dean of Sonoma and Mendocino counties. Father Jubilarian will be led to Church from St. John’s Parish Hall in a procession in which the Parochial school children, acolytes and clergy will take part. After the Mass all Parishioners and Friends of the Jubilarian are invited to St. John’s Hall where a reception will be held in honor of Father Galvin. The Jubilarian was born in County Kerry, Ireland, and attended St. Brendan’s Seminary, Killarney and O’Scott College, Birmingham, England. He was ordained at Westminster Cathedral, London, by Cardinal Bourne, in 1907. Father Galvin remained in London for 12 years and came to California in 1922. He was assistant pastor at St. John’s Church, Napa; St. Louis’ Church, Oakland and St. Peter’s Church, San Francisco. He served as Pastor at St. Michael’s Church, Stockton; St. John’s Church, Healdsburg and at St. Joseph’s Church, Cotati. Father Galvin retired in 1955. He is now living at St. Roses’ Church, 547 B Street, Santa Rosa.

Healdsburg Tribune, Enterprise and Scimitar 5 May 1960
Father Galvin Former Pastor Succumbs
Funeral services will be held this morning, Thursday, at 10:00 o’clock at St. Mary’s Cathedral, San Francisco, where -a Solemn Requiem Mass Coram Pontifice will be celebrated for the Rev. Michael J. Galvin, retired pastor of St. John’s Catholic Church. Father Galvin died early Tuesday morning in San Francisco. He was 77 years old, a native of County Kerry, Ireland. Ordained in 1907 at Westminster Cathedral, London, he served at the London parish for 20 years before coming to the United States in 1927. June 9, 1967, when he was already retired and living at St. Rose’s Church Rectory, Santa Rosa, as a resident priest, Father Galvin returned to Healdsburg to celebrate his Golden Jubilee of Priesthood, in solemn and touching ceremonies. (see paper for more)

Healdsburg Tribune, Enterprise and Scimitar- 14 March 1984
WOMAN OF ACHIEVEMENT – Sister Fintan McAuliffe John’s Church was recently honoured as one of 12 women of Achievement” in Sonoma County during Santa Rosa ? college’s celebration of Women’s History Week Sister Fintan native of Lixnaw, County Kerry, Ireland and entered the convent at Drishane, County Cork at the age of 21 She came with Sisters of the Holy Infant Jesus at St. John’s 34 years ago has become somewhat of a local legend

Sacramento Union, Volume 119, Number 52, 14 April 1910
Shasta County Farmer Will Have Alfalfa Tried. Special to the Union. PACHECO (Shasta Co ), April 13, — W J. B. Martin, a prominent farmer of this community has received a letter from County Kerry, his old home, acknowledging receipt of a package of potato tubers and some alfalfa, weighing four pounds, which he sent to have planted there and for results to be noted. The package arrived in County Kerry from Shasta county in less than fourteen days, and thus shows the efficiency of the postal departments of American and England.

Los Angeles Herald 29 August 1882
Reply to a Letter of an Angeleno from Ballylongford, County Kerry, Ireland.
The Irish Land League of this city having read certain reflections contained in a letter from Ballylongford, county Kerry, Ireland, find the author to be a misanthropic dyspeptic named M. Hannon who, though so long a resident of this city, left few, if any, friends behind him. Knowing him so thoroughly, we are not so much surprised at the statements therein contained, as that, after acknowledging to be hobnobbing with landlords, he should turn around on the same page and belie the persecuted tenantry, and make it appear that they are intemperate, etc., while statistics prove they are to-day the soberest nation in Europe. We would say to our generous American friends that they should rely more on the testimony of such men as Parnell, Davitt, Dillon and Egan than on the statements of him whose reputation for veracity is below zero—and who, according to his own statement, had only ” one dry day ” to investigate the distribution of the Land League funds. We repudiate the epistle as malicious and false in every particular, except as to the verdancy of the soil and of the author. (Signed.) Char. S. Parnell Land League, Los Angeles, Cal.
Morning Union, Volume 50, Number 6920, 9 May 1893
DIED. DOWNING—In Nevada city, May 6th, 1893 J. H. Downing, a native of County Kerry, Ireland, aged 70 years.

Sacramento Daily Union- 25 October 1898
DIED. FITZGERALD—In this city, October 23rd, Mary Katherine Fitzgerald, beloved wife of the late Daniel Fitzgerald, mother of Mamie, John Daniel, Kitty and Frances Fitzgerald, sister of Mrs. Jas. Pendergast and Mary Brendan (Sister of Mercy at St. Joseph’s Convent), a native of County Kerry, Ireland, aged 42 years, 10 months and 22 days.
FITZGERALD—In this city, October 25th. Daniel Joseph Fitzgerald, husband of the late Mary Katherine Fitzgerald, father of Mamie. John, Daniel, Kitty and Frances Fitzgerald, and brother of Mary Fitzgerald, a native of County Kerry, Ireland, aged 46 years, 5 months and 2 days. Friends and acquaintances are respectfully invited to attend the double funeral this morning, at 9:30 o’clock, from their late residence, Twenty-fifth and O streets; thence to St. Francis’ Church, Twenty-sixth and K, where requiem high mass will be celebrated for the repose of their souls, commencing at 10 o’clock. Interment St. Joseph’s Cemetery.

Death of Brother Lawrence. [ARTICLE]
Marin Journal 23 November 1899
… and 4 days. He was a native of Listowel County Kerry, Ireland and for many years had been a …

Press Democrat- 20 May 1902
Drowned in Killarney
London. May 19. Nine English tourists, including four women and tour boatmen, were drowned yesterday by the upsetting of a boat on the Lakes of Killarney, County Kerry, Ireland, during a squall.

Sacramento Daily Union 13 January 1888- THE BACK DOOR.
England Smuggling Paupers in by Way of Canada
New York, January 12th. — Michael Griffin an Irishman from Tralee, County Kerry, his wife and four children last night applied for shelter at the police station. To-day they stated to Superintendent Jackson, of Cattle Garden, that Agent French, representing the British Government, had furnished them with money to come to New York, via Quebec. Jackson says he has long suspected that the English authorities were sending paupers to the United States through Canada. The family were taken care of by the Charity Department.

San Francisco Call 4 September 1894
Father Kirby’s Mother Dead.
The death is announced in Listowel, County Kerry, Ireland, of Mrs. Patrick Kirby. The deceased was the mother of Rev. W. P. Kirby of St. Mary’s Cathedral, this city, Rev. Thomas Kirby of St. Francis Church. Oakland, and Sisters Augustine and De Sales of Presentation Convent.

Sacramento Daily Union 5 June 1894
The Shell Was Loaded.
London, June 4.—A party of excursionists near Tralee, County Kerry, Ireland, picked up an old shell and began rolling it along the ground. The shell exploded, killing three and wounding a dozen more.

San Francisco Call, Volume 84, Number 138, 16 October 1898
ONE of the most recently built of England’s railways may claim the proud position of being the most singular of all. This is the Brighton and Rottingdean Electric Railway, opened in 1896, and demolished by the great storm of December 4 in the same year. Since then the havoc wrought by winds and waves has been repaired and traffic resumed. The rails of this single-track railway are laid in the sea, and the singular-looking structure pictured in the group rises from the water on four steel legs, which run on wheels on the rails. Propelled by the electric current, this car, which represents the company’s whole locomotive and rolling stock, proceeds at a slow and stately glide on its four-mile
Journeys. A no less convenient than curious railway is the electric one which establishes communication between Lynton and Lynmouth on the coast of North Devon. Those two tiny towns are situated, one on the summit of a particularly tall cliff 700 feet high, and the other on the beach below. The railway climbs up this cliff almost perpendicularly. Do you know which is the highest railway In England? The Snowdon Mountain Railway occupies that proud pre-eminence. The first sod of this singular line was cut In December, 1894, and a year later it was opened. It starts from, the foot of that king of Welsh mountains at Llanberis and goes to the summit, a distance of four miles. There are six stations in all and the time taken on the journey is the not very thrilling one of an hour. If, however, the pace is not exciting: the scenery on the way Is; for, half-way up, the little train of an engine and one carriage passes a windy shoulder of the mountain between two sheer precipices. The gauge of this line is 2 feet 7% inches, and some of the gradients are 1 in 6%. From the highest railway in England to the highest in Europe Is a natural transition. This is the Rigi Railway, which carries tourists to the summit of the Rigi Kulm, 4472 feet above the sea. An Indian line, the Darjeeling-Himalayan Railway, Is one of the most remarkable in the world, and Is also the highest, its Darjeeling terminus being situated on a giddy eminence 8000 feet above the level of the plains. At many points it is possible to see the curves above and below from the train, no fewer than seven tracks being visible at one place. The sharpest curves are at a place well named “Agony Point,” where the train on two occasions almost describes a circle in its own length. One of the most striking features of a Journey up the Darjeeling-Himalayan Railway is the sharp transition from the burning heat of the plains to the cold air and the snows of this great height. There is a “single line railway” now working in Ireland. The Listowel and Ballybunion Railway sounds like the invention of some mad humourist; but such a place as Ballybunion really exists. It is a very popular seaside resort in the southwest of Ireland. The distance between this point and the other terminus at Listowel is ten miles, and there Is one intermediate station— that of Lisselton. The system on which this railway is worked is called the Lartigue Single Rail Elevated Hallway, and was the invention of a French engineer. This single-rail line, It should be explained at once, is not a single-track railway, but actually has only one rail for trains to run on. This rail is supported on iron trestle work at a height of three feet three Inches from the ground, and the locomotive and carriages are actually balance on it. There is nothing In Europe to compare with the extraordinary trestle bridges which carry American railways over the deep gullies and precipitous creeks found In many parts of the United States. They are of rough timber construction, sometimes rising to a height of 150 feet, and form a most complicated maze of timbers.——-en–20–41–txt-txIN-Listowel——-1

Sacramento Daily Union 3 July 1882
Disturbances In Ireland. Dublin, July 2d.— Disturbances occurred yesterday at Listowel, County Kerry. Mrs Moore was addressing a crowd, when the police dispersed the meeting. She subsequently addressed a mob at Railway station. The police again appearing, were attacked with stones, whereupon the Riot Act was read and the police proceeded to disperse the mob, firing revolvers. Several persons were hurt, and some arrested. The military had to be called out,

Daily Alta California, Volume 27, Number 9182, 24 May 1875
Old Age Kerry
threescore years and ten,” Judging from the following Instances of longevity : The veteran patriot, James Kissane, of Moybella, has just passed away, having attained the extraordinary age of 117? years. During the late Kerry election this old gentleman walked In from his residence to the polling booth at Listowel, a distance of five miles, and recorded his vote in favour of the Home-Rule candidate. Besides old Houlihan of Ballydonohue, and Mrs. Benson, of Listowel, have, it appears, just paid the debt of nature at the age of 104 and 103 years, while Listowel is still enlivened by the presence of old Nancy Trent of Ennismore, who, at the age of 103, walks eight miles to church every Sunday,

Sausalito News- 16 October 1891
O’CONNOR. — In Tiburon, Marin county, October 11th, William, beloved husband of Margaret O’Connor, and brother of John O’Connor and Mrs. Ellie Donleavy, a native of Talbot, County Kerry, Ireland, aged 38 years.

San Francisco Call- 3 May 1899
NEW YORK, May 2.— Peter Scanlan of Jersey City, whose reputation for voracity Is excellent, declares Aguinaldo, who is giving the Americans so much trouble in the Philippines, is the son of an Irishman. Mr. Scanlan says the Filipino leader’s right name is O’Gormelly. His father, he says, was a native of Tralee, County Kerry, who went to Hongkong, where he married a wealthy Japanese woman. He then moved to Manila. There he engaged in the grocery business and made a fortune. Aguinaldo was born in Manila, and in his youth was sent by his father to Madrid to be educated for the priesthood, but the lad objected to that calling, and told his father he wished to be a second George Washington and free his people. His father then disowned him and made a will cutting him off from any share of his property. M. Scanlan thinks it is the Irish blood in Aguinaldo that makes him such a fighter.——-en–20–201–txt-txIN-%22County+Kerry%22——-1

Colusa Daily Sun- 18 December 1900
Death of P. J. O’Connor.
At his home in Oakland, 1100 West street, Sunday morning, P. J. O’Connor, after several weeks of ill health, died. Few men were better known than he in Oakland. Besides being president of Oakland Branch, No. 485, Catholic Knights of America, Mr. O’Connor was prominent in several other semi-religious organizations. Mr. O’Connor was fifty-seven years old and a native of county Kerry, Ireland, His wife died about a year ago. Three sons and a daughter survive him. His funeral took place Tuesday from the church of St. Francis de Sales. The deceased was the father of E. L. O’Connor, manager of J. J. O’Rourke’s tailoring department.

San Francisco Call, Volume 94, Number 42, 12 July 1903
The Rev. E. P. Dempsey, assistant vicar general of St. Mary’s Cathedral, left Friday morning for an extended tour of Europe. He will visit Rome, Paris and London. He will also spend several weeks visiting his sister, Mrs. Thomas Galvan, at Listowel County. Kerry, Ireland. On his return to this continent he will make a tour of Mexico before returning to this city. He expects to be back in San Francisco in December.

Press Democrat- 6 April 1915; PIONEER DIES EASTER MORN;
Resident of Petaluma Passes Away at His Home at the Age of Eighty-five Years
John Counihan, pioneer resident of Petaluma, died at his home south of that city early Easter morning. He was born in County Kerry, Ireland, eighty-five years ago. He came to America in 1853 and settled in Massachusetts. In 1860 he came to California. He was employed near San Francisco for some time, and later went to Virginia City, Nevada, where he engaged in mining. In 1879 he returned to California. In San Francisco April 10, 1864, he married Miss Julia Herlihy, and had he lived, on next Saturday the couple would have celebrated the fifty-first anniversary of their wedding.

Sacramento Union, Volume 198, Number 44, 14 October 1917
McElligott Must Go Before Borree
Adjutant General ,J J . Borree has cited Michael .Joseph McElligott of 222 Twenty-first street to appear at his office within five days to explain why he refused to take the physical examination, when summoned to do so by the exemption board. Mr McElligott refused to appear before the local board on the ground that he is an enemy of England and would not fight with any country that was an ally of hers. McElligott is a carpenter employed by the McGillivray Construction Company of this city and on August 14 created quite a stir by his actions in the offices of exemption board .No. 1, when he became abusive to J C ,Hobrecht, a member of the board. McElligott was born in Listowel, county Kerry, Ireland, in February, I896, is unmarried and apparently physically fit for military service In the land of his adoption. Upon his refusal to take the examination he was certified to the adjutant general, with the result that he has been given five days in which to appear before that officer to explain his defiance to a national law. Failure to comply with these orders will result in his case being turned over to the authorities with instructions to arrest him as a deserter.

Healdsburg Tribune, Enterprise and Scimitar- 3 July 1919
Most Rev. Archbishop Hanna celebrated a pontifical mass in honour of the late Father Maurice Barry last Thursday morning at St. Patrick’s Church in Oakland Brief notice of Father Barry’s death was given In the Tribune of last week, which occurred at St. Mary’s Hospital in San Francisco, June 33rd, after an illness of several months. Father Barry was born at Lixnaw, County Kerry, Ireland, and had been a resident of California about twenty two years.

Mariposa Gazette, Volume XXVII, Number 25, 3 December 1881
— A party of armed men recently entered the house of a woman named Henans, near Listowel, County Kerry, for the purpose of shooting her because she had given information to the police. Her children threw themselves upon their mother in terror, and one of them received a charge of shot in the legs, The party then left the house, after making the mother swear under threats of death, not to divulge the occurrence. Six persons have been arrested under suspicion of being concerned in the outrage.

San Francisco Call- 11 November 1905
DEATH: Patrick, beloved husband of the late Johanna Wren. father of Mrs. M. J. Liddy, James J. and William Wren and the late Mrs. B. H. Scott, and brother of James R Wren, a native of Ballylongford, County Kerry, Ireland. aged 70 years.——-en–20–161–txt-txIN-%22County+Kerry%22——-1

Press Democrat- 22 June 1913
On Wednesday next Father Jeremiah Leahy, pastor of the St. Vincent’s church, Petaluma, will celebrate his silver jubilee and the many friends of the respected priest will congratulate him on the happy occasion. Father Leahy was born in County Kerry, Ireland, and was graduated from All Hallow’s college, Dublin, being ordained a priest June 24, 1888, by Bishop Moore of St. Ballarat, Australia, for the San Francisco diocese. Coming to California In the same year of his ordination. Father Leahy Immediately became assistant to the late Father James Cleary at St. Vincent’s church, Petaluma, remaining there for eleven years, when he left to accept the pastorate of St. Francis de Solano, at Sonoma. While there he built the church at Glen Ellen, and aided in the restoration of the old mission at Sonoma, now the property of the State. After nine years of service at St. Francis he was sent to Stockton as administrator to Father O’Connor of St. Mary’s church, serving there until 1911, when he was appointed pastor pro tern of the Petaluma Catholic church. In June, 1911, Father Cleary’s resignation was accepted by the bishop and Father Leahy appointed to the place. St. Vincent’s church including the parishes of the Holy Ghost chapel at Wilson district and St. Joseph’s church, Cotati, have large congregations numbering more than 2,600 parishioners, the Courier says. Father Leahy has endeared himself not only to the members of his parish but among people of all denominations. Since his last appointment Father Leahy has made Improvements to St. Vincent’s academy and is now arranging for the erection of a modern building to be occupied as the parochial residence. He intends to replace the old St. Vincent’s church with a modern up-to-date structure. That Father Leahy will be spared to enjoy many years of usefulness in his calling is the sincere wish of his numberless friends. This month the Rev. Father Cassin, rector of St. Bose’s church, Santa Rosa, also celebrated the thirty-eighth anniversary of his ordination as a priest of the Roman Catholic church. He will attend Father Leahy’s celebration In Petaluma as they are old

Press Democrat- 6 August 1915
DEATH AT MIDNIGHT OF REV. FATHER LEAHYOF PETALUMA Much Beloved Priest Dies Suddenly While on an Outing at Duncans Springs—Many Years of Labor in Sonoma County
At midnight the Rev. Father Jeremiah Leahy, beloved pastor of St. Vincent’s Roman Catholic Church, Petaluma, died at Duncan Springs, where lie went a short time since. The news of his death reached the Rev. Father Fletcher, his assistant in Petaluma, shortly after the sad occurrence, and when it becomes generally known the entire community, many friends in Santa Rosa, and his old parish, Sonoma, will be bowed in grief. The deceased priest had not been in robust health for some time. It will be remembered that he was sick unto death last November, and it was a long while before he was enabled to return to his parochial work. Father Leahy was a saintly man of splendid character and his deeds of self-sacrifice in the cause of Christ among his parishioners ever endeared himself to them. People of all creeds respected and esteemed him. His death was unexpected. Only Thursday Father Fletcher had received word that he was feeling much better in the environment of the Springs. This was his second visit there this year. Father Leahy was born in County Kerry, Ireland. He was educated and ordained In All Hallows College, Dublin, the same place in which the Rev Father Casein of this city was ordained. This was in the year 1888. That same year Father Leahy came to California and to Petaluma, (see paper for more)

Sacramento Union- 9 November 1916
Pioneer Railroad Worker Passes on Cornelius Kelliher. Resident of This City for 52 Years, Called by Death at Age of 72.
Pioneer Railroad Worker Passes on Cornelius Kelliher. Resident of This City for 52 Years, Called by Death at Age of 72.
Cornelius Kelliher, one of the oldest local employees of the Southern Pacific company in point of actual service, died at his home at 1130 P street yesterday. Kelliher was well known to the older Sacramento residents, having resided continuously in this city for the past 52 years. He was a switchman in the local yards here for many years. Besides his widow. Josephine Kelliher, the deceased is survived by one daughter. Mrs. T. Cippa, and five sons. James P„ Neal T.. Dennis, J. and E. J. Kelliher. The deceased was a native of County Kerry. Ireland. At the time of death he was 72 years of age. The funeral will be private, but mass will be offered up In the Cathedral Friday morning.

Calexico Chronicle, Volume XXII, Number 8, 22 August 1925
DUBLIN, Aug. 22.—The two great Irish wireless stations at Clifden, County Galway, and at Ballybunion, County Kerry, are being dismantled and sold in lots or broken up for scrap. Clifden, during the Irish fighting, was destroyed by the irregulars, and though compensation for the damage was made dependent on its reinstatement, the owners preferred not to reconstruct, and sold it to a Sheffield firm of iron merchants. The most conspicuous feature of the plant was four steel masts, each 325 feet in height, and each with its guy ropes weighing 100 tons. The Ballybunion station was originally erected as a possible rival of the station at Clifden and was bought over by the owners of the latter and never used. Its masts were of wood and were 525 feet high. Difficulty in disposing of it is caused by the fact that there is no transport by rail. The monorail railway connecting Ballybunion with the ‘ general railway system at Listowel has been discontinued. When constructed it was supposed that its smaller demand for space for the track would lead to its general adoption throughout Europe but it found no imitators.

San Pedro Daily News- 21 May 1927
Captain Charles Lindbergh had spanned the Atlantic with the most hazardous part of his New York Paris flight behind him. The plane was sighted by a Collier off the south Irish coast, later at Smerwick and then Dingle bay. The dispatches indicate that in leaving the Atlantic behind at Smerwick harbour he went south over the peninsula separating that harbour front Dingle bay and then altered his course slightly proceeding in a south-south-easterly direction toward Cork.

Big Pine Citizen- 15 August 1931
Pat McAuliffe, mining man, labour champion, Irish born at Listowel, County Kerry. He has poked into neatly every corner of the world and followed mining booms all over the west, At one time he was a nurse ,in the Tonopah and Goldfield mine hospital, and prior to that a jewellery salesman.

Marin Journal, Volume 39, Number 37, 23 November 1899
Death of Brother Lawrence.
Patrick B. Hogan, known as Brother Lawrence, one of the Christian Brothers who has been teaching at St. Vincent’s orphanage during the past seven or eight years, died at St. Vincent Sunday, Nov. 19, at the age of 63 years, 10 months and 4 days. He was a native of Listowel County Kerry, Ireland and for many years had been a faithful teacher in Catholic schools. A requiem mass for the repose of his soul was celebrated at St. Vincent church Wednesday morning. There was a large attendance, man} 7 priests and Christian Brothers being present from the city. Music was rendered by the choir composed of the orphan boys; interment at the Catholic cemetery.

Sacramento Union, Volume 227, Number 26073, 5 August 1922
By the Associated Press. DUBLIN, Aug. 4.—National headquarters at the Beggars’ Bush Barracks announces that national troops landed at Fenit, County Kerry, capturing the town of Tralee. They then continued to advance and seized Tarbert and Ballylongford, and are now advancing on Listowel. Early yesterday the national army captured 10 Irregulars occupying Butterstown Castle, near Waterford City, together with 19 rifles and Lewis guns. A band of Irregulars early today entered Sligo In an armoured car and exploded a bomb at the Ulster Bank, almost completely wrecking the building. No lives were lost.

Sonoma Democrat, Volume XV, Number 12, 30 December 1871
Wm Garman,
A letter addressed to the party whose name heads this notice, from Listowel, County Limerick, Ireland, remains in the Post Office at this place. The letter is addressed to the care of Mr. Thomas O’Grady, who requests us to publish this notice, hoping Mr. Garman may see it and hear something to his advantage.

Sacramento Union, Volume 219, Number 46, 15 April 1921
UIster Leader Shot, Home Is Burned
DUBLIN. April 14 (by- the Associated Press). —Sir Arthur Edward Vicars, former “Ulster king-of-arms. was shot dead this morning at Listowel and his residence was burned. A tag was attached to the body, reading; “Traitors beware. We never forget. I. R. A.”

Chico Record, Number 139, 12 June 1915
Patrick Guerin, father of Rev. Patrick Guerin of the Catholic church, died at his home near Listowel, County Kerry, Ireland, at the age of eighty years Rev. Guerin received a cablegram telling of the death, but he had not previously heard that his father was Ill.

Deaths Australia sample list

AUSTALIA DEATHS search Dec 2019

Hewson, Falkiner Minchen (1862–1926)

There passed away on the 16th June Captain Falkiner Minchen Hewson, of Highfields Station, in the Augathella district, Queensland.

He was the son of Mr. William Minchen Hewson, of Finnge House, Kerry, Ireland, and was born in 1862. Upon the completion of his education and at the age of 19 years he migrated to Australia, and gained colonial experience on Tambo Station, Queensland, under Mr. Terrick Hamilton. In 1895 he purchased Highfields, which he made his home until his death. He also had Laguna Station, Augathella, and was associated with many interests both in Brisbane and England.

Although well over the age for active service, he offered his services, and as a Captain in the Transport Division in the British Army did useful work at the front all through the war. The late Capt. Hewson married Miss Dodd, of Melbourne. His elder son, on finishing his course at Cambridge, came out to Australia and assisted his father on Highfields Station. Mrs. Hewson, their daughter, and younger son, who is still at school, are living in London at Uplands, East Sheen. Mr. Frank Hewson, who lives in Sydney, and owns Talleyrand Station, Longreach, Queensland, is a brother of the late Capt. Hewson.

Original publication- Pastoral Review, 16 September 1926, pp 805-06 (view original)

Citation details; ‘Hewson, Falkiner Minchen (1862–1926)’, Obituaries Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, accessed 2 December 2019.

Leonard, William (1831–1926)

A sportsman in the true sense of the word, Mr. William Leonard, whose death occurred at his home, Kenley, Toorak, Melbourne, on 26th February, will be sadly missed by a wide circle of friends. During his seventy odd years of residence in Australia, he has done more than most to promote and keep horse-racing clean. So far as Victoria is concerned, it is doubtful if anybody had a wider experience of the sport, not only as an owner, but also as a committee man.

Born in County Kerry, Ireland, 95 years ago, Mr. Leonard came to Australia in the early fifties, and gained his first colonial experience on the Castlemaine and Moonlight Flat diggings in Victoria. He went to Casterton in 1857, but removed to Ballarat three years later, where, in conjunction with Messrs. Hepburn and Rowe, he founded a stock and station agency business, which became favourably known throughout the Western District of Victoria. About 1870 he went to Melbourne, and made his home there, although he retained interests in the country.

Apart from the stock and station agency business, the late Mr. Leonard had direct connections with the pastoral industry. His first property of any size was Byna Station, in Riverina, which he bought in the seventies and sold some years afterwards to Young and Drysdale. Mr. Young, it may be mentioned, was the general manager of the old Australian, Mortgage, Land and Finance Company Limited of those days.

In 1881 Mr. Leonard went to southern Queensland and took up Welltown Station, then a huge unfenced cattle run, in partnership with Martin Laughlin. They held as much of Welltown as they could conveniently finance, putting it under sheep, with Duncan Sinclair, who subsequently became a partner, as manager. That the partners had ups and downs at Welltown goes without saying. The greatest disaster was in the 1890 flood, when approximately 93,000 sheep were drowned in three days. Mr. Leonard was always an admirer of Belle Vue (Tasmania) blood, and the sheep were of that strain. When the late Hon. James Gibson learned of the loss, he presented the owners with 200 ewes. Mr. Tom Muirhead delivered them to Welltown. The station still uses Belle Vue blood, and is still held by the Leonard family.

Mr. Leonard’s connection with horse-racing in Australia dates from his Casterton days. That was in 1857, and he had as contemporaries Adam Lindsay Gordon, Cuthbert Fetherstonhaugh, Robert Learmonth, John and Joseph Pearson, &c. Among the horses he owned when a young man was Woodman, who won two Australian Cups after he parted with him. He was a regular follower of the hounds at Ballarat, Geelong and Melbourne, and a fearless cross-country rider. On one occasion he rode the winner of the Ballarat Hunt Club Cup. He was not very lucky on the turf as an owner, his best win probably being the Caulfield Guineas eighteen years ago, when Master Foote carried his colours to victory.

The late Mr. Leonard was first elected to the committee of the Victoria Racing Club in 1878, and with the exception of a break in 1891, when on a visit to England, he held office until his death. For some years prior to joining the committee, he acted conjointly with the late Hurtle Fisher and Captain Standish in framing the handicaps for Flemington. On three occasions he assisted in revising the rules of racing, while the present Australian weight-for-age scale is the result of his labours.

In the middle “nineties” Mr. Leonard formed a racing partnership with the late Mr. C. M. Lloyd, of Yamma Station (N.S.W.) and the partnership successfully raced such horses as Cobbity, Antaeus, Somniloquist, and Malachite.
Original publication- Pastoral Review, 16 March 1926, p 219 (view original)

Related Entries in NCB Sites- Gordon, Adam Lindsay (acquaintance)go to Obituaries Australia entrygo to ADB entry

Citation details- ‘Leonard, William (1831–1926)’, Obituaries Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, accessed 2 December 2019.

Casey, Margaret (1832–1924)
The death occurred in St. Vincent’s Hospice, Sydney, yesterday morning, of Margaret Casey, one of the oldest residents of Orange, at the age of 92 years. A native of Limerick, Ireland, she came to Australia in 1866. She married, in America, Michael Casey, who predeceased her in 1895. She was the only sister of the late Thomas and James Dalton, and is survived by a son, Thomas Casey, of Orange and a daughter, Mother Teresa, of Mayfield Convent. Her remains will be brought to Orange for interment.
Original publication- Sydney Morning Herald, 9 September 1924, p 10 (view original)
Related Entries in NCB Sites- view family tree
Casey, Thomas Joseph (son)go to Obituaries Australia entry
Casey, James Joseph (son)go to Obituaries Australia entry
Dalton, Thomas (brother)go to Obituaries Australia entry
Dalton, James (brother)go to Obituaries Australia entry go to ADB entry
Dalton, Michael Joseph (brother)go to Obituaries Australia entry
Dalton, Margaret Mary (sister-in-law)go to Obituaries Australia entry
Dalton, James Joseph (nephew)go to Obituaries Australia entry
Dalton, John Jack (nephew)go to Obituaries Australia entry
Dalton, Thomas Joseph (nephew)go to Obituaries Australia entry
Dalton, Edward Bede (nephew)go to Obituaries Australia entry
Citation details- ‘Casey, Margaret (1832–1924)’, Obituaries Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, accessed 3 December 2019.

Harnett, Maurice (1834–1891)
Mr. Maurice Harnett, of Rosebrook, in the Cooma district, died after a brief illness last Saturday night, aged 58 years. He was interred in a private cemetery at Rosebrook on Monday. The Very Rev. Dean Slattery officiated. There was a large attendance of people from Sydney and other places. During a long residence in the Cooma district Mr. Harnett made a large circle of friends. He was born at Rose, county Limerick, Ireland, and arrived in this colony with his parents in 1833. His father settled at Rosebrook in 1840. The deceased was a nephew of the late Dr. Harnett, formerly colonial surgeon at Sydney, and brother of the present Sergeant-at-arms of the Legislative Assembly.
Original publication

Freeman’s Journal (Sydney), 1 January 1891, p 15 (view original)
Additional Resources- death notice, Sydney Morning Herald, 12 January 1891, p 1
Harnett, Mary Ann (wife)go to Obituaries Australia entry
Bland, William (education sponsored by)go to ADB entry

Citation details-‘Harnett, Maurice (1834–1891)’, Obituaries Australia, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, accessed 3 December 2019.

Creagh, Phoebe Alicia (1811–1899)
The late Mrs. Phoebe Alicia Creagh was born in Ireland in 1811, and was the daughter of Mr. George Henry Houghten, Barrister at Law, Q.C., and at an early age went over to England, and was educated there, and resided at Clifton until she arrived at the age of womanhood, when she returned to Ireland, and in 1834 married Mr. Samuel Maunsell, J.P., of Ballyrood, county Limerick, Ireland, who came to New South Wales in 1858, with his wife, three sons, and six daughters, and settled at Brimbin, Manning River, as a grazier.

In 1863, Mr. Maunsell died, and in 1865 his widow married Captain Creagh, late of H.M.’s 86th Regiment, then C. P. S. for the Manning district (and father of Mr, J. A. Creagh, now P.M., Grafton), and resided at Wingham until 1875, when she went to Sydney, and remained there until after the death of Captain Creagh in 1887. Since then Mrs. Creagh resided with her daughter, Mrs. B. Lipscomb, at Wollongong, until 1894, when she returned to the Manning with her, and remained on the river until the time of her death.
All her sons and daughters except one (who died in 1862 at Ghinni Ghinni), have been long married and settled in the various colonies. She leaves 40 grand-children, and 3 great grand-children.

The deceased lady was highly educated, and was mistress of several languages, and also an accomplished musician; she was a constant reader, and kept herself well posted up in the various social and political questions of the day, which she could discuss with great force and intelligence up to a very short time previous to her death. Her last illness was only eight days, and on Monday night last she died peacefully at her residence, Chatham, in the arms of her daughter, Mrs. Lipscomb. She was buried in the Church of England portion of the Dawson Cemetery on Wednesday last, in a grave adjoining that of her first husband, Mr. Samuel Maunsell.
Original publication
Manning River Times (NSW), 25 February 1899, p 4

Daly, Patrick (1836–1904)
Mr. Patrick Daly, for over 40 years a resident of the Clarence, died on Saturday, aged 66. Deceased was a native of County Clare, Ireland, and arrived in this State when but 11 months old, so that he was a very old colonist. For about 15 years he followed farming operations at Glenreagh, but about 18 months ago came to reside at South Grafton. He leaves a widow and nine grown up sons and daughters. Mr. J. F. Daly, of the ferry service, Woodburn, is a son. The funeral on Sunday was largely attended; Rev. Father Collins officiating.
Original publication- Clarence and Richmond Examiner (NSW), 20 December 1904, p 4

Daly, Dame Mary Dora (May) (1896–1983)

by Ellen Warne

This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 17, (MUP), 2007

Dame Mary Dora (May) Daly (1896-1983), charity worker, was born on 24 August 1896 at Cootamundra, New South Wales, eldest child of Australian-born parents Thomas Patrick MacMahon, solicitor, and his wife Mary Ellen, née O’Donnell. ‘May’ was educated at the Loreto convent at Normanhurst, Sydney, and Loreto Abbey, Ballarat, Victoria. She then worked in her father’s law firm and became active in the State division of the Australian Red Cross Society and the Voluntary Aid Detachments. Her immediate family provided formidable examples of professional success and social service: her father was an alderman of the municipal council, justice of the peace, deputy-coroner and member of the local hospital committee; several of her sisters and brothers (including John MacMahon) pursued careers in law or medicine. These family characteristics were reinforced when, at St Canice’s Church, Darlinghurst, on 3 January 1923, she married John Joseph Daly (d.1953), medical practitioner, whose family included five aunts involved in charity work in Melbourne. One of them, Mother Berchmans, was the influential founder of St Vincent’s Hospital: May’s son and daughter carried Berchmans as their second name.

Settling with her husband in Melbourne, Daly became increasingly engaged in charity work: as honorary secretary (1927-29) of the Hawthorn-Kew auxiliary for St Vincent’s Hospital; member (1930) of the executive committee of St Anne’s Hall, a hostel for girls in Carlton; and president (1927-29) of the Loreto Old Girls’ Association. To raise funds for the Loreto Kindergarten Association, she wrote and self-published a children’s book, Marie’s Birthday Party. Under her guidance as honorary president (1933-36) of the St Vincent’s Hospital committee, £1300 was raised in two years to build a new ward. ‘Zest and thoroughness are distinguishing marks of her service’, the Advocate commented, wondering how she found time ‘to engage in the exacting and multifarious range of activities which absorb her interest’. Even so, Daly assured the press, ‘my children come first’. ‘I always try to spend my mornings at home, and whatever happens I have lunch with them’. She was awarded a silver jubilee medal in 1935 and, in 1937, appointed OBE.

With the outbreak of World War II, Daly was the only woman on the executive of the Catholic Welfare Organisation, founded in 1939 by Archbishop Daniel Mannix. She became its president in 1941 as—among its many activities—the CWO established the first canteen in Melbourne for servicemen and women. ‘The Hut’, as it became known, provided food and ‘wholesome’ company to those facing ‘grave moral dangers in the somewhat hysterical wartime atmosphere’. Over all, eighteen ‘huts’ were placed in service camps across Victoria. The CWO raised £253,450 for the welfare of Australian and Allied troops, and sent over 350,000 tins to the Food for Britain Appeal and 40,000 knitted garments to the Allied forces. The organisation also worked closely with the Prisoners of War Service Bureau, co-ordinated through the Vatican, and substantially funded religious pastoral care for Catholics in active service. Daly was president until her death. In recognition of her work, she was elevated to CBE (1949) and DBE (1951); in 1952 Pope Pius XII awarded her the Papal Cross Pro Ecclesia et Pontifice (she was the first woman to be so invested by Archbishop Mannix).

Conforming to the Catholic culture of the time, Dame Mary rarely took a public stand on women’s issues, although in 1949 she had defended Catholic women who wanted smaller families, quipping that ‘it must be remembered that the holiest of all families was one in which there was only one Child’. After nursing her husband through a terminal illness she threw her energies into new causes, as fund-raiser for the Caritas Christi Hospice, first woman president (1966-75) of Australian Catholic Relief and a foundation member (president 1975-77) of the Ryder-Cheshire Foundation (Australia). She remained prominent in the Australian Red Cross Society as a member of the national council and the State executive. She also served on the State councils of the Girl Guides Association and the National Heart Foundation, as well as the Victorian Anti-Cancer Council. In 1961 she returned to writing children’s books, now in support of the Yooralla Hospital School for Crippled Children. Cinty and the Laughing Jackass—illustrated by seventeen leading artists including twelve Archibald prize winners—raised $25,000 to build a therapy pool; Timmy’s Christmas Surprise (1967) provided over $800 annually towards its maintenance; and Holidays at Hillydale (1974) generated additional funds.

According to the Herald, Daly could ‘organise people with the ease of a field marshal’—a skill evident when she chaired the hospitality committee for the International Eucharistic Congress held in Melbourne in 1973. Her final years were spent at Kew, living with her daughter. Survived by her children, Dame Mary died on 11 June 1983 at Fitzroy and was buried in Melbourne general cemetery.

Citation details- Ellen Warne, ‘Daly, Dame Mary Dora (May) (1896–1983)’, Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, published first in hardcopy 2007, accessed online 3 December 2019.
This article has been amended since its original publication. View Original
This article was first published in hardcopy in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 17, (MUP), 2007

O’Donnell, Nicholas Michael (1862–1920)
by Chris McConville; This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 11, (MUP), 1988
Nicholas Michael O’Donnell (1862-1920), Irish nationalist and Gaelic scholar, was born on 9 June 1862 at Bullengarook, Victoria, son of Michael O’Donnell, farmer, and his wife Johanna, née Barry. Showing early scholarly ability, he was sent to study at St Mary’s, West Melbourne, in 1871. Next year he returned to Gisborne with his widowed mother and brother David, but in 1876 again set out for Melbourne, to complete his schooling at St Patrick’s College and to study medicine at the University of Melbourne (M.B., 1884). On 30 December 1884 at St Francis’ Church he married Mary Anne Josephine Bruen. He established a medical practice in Victoria Street, North Melbourne, the most Irish part of the city.

O’Donnell quickly became a central figure in the West Melbourne parish and a participant in Catholic activities in the metropolis. But his greatest devotion was to the cause of Irish nationalism, a commitment first fired at university by a meeting with the ardent Irish nationalist Joseph Winter. With the establishment in 1887 of the non-sectarian Celtic Club, of which he was president in 1907-09, O’Donnell found a role in Home Rule affairs. He became the key figure in the Irish National League of Victoria and its successor in 1900, the United Irish League, their long-term president and organizer of the many visits of Irish nationalists.

From the 1890s O’Donnell promoted Irish cultural activities. Almost alone at first, he seized on the Irish cultural revival and battled to revive Gaelic while the Irish-born in Victoria were dying out. His enthusiasm kept the Gaelic League alive in Melbourne and he became one of Australia’s outstanding Gaelic scholars, writing extensively on Irish language and politics in both Gaelic and English. His collection of Irish language books is now held at Newman College, University of Melbourne. He was a keen supporter of the Melbourne Irish Pipe Band and of an Irish National Orchestra.

The Easter Rebellion of 1916 and the anti-conscription campaign undid most of O’Donnell’s lifelong efforts. O’Donnell and a few others remained loyal to John Redmond and the old guard of the Home Rule movement while younger Catholics in Melbourne clustered round Archbishop Daniel Mannix and the fervent republicanism of Sinn Fein. The ensuing campaign for Irish independence left O’Donnell stranded as the local tide of Celtic enthusiasm swept past him and speedily destroyed most of the organizations for which he had laboured. The Celtic Club, the U.I.L. and even his cherished Gaelic clubs split over the national question. In 1919 he withdrew from public Irish affairs and closed his surgery. He died of cerebral haemorrhage at his daughter’s Elsternwick home on 14 January 1920 and was buried with Catholic rites in Melbourne general cemetery. His daughter, wife of Frank Brennan, and three sons survived him.

O’Donnell was a founder and second president of the Australian Natives’ Association in North Melbourne and a councillor of the (Royal) Victorian Historical Society. The drive with which he tackled Irish questions might in different circumstances have been concentrated on these Australian activities. Despite his blindness to the changes occurring in Ireland during World War I, O’Donnell remains a towering figure in Australian Irish affairs. A staunch Catholic, he saw no reason to divorce his religion from his politics, but for the most part he strove for a non-sectarian Irish nationalism.
Select Bibliography

Victorian Historical Magazine, 8, no 29, Nov 1920, p 14
Advocate (Melbourne), 11 Dec 1915, 24 Jan 1920
Freeman’s Journal (Sydney), 22 Jan 1920
G. M. Tobin, The Sea-Divided Gael: A Study of the Irish Home Rule Movement in Victoria and New South Wales, 1880-1916 (M.A. thesis, Australian National University, 1970)
Redmond papers (National Library of Ireland).

Citation details; Chris McConville, ‘O’Donnell, Nicholas Michael (1862–1920)’, Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, published first in hardcopy 1988, accessed online 3 December 2019.

This article was first published in hardcopy in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 11, (MUP), 1988
O’Flynn, Jeremiah Francis (1788–1831)
by Vivienne Parsons
This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 2, (MUP), 1967

Jeremiah Francis O’Flynn (1788-1831), Roman Catholic priest, was born on 25 December 1788 in County Kerry, Ireland. He studied with the Franciscans at Killarney before entering a Cistercian monastery at Lulworth Abbey, Dorset, England, where he became a monk of the La Trappe reform, which had taken refuge there after its expulsion from France in 1790. In 1813 O’Flynn was ordained deacon and went with other Trappist monks to establish a mission in the West Indies. He quarrelled with the abbot but, when the mission was expelled from Martinique by the British governor, O’Flynn was allowed to remain as pastor of Santa Cruz. In April 1816 he was charged with intrusion and incompetence by Archbishop Neale of Baltimore, who held ecclesiastical jurisdiction over the Danish islands of the West Indies, and went to Rome to answer these charges. This he succeeded in doing and secured approval for an appointment to another mission in the West Indies. However, he came under the influence of Father Hayes, the representative of the Irish Catholic Association in Rome, whose brother, Michael Hayes, a convict transported to New South Wales, had urged him to secure priests for the Irish convicts in the colony. O’Flynn was persuaded to seek appointment to a mission there; he was duly securalized, authorized as prefect-apostolic to ‘Bottanibe’ and given money for his expenses. He went to Dublin in November 1816 to seek additional help from the Irish bishops, and with two other Irish priests petitioned the Colonial Office for permission to proceed to New South Wales. When no reply was received O’Flynn left for London in January 1817 to plead his case, but Bathurst refused O’Flynn’s request on the grounds of his insufficient education and poor command of English, an opinion with which Dr Poynter, the London vicar-general, concurred.

Undaunted, O’Flynn sailed in the Duke of Wellington and arrived at Sydney on 9 November 1817. He told Governor Lachlan Macquarie that he had Bathurst’s permission to serve as a priest in the colony, but since he had no proof Macquarie ordered him to leave in the same ship, feeling that he might incite the lower orders of Catholics to resist the government. By promising not to carry out his functions as a priest O’Flynn persuaded the governor to allow him to remain until he heard from London. He may have genuinely believed that his mission would be officially sanctioned, but meanwhile he did not keep his pledge, for he performed many baptisms and marriages as well as celebrating Mass secretly in private homes. Macquarie had suspected O’Flynn’s story, and when he began to hear of many converts being made to Catholicism and when the Catholic soldiers of the 48th Regiment petitioned that O’Flynn be allowed to stay, Macquarie again ordered him to leave, arrested him and placed him forcibly in the David Shaw. He sailed on 20 May 1818, though four hundred free Catholics and some leading Protestants petitioned Macquarie to allow O’Flynn to remain. When he reached London in November he again appealed to Bathurst for permission to go to New South Wales, but was again refused.

O’Flynn returned to Ireland and thence to the West Indies. He was banished from San Domingo and in 1822 arrived in Philadelphia, only to become embroiled in schism. He went to San Domingo in 1823, was again expelled and returned to Philadelphia, where in 1825 he was invited to minister to Irish Catholics in Susquehanna County. There he spent his last years and died on 8 February 1831.

Simple but impulsive, Jeremiah O’Flynn managed to conflict with authority wherever he went, yet his clash with the Colonial Office helped to publicize the needs of Catholics in New South Wales and to influence the British government in 1820 in allowing the first official Roman Catholic missionaries to be sent to Australia.
Select Bibliography

Historical Records of Australia, series 1, vol 9
P. F. Moran, History of the Catholic Church in Australasia (Syd, 1895)
E. M. O’Brien, The Dawn of Catholicism in Australia, vols 1-2 (Syd, 1928)
J. G. Murtagh, Australia: The Catholic Chapter (Syd, 1959)
K. S. Inglis, ‘Catholic Historiography in Australia’, Historical Studies, Australia and New Zealand, vol 8, no 31, Nov 1958, pp 233-53.

Citation details- Vivienne Parsons, ‘O’Flynn, Jeremiah Francis (1788–1831)’, Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, published first in hardcopy 1967, accessed online 3 December 2019.
This article was first published in hardcopy in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 2, (MUP), 1967

Mannix, Daniel (1864–1963)
by James Griffin
This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 10, (MUP), 1986
Daniel Mannix (1864-1963), Catholic archbishop, was born on 4 March 1864 at his father’s substantial tenant farm Deerpark, Charleville (Rathluirc), Cork, Ireland, son of Timothy Mannix and his wife Ellen, née Cagney. He was born in the year of the Syllabus of Errors, six years before Vatican Council I. When celebrating his last Mass on the opening day of Vatican II (11 October 1962) he drank from a gold copy of the fifteenth-century de Burgh chalice presented by his friend President de Valera of Ireland, and wore a handwoven replica of the vestments presented by the Empress of Austria to St Patrick’s College, Maynooth, and worn by the Archbishop of Dublin at Mannix’s own ordination (8 June 1890).

Synan, Mary (1837–1915)

by Naomi Turner

This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 12, (MUP), 1990

Mary Synan (1837-1915), Brigidine nun, was born on 26 January 1837 in Limerick, Ireland, daughter of John Synan, grocer and draper, and his wife Mary, née Sullivan. Of Jewish origin, the Synans had settled in Cork before moving to Limerick as farmers. At age 16, having completed her schooling at the Brigidine Convent, Mountrath, Queen’s County, Mary joined the Sisters of St Brigid (founded in 1807); two of her sisters joined the same order. She was professed on 17 January 1857, taking the religious name Mary John.

In 1882 Bishop James Murray of Maitland, New South Wales, invited the Brigidine Sisters to take charge of the school at Coonamble. A woman of vision, with leadership qualities and administrative ability, Mother John was chosen as superior of the six Sisters who had volunteered to work in Australia. They left London on 20 April 1883 in the Chimborazo and arrived in Sydney on 7 June; after a further journey by boat and coach, the Sisters reached the presbytery at Coonamble on the 21st. They took charge of the school, housed in the church and previously staffed by lay teachers, on 9 July. According to custom, the school was divided into classes for young ladies and the poor. In 1884 Mother John supervised the building of a convent, which contained a dormitory for boarders, and a school building was erected.

Named Australian provincial superior of the Brigidine Sisters in New South Wales and Victoria in 1893, Mother John became provincial superior of New South Wales next year when the Victorian Sisters formed a separate province. Under her leadership (until 1907) the Brigidines opened schools at Cooma (1887), Cowra (1894), Cundletown (1899) and Randwick, Sydney (1901), and in New Zealand at Masterton (1898), Foxton (1901) and Pahiatua (1906). The convent at Randwick became the provincial house and novitiate. Cultured and intelligent, Mother John played an important part in developing the high standard of education which characterizes the Brigidine convents. Her ‘gifts, poetical and literary, were known, in spite of all precautions, outside the convent walls’.

Strict, upright, blunt, yet with a warmth of personality, she was described as ‘a combination of Queen Victoria and Saint Thérèse of Lisieux’. Her compassion and common sense enabled her to compromise between the strictures of Irish monastic life and the different customs, needs and climate of Australia. The superior of Mount St Brigid Convent, Randwick, Mother John died on 6 March 1915 and was buried in the local cemetery.
Select Bibliography

Freeman’s Journal (Sydney), 7 Feb 1907, 11 Mar 1915
Catholic Press, 11 Mar 1915
Brigidine Sisters Archives (Brigidine convents at Mountrath, Ireland, and St Ives, Sydney).

Citation details- Naomi Turner, ‘Synan, Mary (1837–1915)’, Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, published first in hardcopy 1990, accessed online 3 December 2019.
This article was first published in hardcopy in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 12, (MUP), 1990

Sandes, Francis Percival (1876–1945)
by John Carmody
This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 11, (MUP), 1988

Francis Percival Sandes (1876-1945), surgeon, was born at Ipswich, Queensland, on 21 January 1876, son of Irish parents James Sands, police constable, and his wife Annie Jane, née Goudy. He was educated at Brisbane Grammar School and, as an exhibitioner, studied medicine at the University of Sydney (M.B., Ch.M., 1899; M.D., 1903), where he won the Slade prize for chemistry and physics (1894) and the Levey and Renwick scholarships (1895). He held several hospital appointments and graduated M.D. with first-class honours and the University medal in surgery in 1903: his thesis concerned ovarian function in the native marsupial cat. On 19 February 1902 at Molong he had married Alice May Black, a nurse.

Entering general practice, Sandes became demonstrator in anatomy at the university and (in 1907) honorary assistant surgeon at Royal Prince Alfred Hospital. He spent most of 1910 studying in Europe and Britain and set up practice in Macquarie Street upon his return in 1911. He lectured in surgery at the university from 1914 and held the McCaughey chair of surgery (1921-28). Although a part-time position it was the first surgical chair in Australia. In 1927, pending the appointment of Henry Chapman, Sandes was acting director of cancer research, and was director of cancer treatment (1928-35) in the institute founded by the university after a successful public appeal.

A councillor from 1911, he was president of the State branch of the British Medical Association in 1919-20, a director of the Australasian Medical Publishing Co. Ltd (publisher of the Medical Journal of Australia) in 1923-27, and a founder and councillor of the (Royal) Australasian College of Surgeons in 1927; in Sydney, his influence was considered a useful counterpoise to the Melbourne dominance of the college.

Opinions diverge widely about his contribution to the study and practice of surgery. His opponents held that he took the chair because, unlike the leading surgeons, he had the time for it, and asserted that his effect on the university and the profession at large was minuscule: certainly, he published very little. Even his critics conceded that he did establish the department of surgery. His admirers described him as a man with an original mind who was inclined to experiment in his procedures.

With H. M. Moran Sandes had taken an early interest in the therapeutic potential of radiation, and, ingenious at inserting radium needles, advocated the combination of surgery and radiotherapy. As early as 1925 he proposed a department of radiotherapy at R.P.A.H. Honorary consulting surgeon at that hospital from 1936, he returned during World War II at the request of (Sir) Herbert Schlink, as ‘resident consultant’. He was also medical officer to the Sydney Municipal Council in 1940-43.

Some of his behaviour must have been considered unacceptably eccentric. Sandes was a motor-cycle enthusiast all his life (and dressed appropriately, as a contemporary cartoon by Lionel Lindsay depicts). He kept a cycle in the hallway of his City Road home and used to start it there, producing a circle of oil which covered carpet, walls and ceiling. His personal warmth and charm, sense of humour, keen intellect and wide scientific knowledge were acknowledged and valued. He was considered ‘almost unrivalled as a raconteur’.

Sandes died of chronic nephritis on 16 May 1945 and was cremated with Presbyterian forms. His wife, two daughters and two sons (both serving with the Australian Imperial Force) survived him. A portrait by B. E. Minns is held by Royal Prince Alfred Hospital.
Select Bibliography
K. Maddox, Schlink of Prince Alfred (Syd, 1978)
D. Miller, A Surgeon’s Story (Syd, 1985)
Medical Journal of Australia, 21 July 1945, p 93-

Citation details- John Carmody, ‘Sandes, Francis Percival (1876–1945)’, Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, published first in hardcopy 1988, accessed online 3 December 2019.

O’Connell, Michael William (1898–1976)
by John McPhee
This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 11, (MUP), 1988
Michael William O’Connell (1898-1976), artist, was born on 7 August 1898 at Dalton, Lancashire, England, son of Patrick O’Connell, inland revenue officer, and his wife Mary Cecilia, née Macnamara, headmistress of a Roman Catholic school for girls. He was a descendant of the Irish patriot Daniel O’Connell. He began to train as a priest, a vocation he abandoned. Enlisting in 1916, he served in France, where he was taken prisoner, and at this time began to make sketches, his first artistic efforts.

O’Connell arrived in Australia in 1920, intending to go on the land, but after two days at the Wagga Wagga Agricultural Farm School, New South Wales, tried various occupations, including photography, while attempting to make a living from art. Exhibitions of his water-colours were held at the Athenaeum Gallery in Melbourne in 1921 and 1922. Settling in Melbourne, he worked at landscape gardening and the construction of concrete garden ornaments, which he exhibited with the Arts and Crafts Society of Victoria of which he was an active member and councillor.

In the early 1920s he built his own house, Barbizon, at Beaumaris. The large open-plan cruciform house, constructed with O’Connell’s home-made concrete blocks, was destroyed by a bushfire in 1947. About 1924 he met London-born Ella Moody, née Evans-Vaughan (1900-1981), an embroiderer and printmaker who was secretary of the Arts and Crafts Society of Victoria. In 1929 they visited Britain and Italy where O’Connell studied old masonry. After their return, late that year, they began to collaborate in the production of hand-printed textiles, using novel Australian-inspired designs. Michael learned the techniques of cutting and printing with linoleum blocks from Ella and throughout their partnership she did much of the work on all levels of design and production. After her divorce in February they married on 4 April 1931 in Melbourne, and visited England in 1932-33. O’Connell was then associated with Cynthia Reed and Frederick Ward in an interior decorating business in Melbourne. Through writing and radio talks he became a leading advocate of simple modern design for furnishings and interiors.

In March 1937 the O’Connells returned to England and purchased land at Perry Green, Much Hadham, Hertfordshire, where they built their house, The Chase. They continued to produce printed textiles identified as Mael Fabrics, a combination of their names and a recognition of Ella’s contribution. Soon after the birth of their son in 1943, the couple separated.

O’Connell’s fabric designs were printed by the Edinburgh Weavers and London department stores, Heal & Sons and Harrods. He also made large fabric hangings, such as the backcloth for St Martin’s Church, Manchester, which were widely exhibited.

O’Connell died on 9 December 1976 at The Chase. His textiles represent a unique aspect of the decorative arts in Australia. His work influenced and inspired both amateurs and professionals in the field of fabric-printing, and in England was central to the modernist revival of the British textile industry. He is represented in the National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, and the Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences, Sydney.
(See site for more)

Citation details- John McPhee, ‘O’Connell, Michael William (1898–1976)’, Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, published first in hardcopy 1988, accessed online 3 December 2019.
This article was first published in hardcopy in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 11, (MUP), 1988

O’Connell, Sir Maurice Charles (1768–1848)
This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 2, (MUP), 1967

Sir Maurice Charles O’Connell (1768-1848), soldier, was born in County Kerry, Ireland, the son of Charles Philip O’Connell. A penniless younger son, he appears to have been dependent on the patronage and bounty of his kinsman General Count Daniel O’Connell (1745?-1833) of the Irish Brigade in the French Army. For some time O’Connell studied in Paris for the Roman Catholic priesthood, but in 1785 his father arranged his entry to a military school. In 1792 he became a captain in the French émigré forces serving on the French frontier under the Duke of Brunswick and in October 1794, after the Irish Brigade had been reconstituted in the British Army, he was appointed captain in Count O’Connell’s 4th Regiment. After a period on half-pay he was appointed in May 1800 a captain in the 1st West India Regiment, with which he served in Surinam, Grenada and Dominica. In January 1805 he was promoted brevet major and transferred to the 5th Regiment. He saw much action in the West Indies, and particularly distinguished himself at Roseau in Dominica in February 1805 when it was unsuccessfully attacked by greatly superior French forces. For his services in Dominica he was thanked by the House of Assembly and presented with a sword worth 100 guineas, and the committee of the Patriotic Fund at Lloyds, London, gave him a sword worth £50 and plate worth £100.

Moore, James (1834–1904)
by James Griffin; This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 5, (MUP), 1974.

James Moore (1834-1904), Roman Catholic bishop, was born on 29 June 1834 at Listowel, County Kerry, Ireland, where his uncle was a priest and guided him towards the Church. After three years at a ‘classical’ school in Tralee he entered All Hallows Missionary College in 1852 but showed little aptitude for studies. Ordained a priest for Melbourne he volunteered as chaplain in the Annie Wilson. Beginning as curate of St Francis’s, he was soon promoted to parish priest because of his zeal. Ill health in 1862 led Bishop Goold to give him a roving commission to collect money for the cathedral; within six months he showed great talent for collecting funds for bluestone and mortar.

Appointed to Ballarat in 1866, Moore found too few churches for the growing population and listed his priorities as churches, schools and societies. He soon paid the debt on St Patrick’s and built the bluestone Church of St Alipius, Ballarat East. Made dean in 1869, he went in 1873 to Rome with Goold to make arrangements for a Ballarat diocese. Michael O’Connor was preferred as bishop but Moore was awarded an honorary doctorate of divinity and became vicar-general, business manager and ‘Guardian Angel’ of the diocese. He was made a monsignor in 1882 and administered the diocese after O’Connor died. At his silver jubilee in 1883 the laity honoured him with a golden chalice and the wish that he succeed to the throne. He was consecrated by Goold on 27 April 1884.

Moore was gracelessly conscious of the dignity and power of his office, more than any bishop in Australia, according to his friend Dean Goidanich. In 1875 he had bought a twelve-acre (5 ha) site near Lake Wendouree for the bishop’s palace. Quick-tempered, vigilant and ruthless he was feared by his priests. Punctilious in canonical visitations he relished confirmations as an occasion for homilies. With no pretence of oratory he told ‘practical truths’ though ‘a verbatim report of his words would not always have looked well in print’.

Moore was a resolute and fearless builder. He had briefly studied church ornament and furniture, and for St Patrick’s Cathedral he brought sumptuous equipment and decorations from all parts of Europe. Pleased to be a citizen ‘of no mean city’, he adorned it with buildings which stimulated employment and trade, including a Nazareth House for orphans and the aged, staffing it with the Poor Sisters. He raised some £300,000 from a flock of less than 35,000 and spent half of it in Ballarat. St Patrick’s was the first Catholic Cathedral in Australia cleared of debt; its consecration on 19 November 1891 was the peak of Moore’s episcopate and was attended by Cardinal Moran and the Archbishop of Wellington among others. He squeezed taxes from his priests to recruit ‘young levites’, doubling their numbers from 27 to 54, and he brought out Redemptorists and Brigidines.

Moore readily believed that secularists wanted to Protestantize state schools and in 1884 threatened to withdraw Catholics from those schools if the Bible was taught. In 1875-84 the diocese had spent £67,291 on education alone and by 1904 had 11 boarding schools, 13 high schools for both girls and boys, and 60 primary schools in 35 parishes. Moore was a sedulous Roman rather than Gallican-Irish. Liberal in public spirit he made gifts to bodies outside his Church and sat on the committees of the hospital, benevolent asylum and art gallery, finally winning praise from the Anglican bishop for ‘refraining from making public attacks upon Christian bodies outside the R.C. Church’. A diabetic, Moore died on 26 June 1904 after long illness. At his funeral the Anglican bishop was represented as well as Presbyterians and Jews.
Select Bibliography

T. W. H. Leavitt and W. D. Lilburn (eds), The Jubilee History of Victoria and Melbourne (Melb, 1888)
P. F. Moran, History of the Catholic Church in Australasia (Syd, 1895)
R. Fogarty, Catholic Education in Australia 1806-1950 (Melb, 1959)
G. Serle, The Rush to be Rich (Melb, 1971)
E. O’S. Goidanich, ‘James Moore, Bishop of Ballarat’, Austral Light (Melbourne), Aug-Oct 1904
Advocate (Melbourne), 26 Apr 1884, 2 July 1904
Ballarat Star, 28 Apr 1884, 27 June 1904
Australasian Sketcher, 2 June 1884
Ballarat Courier, 27 June 1904
Bishop Goold letters, 3 Apr 1856 (Roman Catholic Archives, Melbourne)
Bishop Geoghegan letters, 14 Oct 1858 (Roman Catholic Archives, Adelaide).

Citation details- James Griffin, ‘Moore, James (1834–1904)’, Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, published first in hardcopy 1974, accessed online 3 December 2019.
This article was first published in hardcopy in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 5, (MUP), 1974

Ronan, Mary (1904–1989)
by M. R. MacGinley- This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 18, (MUP), 2012
Mary Ronan (1904-1989), Sister of Mercy, was born on 30 October 1904 at Knockreigh, County Kerry, Ireland, daughter of Eugene Doherty, farmer, and his wife Elizabeth, née Ashe. Registered as Ellen, she was known as Eileen Francis. In 1924 she travelled with a group of forty-nine young Irish women to join the Sisters of Mercy Congregation, Brisbane. She entered the Mercy novitiate on 18 September and made her religious profession on 24 November 1927. Two of her sisters later followed her to Brisbane and also became Sisters of Mercy.

Known as Sr Mary Ronan, from January 1928 she continued her professional training under the pupil-teacher system at St Patrick’s Church School (from 1959 St Saviour’s Primary School), Toowoomba, where she was also in charge of boarders. Subsequent postings took her to Mitchell and, when further study had prepared her for secondary teaching, to Gympie. In January 1940 she transferred to the lower secondary level at All Hallows’ School, Brisbane, the principal college of her Congregation. An effective and exacting teacher, especially of mathematics, she was to remain at the school for the rest of her teaching career.

In traditional Sisters of Mercy practice, Ronan also engaged enthusiastically in visitation, calling in at the homes of pupils and of people in need, whether through poverty, illness, loneliness or personal problems. This was a regular after-school and weekend activity for classroom teachers. Ronan quickly developed a love and marked aptitude for this ministry, especially in the impoverished areas of Spring Hill and Fortitude Valley. She besought her pupils not only to pray for the ‘unfortunates’ that she met, but also to make practical contributions to relieve their hardship. Her commitment to serving those who were deprived or suffering was evident to students, fellow Sisters and an increasing network of helpers. At All Hallows’ she collected supplies of surplus uniforms and other requisites for poorer students.

When Ronan retired from teaching in 1973 she began full-time work among the poor and disadvantaged. Already well known, she became more visible on Brisbane streets and buses as she travelled around the city, seven days a week, helping people in their homes and visiting patients in hospitals and nursing homes. On her rounds she carried a jar of vegemite because it was ‘very good for helping alcoholics to dry out’ and a supply of silver and blue miraculous medals of Mary. She worked tirelessly raising funds for the Mater hospitals, St Vincent’s Orphanage at Nudgee, and the Mercy Centre at Wooloowin, which cared for disabled women. Collaborating with the ladies’ sewing group at All Hallows’, where she continued to live, she oversaw the distribution of their products.

In 1983 Ronan received a lord mayor’s Australia Day citizens’ award for her community service and in 1987 an Australia Day award. She died on 10 August 1989 in the Mater Misericordiae Public Hospital, South Brisbane, and was buried in Nudgee cemetery. At the requiem Mass in the All Hallows’ chapel there was standing room only. A fund to assist disadvantaged students at the school was named after her.
Select Bibliography

Catholic Leader (Brisbane), 12 February 1984, p 11
Catholic Leader (Brisbane), 10 September 1989, p 21
Sisters of Mercy, Brisbane Congregation, archives, Brisbane
private information

Citation details- M. R. MacGinley, ‘Ronan, Mary (1904–1989)’, Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, published first in hardcopy 2012, accessed online 3 December 2019.

This article was first published in hardcopy in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 18, (MUP), 2012

Kelliher, Richard (1910–1963)

by Richard E. Reid- This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 14, (MUP), 1996

Richard Kelliher (1910-1963), soldier and gardener, was born on 1 September 1910 at Ballybranagh, near Tralee, County Kerry, Ireland, son of Michael Kelliher, labourer, and his wife Mary Anne, née Talbot. Dick attended technical college at Tralee and worked as a mechanic in his brother’s garage. In 1929 he emigrated to Brisbane with his 15-year-old sister Norah. She later said that, although he was good natured and ‘not a very big fellow’, he ‘wouldn’t take it if anyone were nasty’. During the Depression he worked at a variety of jobs: he was sacristan at St Stephen’s Cathedral before moving to the country where he was employed as a farmhand. Sickness dogged him, and he contracted typhoid and meningitis.

Enlisting in the Australian Imperial Force on 21 February 1941, Kelliher sailed for the Middle East and was assigned to the 2nd/25th Battalion in October. He performed garrison duties in Syria and returned to Australia in March 1942. Six months later he was with his unit in Papua, helping to drive the Japanese from Ioribaiwa to Gona. Back home from January 1943, he was admitted to hospital with malaria in June. He was again sent to Papua in August. Next month he was based at Nadzab, New Guinea, whence the 2nd/25th advanced towards Lae.

On 13 September, near Heath’s plantation, Kelliher’s platoon came under heavy fire from a concealed Japanese machine-gun post. Five men were killed and three wounded, among them the section leader Corporal Billy Richards. On his own initiative, Kelliher dashed towards the post, hurled two grenades at the enemy and killed some of them, but was forced back to his own lines. Seizing a Bren-gun, he ran to within 30 yards (27 m) of the machine-gun nest and silenced it with accurate shooting. He then crawled out under enemy rifle-fire and dragged Richards to safety, probably saving his life. Kelliher was awarded the Victoria Cross.

After further spells in hospital with malaria, he was sent to Brisbane in November and posted to the 11th Australian Advanced Workshop next month. He took part in his old battalion’s march through the city on 8 August 1944 and was discharged from the A.I.F. on 20 August 1945. In 1946 he was selected in the Australian contingent for the victory parade in London. King George VI presented him with his V.C.; the Kelliher family from County Kerry attended the investiture. Kelliher returned to London in 1953 for the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II and in 1956 for the V.C. centenary celebrations. On each occasion he visited Tralee.

At Epworth Lodge, Bowen Hills, Brisbane, on 30 August 1949 Kelliher had married with Methodist forms Olive Margaret Hearn, a 19-year-old machinist. They moved to Melbourne where he worked as a gardener. He died of cerebral thrombosis on 28 January 1963 in the Repatriation General Hospital, Heidelberg, and was buried in Springvale cemetery with Catholic rites and military honours; his wife, son and two daughters survived him. Olive remarried. In 1966 she sold Kelliher’s V.C. and campaign medals to his battalion association which donated them to the Australian War Memorial, Canberra.
Select Bibliography- L. Wigmore (ed), They Dared Mightily (Canb, 1963)
Australian Women’s Weekly, 15 Jan 1944
Herald (Melbourne), 31 Jan 1963
Canberra Times, 10 Sept 1966
war diary, 2/25th Battalion (Australian War Memorial)
private information.

Citation details- Richard E. Reid, ‘Kelliher, Richard (1910–1963)’, Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, published first in hardcopy 1996, accessed online 3 December 2019.
This article was first published in hardcopy in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 14, (MUP), 1996

Government Papers Early 1800s

Petition of Thomas Carmody, 10 Pitt Street, Dublin, England, to Earl Talbot, Lord Lieutenant, Dublin Castle,

Request from Thomas Carmody for a situation of employment under Government

Petition of Thomas Carmody, 10 Pitt Street, Dublin, England, to Earl Talbot, Lord Lieutenant, Dublin Castle, requesting appointment to a government post. Provides outline of career as officer in the medical department of the army with active service in Portugal, Spain, France and Waterloo. Having been discharged ‘without any permanent remuneration’, and removed from his native place [Listowell, County Kerry], petitioner appeals for employment ‘in any of the Public Establishments of this Country’.
1 item; 3pp
DATE(S): 31 Jan 1818 DATE EARLY: 1818 DATE LATE: 1818



Lord Ennismore, Kingston House, London: for quarter sessions in Listowel, County Kerry

2 letters from William Hare, Viscount Ennismore, Kingston House, London, to Chief Secretary’s office, Dublin Castle, requesting establishment of a court of quarter sessions in Listowel, County Kerry. Emphasises difficulty of travel for resident in the neighborhood at time of sessions and mentions because of Lord Clare’s influence, Listowel amongst others was ‘struck off’ those localities entitle to hold sessions; refers also to court proceedings against a tenant. Also includes letter from D [?Hicke] to Ennismore with list of venues and dates of sessions in County Cork; also memorandum from the Circuit Office stating ‘There exists some doubt as to the power of the Lord Lieutenant and Council to change the Towns for holding Sessions under 36. G. 3’.
EXTENT: 4 items; 10pp; DATE(S): 29 May 1818-5 Jun 1818



File of papers relating to complaints made against conduct of John Church, acting magistrate of Listowel, County Kerry

File of papers relating to complaints made against John Church, acting magistrate of Listowel, County Kerry. Includes petition of inhabitants of baronies of Clanmaurice and Iraghticonnor [Irachticonnor], County Kerry, to Earl Talbot, Lord Lieutenant, Dublin Castle, concerning unlawful dues and customs levied at fairs in area, with backing of Church. Signed by Patrick Carroll, Michael Kennedy and Patrick Connor, Listowell [Listowel], 25 April 1819. Also letter from John Dalton, Listowell, to Sir Edward Baker Littlehales [Sir Edward Baker Baker], military under secretary, Dublin Castle, making charges against conduct of Church, chiefly for ‘government money he has swindled and embezzled particularly at the time he was acting as Deputy Contractor for the Mail coach road in the barony of Irraghticonnor [Irrachticonnor]’. States that ‘if you were to be possession [sic] of half this fellows Notorious conduct you would consider hanging too Trivial a punishment for him’, 5 May 1819. Also letter from Dalton to William Gregory, Under Secretary, Dublin Castle, urging Gregory to investigate the claims against Church’s conduct, 16 May 1819.
EXTENT: 11 items; 30pp; DATE(S): 25 Apr 1819-29 May 1819



Letter from Judith Molowny, County Kerry, requesting government assistance

Letter from Judith Molowny (also known as Lynch), Bromore, Listowel, County Kerry, to William Gregory, Under Secretary, Dublin Castle, requesting immediate assistance for her distress, ‘being in the last stage of pregnancy’. Expresses thanks to government for assisting her previously and bringing her from America to prosecute Mr Borough.
EXTENT: 1 item; 2pp; DATE(S): 1 Sep 1819;DATE EARLY: 1819 DATE LATE: 1819

Match 5 from ‘CSO/RP’ NAI REFERENCE:


Certificate of John Harnett Stack, County Kerry, to practice as a land surveyor

Certificate of John Harnett Stack of Listowel, County Kerry, stating that he is qualified to practice as a land surveyor. Signed by Rowley Heyland, deputy surveyor, office of surveyor general of lands, Record Tower, Dublin Castle.
EXTENT: 1 item; 1p- DATE(S): 24 Jul 1819- DATE EARLY: 1819; DATE LATE: 1819


Letter from Robert Walsh, County Kerry, concerning his complaints against John Church, magistrate
Letter from Robert Walsh [incorrectly indexed by CSO as John Walsh], Knocknighelleragh, [?possibly Knocknacaheragh], near Listowel, County Kerry, to William Gregory, Under Secretary, Dublin Castle, requesting return of a warrant sent previously in connection with his complaints against a magistrate, John Church of Listowel, 2 July 1819. Also petition of Walsh to Earl Talbot, Lord Lieutenant, Dublin Castle, requesting the same, 2 July 1819.
EXTENT: 2 items; 7pp- DATE(S): 2 Jul 1819-DATE EARLY: 1819 DATE LATE: 1819


Petition of John Mulvihill, County Kerry, requesting revenue employment
Petition of John Mulvihill, Listowel, County Kerry, out pensioner of Royal Hospital Chelsea, London, England, to the under secretary at war, [presumably intended for William Gregory, Under Secretary], Dublin Castle, requesting employment in revenue police or water guard service. Refers to his previous military service in 54th regiment of foot, 60th regiment of foot, and city of Limerick militia.
EXTENT: 1 item; 3pp- DATE(S): 29 May 1821-DATE EARLY: 1821 DATE LATE: 1821

TITLE: Petition of Michael O’Connor, County Kerry, requesting assistance to obtain employment in water guard
Petition of Michael O’Connor, Listowel, County Kerry, to William Gregory, Under Secretary, Dublin Castle, concerning his application to the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury, to be appointed to the water guard service. Requests Gregory’s interference on his behalf.
EXTENT: 1 item; 3pp-DATE(S): 9 Jun 1821;DATE EARLY:


TITLE: Letter from John Galloway, concerning loan to John Church, County Kerry

Letter from John Galloway, commissioners’ board room, Sackville [O’Connell] Street, Dublin, secretary to commissioners for assistance of trade and manufactures, to William Gregory, Under Secretary, Dublin Castle. States that the commissioners have agreed to lend £1,200 to John Church, of Listowel, County Kerry, and requests approval of Earl Talbot, Lord Lieutenant.
EXTENT: 1 item; 2pp-DATE(S): 5 Apr 1821- DATE EARLY: 1821-DATE LATE: 1821

TITLE: Petition of John Murphy, County Kerry, seeking recommendation for his application for employment in water guard
Petition of John Murphy, Listowel, County Kerry, to William Gregory, Under Secretary, Dublin Castle, stating that his case and his request to be appointed an Irish water guard, is now before the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury. Requests that Gregory make a favourable recommendation of his case to them.
EXTENT: 1 item; 2pp-DATE(S): 26 Aug 1821-DATE EARLY: 1821-DATE LATE: 1821

Match 1 from ‘CSO/RP’ NAI REFERENCE:

TITLE: File of material relating to a claim by Maurice Stack, Tarbert, County Kerry, for compensation for acting as crown witness against disaffected men
File of material relating to a claim by Maurice Stack, Tarbert, County Kerry, for compensation for acting as crown witness against disaffected men. Includes memorial from Stack to Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquis Wellesley, Lord Lieutenant, Dublin Castle, complaining of lack of response to his application for relief and seeking investigation of claim, 1 July 1824. Also includes memorial from Stack to Wellesley, complaining of inadequate compensation for labour in assisting with the prosecution of James Quin and Hugh Collins of Newtownsandes ‘for administrating Unlawful Oaths for which they had been transported for life’; makes reference to poverty of family and protests at being ‘thrown upon the World exposed to the merciless fury of an Insatiable and lawless peasantry’, 9 June 1824. Also includes letter from Mathew Barrington, crown solicitor [Munster circuit], Dublin, to William H Gregory, Under Secretary of Ireland, Dublin Castle, confirming Stack’s contribution to the prosecution of offenders and affirming past payment of £20 for services rendered; he observes Stack ‘is not entitled to further Compensation’, 10 May 1824. Also includes letter from Barrington to Gregory reporting on inquiry into Stack’s case and indicating preparedness to advance to him a sum of £20 ‘provided he quits the Country’; also returns memorial from Stack, 24 March 1823.
EXTENT: 10 items; 21pp- DATE(S): 11 Jan 1823-1 Jul 1824-DATE EARLY: 1823 DATE -LATE: 1824-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: 1824/9044.

TITLE: Letter from Richard Griffith, civil engineer, relating to road between Glin and Abbeyfeale
Letter from Richard Griffith, civil engineer, Dublin, to William Gregory, Under Secretary, relating to the improvement of the line of road between Glin and Abbeyfeale, [County Limerick], as well as the construction of additional connections to Newtownsandes [Moyvane] and Listowel [County Kerry].
EXTENT: 1 item; 2pp-DATE(S): 14 May 1829- DATE EARLY: 1829-DATE LATE: 1829

TITLE: Letters from Maj William Miller, Inspector General of Police, Fermoy, outlining his report in relation to memorials of the inhabitants of County Kerry, seeking the establishment of a police station at Newtownsandes [Moyvane]
SCOPE & CONTENT: Letter from Maj William Miller, Inspector General of Police [in Munster], Fermoy, [County Cork], to William Gregory, Under Secretary, outlining his report in relation to enclosed memorial of the inhabitants of Newtownsandes [Moyvane], County Kerry, to Hugh Percy, Lord Lieutenant, seeking the establishment of a local police station, with 14 supporting signatures. Additional letter from Miller to Francis Leveson Gower, Chief Secretary, referring to enclosed memorial of John Fitzmaurice in the Parish of Murher in the Barony of Iraghticonnor, repeating the request. [Contains list of names not given in this description]
EXTENT: 4 items; 14pp- DATE(S): Jun 1829-9 Nov 1829- DATE EARLY: 1829 DATE LATE: 1829-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: 1829/990.

Knockanure Search.

TITLE: Letter from John Church, County Kerry, concerning resolutions passed at meeting of Roman Catholic inhabitants, County Kerry
Letter from John Church, Gurtenard, Listowel, County Kerry, magistrate of County Kerry, to Chief Secretary’s Office, Dublin Castle, concerning meetings of Roman Catholic inhabitants in the area. Annexes a copy of the resolutions passed at a meeting of Roman Catholic inhabitants of the parishes of Murher and Knockanure, County Kerry, held 11 November 1821, condemning the violent disturbances in County Limerick, and expressing thanks to Thomas Staughton and Reverend Anthony Stoughton, ‘for their kind and considerate mode of dealing with us respecting our Tithes; by which one of our heavy burthens has been considerably lightened – and we sincerely regret that all other Proprietors of Tithes do not follow an example which would in a great measure tend to tranquilize the minds of the people at large’.
EXTENT: 1 item; 4pp- DATE(S): 11 Nov 1821- 12 Nov 1821-DATE EARLY: 1821-DATE LATE: 1821

Athea Search from ‘CSO/RP’ NAI REFERENCE:
TITLE: File of papers relating to claims of James O’Halloran, for money owed for assistance provided to Newcastle yeomanry corps, County Limerick

File of papers relating to claims of James O’Halloran of Banna, near Tralee, County Kerry, for money outstanding for accommodation and supplies which he provided for the Newcastle yeomanry corps, whilst they were stationed at Athea, County Limerick, in winter of 1808 and spring of 1809. Also his claims for compensation for other services to government, including his acting as witness in a crown prosecution against Timothy Mulvihill, a member of a County Limerick banditti, and the subsequent attacks on his family and property.
EXTENT: 19 items; 44pp- DATE(S): 26 Oct 1821-22 Dec 1821-DATE EARLY: 1821 DATE LATE: 1821-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: CSORP1821/404
TITLE: Letter from Major Richard Going, County Limerick, concerning claims for medical attendance on Limerick police force
SCOPE & CONTENT: Letter from Major Richard Going, Rathkeale, County Limerick, chief police magistrate for County Limerick, to William Gregory, Under Secretary, Dublin Castle, 14 February 1821, enclosing the claims of Dr Pope for medical attendance to the injured men of Going’s police force, following an affray at Athea, County Limerick; and the claim of Dr Shore, for medical attendance to the County Limerick police establishment. Also encloses letter from [John Fraunceis Fitzgerald, the 24th] Knight of Glin, concerning Dr. Pope’s claims. [none of the enclosures present]. Also memorandum from Dr Edward Trevor, medical superintendent of convicts, to the CSO, stating his opinion on the claims of each doctor, 20 February 1821.
EXTENT: 2 items; 4pp-DATE(S): 14 Feb 1821-20 Feb 1821- DATE EARLY: 1821 DATE LATE: 1821.


TITLE: File of papers concerning case of members of County Limerick police, wounded whilst on duty at Athea
SCOPE & CONTENT: File of papers concerning 3 members of the County Limerick police establishment, seriously wounded whilst on duty at Athea, County Limerick. Includes letter from Major Richard Going, Rathkeale, County Limerick, chief police magistrate for County Limerick, to William Gregory, Under Secretary, Dublin Castle, 25 March 1821, enclosing petition of the 3 men, John Twamly, John Tolson, and John Mullins, to Earl Talbot, Lord Lieutenant, requesting to be placed on government’s pension list. Petition is supported by Going, and by Edward Villiers, foreman of the grand jury of County Limerick at spring assizes 1821.
EXTENT: 4 items; 8pp- DATE(S): 5 Mar 1821-25 Mar 1821-DATE EARLY: 1821 -DATE LATE: 1821.

TITLE: Letter from Nicholas O’Connor, County Kerry, complaining of lack of remuneration for his assistance to the Limerick police
SCOPE & CONTENT: Letter from Nicholas O’Connor, Glin, near Tarbert, County Kerry, to William Gregory, Under Secretary, Dublin Castle, complaining at the refusal of Major Richard Going, chief police magistrate for County Limerick, to pay O’Connor for his work in identifying those involved, and in serving crown summonses upon witnesses, in the prosecution of persons arrested for an attack on police at Athea, County Limerick. Also letter from Major Going, Rathkeale, County Limerick, to Gregory, responding, as requested, to the claims in O’Connor’s letter, stating that he ‘never Entered into any Agreement with O’Connor’, 21 April 1821.
EXTENT: 2 items; 6pp-DATE(S): 13 Apr 1821-21 Apr 1821- DATE EARLY: 1821-DATE LATE: 1821

TITLE: Letter from Daniel Mahony, brigade major of yeomanry, reporting on fears of spread of disturbances from County Limerick into County Kerry
Letter from Major Daniel Mahony, Killarney, County Kerry, brigade major of yeomanry for counties Cork, Kerry and Waterford, to Charles Grant, Chief Secretary, Dublin Castle, reporting on the state of the country, following his tour of inspection. Refers to the fears of magistrates and ‘other respectable characters’ that the spirit of discontent which prevails in County Limerick will spread to adjoining counties. Refers to the murder of Thomas Hoskins, son of Alexander Hoskins, land agent to Lord Courtenay. Also requests ammunition for the Tarbert yeomanry corps, County Kerry, 21 August 1821. Encloses letter from Thomas William Sandes, Sallow Glen, County Kerry, to Mahony, detailing the spread of disturbances from Limerick towards County Kerry. Urges increase of police force at Athea and Abbeyfeale, County Limerick, 14 August 1821.
EXTENT: 2 items; 8pp- DATE(S): 14 Aug 1821-21 Aug 1821-DATE EARLY: 1821-DATE LATE: 1821.

TITLE: Letter from Richard Griffith, mining engineer, Royal Dublin Society House, Dublin, concerning applications for public works in County Limerick
Letter from Richard Griffith, mining engineer, Royal Dublin Society House, Dublin, to Henry Goulburn, Chief Secretary, Dublin Castle, enclosing a ‘Schedule of Applications of Public Works in the County of Limerick’ including proposal for construction of a pier at Glin, a pier on the River Deel near Askeaton, for excavation of hills on the ‘Turnpike mail coach road from Limerick by Bruff and Kilmallock to Cork’, for completion of the mail coach road from Limerick through Croom to Cork, for repair of road from Newcastle to Abbeyfeale, for a new line of road from Rathkeale to Listowel, via Ardagh and [?Athea], and an application for ‘improvements in the navigation of the River Shannon, and also recommending that a Steam Boat for towing the trade boats against adverse winds be established on Lough Dergh [Derg]’; with evaluation of each application by Griffith.
EXTENT: 2 items; 6pp-DATE(S): 27 Aug 1822-DATE EARLY: 1822-DATE LATE: 1822-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: CSORP1822/804.

TITLE: Petition of magistrates and landholders of County Limerick, requesting financial assistance for laying a road between Rathkeale, County Limerick, to Listowel, County Kerry, via Ardagh and Athea
SCOPE & CONTENT: Petition of magistrates and landholders of County Limerick, to Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquis Wellesley, Lord Lieutenant, Dublin Castle, requesting advance of financial assistance for laying a road between Rathkeale, County Limerick, to Listowel, County Kerry, via Ardagh and Athea: asserts that the benefits flowing from such an undertaking will include a shortening of the distance between Tralee and Limerick by ten miles, and the extension of law and order, civilization, markets and industry to the immediate area, signed by 23 petitioners.
EXTENT: 1 item; 3pp-DATE(S): [1822] DATE EARLY: 1822-DATE LATE: 1822-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: CSORP1822/908.


TITLE: Petition of Edward and Anne FitzGerald, County Kerry, crown witnesses, requesting further compensation
SCOPE & CONTENT: Petition of Edward FitzGerald and his wife Anne FitzGerald, Tarbert, County Kerry, to Richard Wellesley, 1st marquis Wellesley, Lord Lieutenant, Dublin Castle, renewing their request for additional compensation to cover their losses, sustained as a result of their acting as crown witnesses in the prosecution of 2 leading members of a ‘lawless’ gang in the Athea mountains, County Limerick – John Hamahan [sic] and John McMahon. Emphasises that they had to flee the neighbourhood with their young family, ‘for the protection of their Lives’.
EXTENT: 1 item; 3pp- DATE(S): [2 Oct 1823] DATE EARLY: 1823-DATE LATE: 1823-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: 1823/6703
TITLE: Letters from Thomas Philip Vokes, police magistrate, Limerick, concerning disabilities of police constable
SCOPE & CONTENT: Letter from Thomas Philip Vokes, police magistrate, Limerick, County Limerick, to William H Gregory, Under Secretary of Ireland, Dublin Castle, concerning the disabilities of police constable John Tolson, 1 July 1824. Encloses memorial from Tolson to Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquis Wellesley, Lord Lieutenant, Dublin Castle, requesting payment of a pension following an attack upon his person while acting ‘to protect persons distraining for Rent’ at Athea, in County Limerick, 24 June 1824. Also letter from Vokes to Henry Goulburn, Chief Secretary, Dublin Castle, sending ‘a return of seven useless men’ disabled in the course of police service [not present] and seeking payment of a small allowance to each, 23 September 1823. Also 2 letters from Major George Warburton, superintendent general of police for counties Galway, Clare and Roscommon, to Goulburn, conveying details of 2 men, Rowland Willes and James Tormey, who are unfit for ordinary police duties, 20; 27 September 1824. Encloses letter from Willes, Ennis, County Clare, to [Warburton] seeking assistance in carrying forward his application for a measure of financial relief from government, 18 September 1824. Also encloses memorial from James Tormey, Longford, County Longford, to Warburton, recalling the ‘severe treatment’ received in course of his duties at Mullagh, [County Clare], and appealing for some compensation, 22 September 1824.
EXTENT: 7 items; 16pp- DATE(S): 23 Sep 1823-27 Sep 1824- DATE EARLY: 1823-DATE LATE: 1824-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: 1825/10970.

TITLE: Correspondence from [Sergt] Thomas [Goold], Merrion Square, [Dublin], Richard Griffith, Dublin, and Mr Gabbett, 45 George’s Street, Limerick, referring to a proposed road from Glinn to Abbeyfeale via Athea
SCOPE & CONTENT: Correspondence from [Sergt] Thomas [Goold], Merrion Square, [Dublin], Richard Griffith, [engineer], Dublin, and Mr Gabbett, 45 George’s Street, Limerick, [County Limerick], for William Gregory, [Under Secretary, Dublin Castle], referring to a proposed road from Glinn to Abbeyfeale via Athea, the subject of memorials by the Grand Jury of Limerick and by local landowners in the Barony of Connolloe Upper [not extant]; Goold making enquiries and offering to pay expenses for a survey, but Griffith commenting that according to regulations government engineers only undertake surveys if the Grand Jury commit to making the necessary presentment which is not the case here.
EXTENT: 4 items; 13pp-DATE(S): 22 Apr 1830-28 April 1830-DATE EARLY: 1830-DATE LATE: 1830-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: 1830/614.



Three memorials by Darby Scanlon, Attay [Athea], near Listowel, [County Kerry], asking to investigate into a money order sent to him by his son John Scanlon, Greenwich, [England]

Three memorials by Darby Scanlon, Attay [Athea], near Listowel, [County Kerry], to Hugh Percy, 3rd Duke Northumberland, [Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Dublin], and to [Alexander] Mangin, [first clerk in civil department of Chief Secretary’s Office], asking to investigate into a money order sent to him by his son John Scanlon, Greenwich, [England] which the postmaster at Newcastle, [County Limerick], refused to pay. Also includes letter from [Thomas] Orde Lees, prosecretary, General Post Office, [Dublin], to William Gregory, [Under Secretary, Dublin Castle], stating that the postmaster at Newcastle was asked by Darby Scanlons’ family to refuse to pay him because he was of unsound mind; having received government’s orders he will now pay Darby. Also mentioning that John Scanlon works with John Williams, Greenwich.
EXTENT: 4 items; 16pp-DATE(S): 27 May 1830-14 Jun 1830- DATE EARLY: 1830-DATE LATE: 1830-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: 1830/892.

TITLE: Memorial of Matheas Minchan, Ennis, [County Clare], claiming that he has been wrongfully dismissed from the [Peace Preservation Police] for an alleged breach of trust.
SCOPE & CONTENT: Memorial of Matheas Minchan, pensioner of the 75th Regiment, Ennis, [County Clare], to Henry William Paget, Lord Lieutenant, claiming that he has been wrongfully dismissed from the ‘peace police’ [Peace Preservation Police] having being accused of a breach of trust in a case involving Maj Ross Lewin, Mr Blake, Rev Gleeson, Capt Vignoles which involved the arrest of a man accused of rape.
EXTENT: 1 item; 4pp-DATE(S): 6 Aug 1832-DATE EARLY: 1832-DATE LATE: 1832-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: 1832/3871.

Abbeyfeale Search.
TITLE: Petition of Michael Jones, County Limerick, requesting government assistance
SCOPE & CONTENT: Petition of Michael Jones, Abbeyfeale, County Limerick, to Earl Talbot, Lord Lieutenant, Dublin Castle, requesting government assistance. Refers to disturbed state of County Limerick, and states that his life and that of his family are in great danger, because they are the only Protestants in a Roman Catholic area. Offers to provide information to government, in return, 26 November 1821. Encloses copy of Jones’ affidavit, describing threats to his property, and naming the individuals involved, [26 November 1821].
EXTENT: 2 items; 6pp-DATE(S): 26 Nov 1821-DATE EARLY: 1821-DATE LATE: 1821-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: CSORP1821/148.

TITLE: Letter from Maurice Fitzgerald, County Kerry, concerning spread of disturbances from County Limerick to Kerry
SCOPE & CONTENT: Letter from Maurice Fitzgerald, 18th Knight of Kerry, to Chief Secretary’s Office, Dublin Castle, reporting on state of County Kerry. Concerns his fears that the disaffection in Abbeyfeale, County Limerick is spreading into Kerry. Also reports his visit to the chapel at Castleisland, County Kerry, to urge the people not to follow the example of their disaffected neighbours. Also notes that the parish priest at Castleisland ‘considers himself exposed to personal danger on account of his admonitions to his Flock’.
EXTENT: 1 item;4pp- DATE(S): 26 Oct 1821-DATE EARLY: 1821-DATE LATE: 1821.


CSO/RP/1822/295- TITLE: Letter from Richard Griffith, mining engineer, Royal Dublin Society House, Dublin, concerning applications for public works in County Limerick
SCOPE & CONTENT: Letter from Richard Griffith, mining engineer, Royal Dublin Society House, Dublin, to Henry Goulburn, Chief Secretary, Dublin Castle, enclosing a ‘Schedule of Applications of Public Works in the County of Limerick’ including proposal for construction of a pier at Glin, a pier on the River Deel near Askeaton, for excavation of hills on the ‘Turnpike mail coach road from Limerick by Bruff and Kilmallock to Cork’, for completion of the mail coach road from Limerick through Croom to Cork, for repair of road from Newcastle to Abbeyfeale, for a new line of road from Rathkeale to Listowel, via Ardagh and [?Athea], and an application for ‘improvements in the navigation of the River Shannon, and also recommending that a Steam Boat for towing the trade boats against adverse winds be established on Lough Dergh [Derg]’; with evaluation of each application by Griffith.
EXTENT: 2 items; 6pp-DATE(S): 27 Aug 1822-DATE EARLY: 1822- DATE LATE: 1822-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: CSORP1822/804.

TITLE: Eugene Casey, Abbeyfeale, County Limerick: for appointment to post of clerk or another
SCOPE & CONTENT: Petition of Eugene Casey, Abbeyfeale, County Limerick, to Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquis Wellesley, Lord Lieutenant, Dublin Castle, requesting appointment to situation as clerk or other ‘humble’ post and offering his services as provider of information to Government against local ‘rebellious Villains’: alleges ‘his House was attacked by an armed party of Rebels, who severely beat, and compeled [sic] him with his large family, to quit his property and seek military protection in this town…leaving his Stock of Cattle, Hay, Oats, Potatoes, and most excellent Mahogany Furniture, exposed to the Rebels of this Country’; adds ‘he is well aware of a late Conspiracy formed to assassinate him, being Tenant for life to this freehold property’.
EXTENT: 1 item; 4pp-DATE(S): 3 Mar 1822-DATE EARLY: 1822-DATE LATE: 1822-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: CSORP1822/1633.

TITLE: Richard Griffith, Kanturk, County Cork: report of survey of roads in counties Limerick and Cork
SCOPE & CONTENT: Letter from Richard Griffith, civil engineer, Newmarket, Kanturk, County Cork, to Henry Goulburn, Chief Secretary, Dublin Castle, reporting details of survey on roads from Abbeyfeale, County Limerick, to Newmarket, County Cork, and from Newmarket to Charleville, County Cork, and outlining range of work to be undertaken in region: stresses value of the Abbeyfeale line which ‘will pass through a wild and uncultivated district which has hitherto been a secure asylum for robbers and murderers’ and refers to meeting with Colonel Sir Hugh Gough, who encourages construction of road from Freemount to Newmarket, and ‘particularly to build a bridge over the river Alla at Freemount, to enable the troops to act on both sides of the river in times of flood’; mentions that as harvest is over the poor should be employed in public works and conveys sense of local resistance to tithe payments especially ‘from the inhabitants of the rich corn country of the lowlands’; with note on contents of same from Goulburn and extract from section of letter dealing with tithe issue, which concludes with critique of resolutions of grand juries, the cause of a misapprehension amongst the ‘deluded people’ who ‘think they will be protected by the Gentry in their opposition to Tithes’.
EXTENT: 3 items; 8pp-DATE(S): 19 Sep 1822-DATE EARLY: 1822-DATE LATE: 1822-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: CSORP1822/2350.


TITLE: Observations by Griffith on roads around counties Cork and Limerick
SCOPE & CONTENT: Letter from Richard Griffith, engineer, Newmarket, County Cork, to Henry Goulburn, Chief Secretary, Dublin Castle, requesting direction with respect to production of account and report as well as scope of subject matter reported on: comments upon quiet state of district around new road from Newmarket to Charleville but expresses less ‘confidence’ in inhabitants of northern district who ‘are miserably poor and nearly naked’; indicates that with an advance of £3,000 he could offer employment on proposed roads ‘between Abbeyfeale and Newmarket, and Castle Island and Newcastle’, County Limerick.
EXTENT: 1 item; 4pp-DATE(S): 28 Nov 1822-DATE EARLY: 1822-DATE LATE: 1822-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: CSORP1822/3420.

TITLE: File of papers relating to application of the grand jury of County Kerry, for rebuilding of the bridge at Listowel, County Kerry
SCOPE & CONTENT: File of papers relating to application of the grand jury of County Kerry at spring assizes 1823, for rebuilding of the bridge at Listowel, County Kerry. Includes letter from William Ponsonby, Tralee grand jury room, County Kerry, foreman of County Kerry grand jury, to William Gregory, Under Secretary, Dublin Castle, 25 March 1823, enclosing 2 petitions from the grand jury, to Richard Wellesley, 1st marquis Wellesley, Lord Lieutenant, Dublin Castle: one concerning the county’s application for funds to rebuild the bridge over the River Feale at Listowel, badly damaged in recent floods; the other concerning their request that the duration of time allocated for the County Kerry assizes be extended; both petitions are signed by Ponsonby. File also includes 2 letters from Richard Hare, Viscount Ennismore, Convamore, Fermoy, County Cork, to Henry Goulburn, Chief Secretary, Dublin Castle, requesting to know whether Alexander Nimmo, civil engineer, has approved the plans of Richard Griffith, civil engineer, for the new bridge at Listowel; emphasises that ‘all communication between the western part of the County of Limerick & Kerry is cut off…’ until the bridge is rebuilt; 27; 31 May 1823; Goulburn has annotated a note to Gregory, on the reverse of Ennismore’s first letter. File also includes letter from John Killaly, at Ennis, County Clare, civil engineer, to Gregory, responding, as requested, on the content of Ennismore’s letters, 7 July 1823. Also includes letter from Sir Charles William Flint, Irish Office, London, resident under secretary of the Irish Office, to Gregory, 2 August 1823; and a letter from Griffith, Abbeyfeale, County Limerick, to Goulburn, concerning his estimate for completion of a proposed road from Abbeyfeale to Listowel, 10 September 1823.
EXTENT: 10 items; 21pp- DATE(S): 25 Mar 1823-10 Sep 1823
DATE EARLY: 1823- DATE LATE: 1823-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: 1823/6357 or 1823/6358.

TITLE: File of papers concerning ordination of Henry George Hewson, and his presentation to Church of Ireland parish of Abbeyfeale, County Limerick
SCOPE & CONTENT: File of papers concerning ordination of Henry George Hewson, and his presentation to Church of Ireland parish of Abbeyfeale, County Limerick. File contains letter from Thomas Elrington, Church of Ireland Bishop of Limerick, See House, Limerick, to William Gregory, Under Secretary, Dublin Castle, concerning application from Hewson to obtain ordination, 8 April [1822]. Also letter from Hewson, Limerick, to [Chief Secretary’s Office], requesting a letter confirming his presentation to the living of Abbeyfeale, in order that he may be ordained, 10 April 1823. Also further letter from Hewson, Abbeyfeale, to Gregory, requesting presentation to the vicarage of Abbeyfeale, 5 September 1823, and enclosing his letters of priests’ orders, signed and sealed by John Jebb, Church of Ireland Bishop of Limerick, Ardfert and Aghadoe, 13 April 1823; also signed by Bryan McMahon, diocesan registrar [Jebb succeeded Elrington as Bishop of Limerick in January 1823].
EXTENT: 4 items; 7pp-DATE(S): 8 Apr [1822]-5 Sep 1823-DATE EARLY: 1822-DATE LATE: 1823-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: 1823/6628, 1822/1183.

TITLE: Petition of poor inhabitants of Newcastle and Abbeyfeale, County Limerick, complaining of delays to commencement of public works schemes
SCOPE & CONTENT: Petition of the poor and labouring classes of Newcastle and Abbeyfeale, County Limerick, to Richard Wellesley, 1st marquis Wellesley, Lord Lieutenant, Dublin Castle, emphasising their ‘distress and Misery’, from lack of employment in area. Urges commencement of public works scheme to construct a new road from Newcastle, in order to provide employment, and complains of frequent postponements to the work by Richard Griffith, civil engineer overseeing the schemes. Also complains of the ‘extravagance’ of engineers and their clerks, accusing them of ‘squandering’ the funds allocated by Wellesley for poor relief [subsequent CSO annotation indicates petition received 27 August 1823]. Also letter from Griffith, Mallow, County Cork, to Henry Goulburn, Chief Secretary, Dublin Castle, responding, as requested, to the petitioners’ complaints. States that the work has been deferred owing to ‘improper, and unexpected pecuniary demands, being made by resident tenants, for the land occupied by the road, which I could not consent to, as their Farms will be materially benefitted by the road….’.; Griffith has also made annotations beside 2 points made in the original petition.
EXTENT: 2 items; 7pp- DATE(S): [27 Aug 1823]-15 Sep 1823-DATE EARLY: 1823-DATE LATE: 1823-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: 1823/6665.

TITLE: Letter from Patrick Hayes, County Limerick, renewing request for government remuneration
SCOPE & CONTENT: Letter from Captain George Mears John Drought, Limerick city, chief police magistrate of Limerick city, to William Gregory, Under Secretary, Dublin Castle, reporting, as requested, on the subject of a petition from Patrick Hayes of Abbeyfeale, County Limerick, applying for government remuneration [Hayes’ petition not present], 14 May 1823; with subsequent pencil annotation on reverse by Gregory. Also 2 further letters from Drought, at Limerick and at Abbeyfeale, to Gregory, respecting Hayes’ claims for remuneration, 20 May; 1 June 1823. Also letter from Hayes, Abbeyfeale, to Henry Goulburn, Chief Secretary, Dublin Castle, requesting an answer to his petition of April 1823, and urging government assistance. Notes that, ‘I am still labouring under an accident which I met with in resisting one of the attacks on my house and…I have been obliged to abandon my house’, to seek military protection. Emphasises the losses he has incurred as a result of his opposition to the insurgents, 8 October 1823.
5 items; 11pp-DATE(S): 14 May 1823-8 Oct 1823- DATE EARLY: 1823-DATE LATE: 1823-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: 1823/7211.

TITLE: Petition of Patrick Hayes, Abbeyfeale, County Limerick, concerning his claim for compensation for losses against attacks of insurgents
SCOPE & CONTENT: Petition of Patrick Hayes, Abbeyfeale, County Limerick, to William H Gregory, Under Secretary of Ireland, Dublin Castle, advancing claim for losses of around £850 allegedly sustained through attacks on property due to his ‘determined resistance to the disaffected and Seditious’. Alludes to an attack by a ‘large banditti’ on a dwelling on the townland of Craig, the theft of ’16 head of Black Cattle’ and loss of crops due to intimidation of local men at harvest time. He claims to have suffered additional damage in February 1822 when ‘two houses belonging to him were leveled to the ground’ and ‘a large quantity of Hay’ was taken and ‘thrown into the river’. Complains of failure to obtain compensation from local assizes and affixes to the base copies of certificates signed by various parties in support of his application for aid for exertions against the Whiteboys.
EXTENT: 1 item; 4pp-DATE(S): 24 Jul 1824-DATE EARLY: 1824-DATE LATE: 1824-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: 1824/8685.
Names mentioned Connor, Leahy, Casey, Roche, Flynn, Collins, McCarthy, Connell, Fitzmaurice and abduction of women.

TITLE: File of papers relating to the petitions of two prisoners by the name of David Leahy, Abbeyfeale, requesting leniency
SCOPE & CONTENT: File of papers relating to the petitions of two men by the name of David Leahy, Abbeyfeale, [County Limerick], to Richard Wellesley, Lord Lieutenant, and Henry Goulburn, Chief Secretary, seeking leniency in each of their cases. Both men imprisoned in Limerick Goal; one for abducting and assaulting Miss Goold; and one for bringing a party of insurgents to burn down his house to claim compensation. Includes 2 damp press replies from William Gregory, Under Secretary, to Thomas [Philips] Vokes, [chief magistrate of police], Limerick. Also 3 petitions from either man, one containing 45 signatures. Also covering letter from Matthew Barrington, [Crown Solicitor for the Munster Circuit], to Alexander Mangin, [first clerk in civil department of Chief Secretary’s Office], confirming that it is unclear to which Leahy each of the papers refer, but stating that neither ‘are entitled to any consideration from Government’. [Contains list of names not given in this description]
EXTENT: 15 items; 32pp-DATE(S): 1824-25 Jan 1827-DATE EARLY: 1824-DATE LATE: 1827-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: 1827/99

TITLE: File of documents calling for the construction of a road between Glin, on the River Shannon to the new government road near Abbeyfeale in County Limerick
SCOPE & CONTENT: File of documents calling for the construction of a road between Glin, on the River Shannon to the new government road near Abbeyfeale in County Limerick. Includes letter from John Gabbett, 55 Dawson Street, to Francis Leveson Gower, Chief Secretary, enclosing copies of a printed memorial from the main landed proprietors of County Limerick, including the names of 53 proprietors, noting that the road would be used to transport butter and corn to the Shannon and thence to Limerick City. Also letter from Richard Griffith, Dublin, to Col Gossett, noting that the road would be an important for communication but fearing that there are no funds available to accomplish it.
EXTENT: 5 items; 7pp
DATE(S): 16 Dec 1828-DATE EARLY: 1828 DATE LATE: 1828- ORIGINAL REFERENCE: 1828/2052.


TITLE: Letter from Edmond Jones, Abbeyfeale, [County Limerick], complaining that the police has been stationed there for three years and are too familiar with the locals
SCOPE & CONTENT: Letter from Maj William Miller [Inspector General], Fermoy, [County Cork], to William Gregory, [Under Secretary, Dublin Castle], returning enclosed letter from Edmond Jones, Abbeyfeale, [County Limerick], to Hugh Percy, 3rd Duke Northumberland, [Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Dublin], complaining that the police has been stationed there for three years and are too familiar with the locals. Miller now encloses a letter from William Smith, Sub-Inspector, Rathkeale, [County Limerick], having visited Abbeyfeale with Rev Geratty and Chief Constable Percy, finding that no Edmond Jones exists there and providing an affidavit by Michael and James Jones, who also vouch for their son and brother Michael Jones on the matter; Smith also lists the five peace preservation and constabulary officers in the town.
EXTENT: 4 items; 9pp-DATE(S): 24 Oct 1830-12 Nov 1830-DATE EARLY: 1830-DATE LATE: 1830-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: 1830/10040


TITLE: File containing reports and supporting documents relating to outrages and disturbances perpetrated in the counties of Cork, Waterford and Limerick; compiled by Maj William Miller [Inspector General of Police in Munster].
SCOPE & CONTENT: File containing reports and supporting documents relating to outrages and disturbances perpetrated in the counties of Cork, Waterford and Limerick; compiled by Maj William Miller [Inspector General of Police in Munster]. Includes letter from Lieut Francis Percy, Chief Constable, Newcastle, County Limerick, to Miller, rebuffing a report of land being turned up in the vicinity of Abbeyfeale; seeking to discover the author of the original report to government, and speculating the ‘object was to get troops there’; noting, however, some turning up of ground occurred in the vicinity of Croom and Kilmallock, on the townland of Coolrus and also that of Lissurland, the latter of which was caused by ‘private malice’. Also includes letter from [Darby] Mahony, Chief Constable, Dungarvan, County Waterford, to Miller, reporting that night meetings are held by the lower orders in the vicinity of [Slievequin], also called the ‘Old Parish’; noting the object of the meetings is to withhold payment of tithe arrears due to Rev Ponsonby Carew, rector of Ardmore, for the years 1825 and 1826; remarking that bills have been filed for the recovery of same in the Court of Exchequer against 260 persons.
EXTENT: 8 items; 20pp-DATE(S): 29 Apr 1831-9 May 1831-DATE EARLY: 1831-DATE LATE: 1831-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: 1831/M63.

TITLE: Petition from Jeremiah O’Connor, [alehouse keeper], Wellesley Bridge, [post town] Abbeyfeale, County Limerick, asking for a police station to be established there.
SCOPE & CONTENT: Petition from Jeremiah O’Connor, [alehouse keeper], Wellesley Bridge, [post town] Abbeyfeale, County Limerick, to Henry William Paget, 1st Marquess Anglesey, [Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Dublin], asking for a police station to be established there, citing the great amount of crimes, including rapes and robberies, an dalso citing the murder of Honora Moore by a certain Ryan who was prosecuted. Also, letters from [HB] Brownrigg, Sub-Inspector, Tralee, [County Kerry], and from [Thomas Philips] Vokes, Chief Magistrate, Limerick, [County Limerick], pointing to the existence of a police station at Brosna, County Kerry
EXTENT: 4 items; 6pp-DATE(S): 13 Sep 1833-1 Oct 1833-DATE EARLY: 1833-DATE LATE: 1833-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: 1833/4905
Above are only a sample of the reports see on line for more.

Kennelly Search
Match 1 from ‘CSO/RP’ NAI REFERENCE:
TITLE: Papers concerning request of James Kennelly, County Kerry, to obtain loan from the commissioners for the relief of trade
SCOPE & CONTENT: Letter from James Crosbie, Ballyheigue Castle, Ballyheigue, County Kerry, to William Gregory, Under Secretary, Dublin Castle, on behalf of James Kennelly, corn merchant, of Blennerville, County Kerry, who wishes to obtain a loan of £500 from the commissioners for the relief of the trade and manufactures of Ireland, 19 October 1821. Encloses statement of Kennelly’s property interests, which is offered as security for the loan, [October 1821].
EXTENT: 2 items; 4pp-DATE(S): [Oct 1821]-19 Oct 1821-DATE EARLY: 1821-DATE LATE: 1821-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: CSORP1821/156

TITLE: Memorial of Bridget Kennelly and Bridget Kennelly [County Limerick], requesting free passage to join their convict husbands in New South Wales
SCOPE & CONTENT: Letter from Reverend George Vincent, parish of Shanagolden, County Limerick, to William H Gregory, Under Secretary of Ireland, Dublin Castle, enclosing the memorial of Bridget Kennelly and Bridget Kennelly [wives of transported convicts John and Thomas Kennelly], to Barons TB Vandeleur and Robert Torrens, lord justices of assizes on Munster circuit, requesting a grant of passage for themselves and families to New South Wales, Australia. Reproduces letter overleaf from John Kennelly and Thomas Kennelly to wives expressing desire for their company and stressing good prospects of life in the colony.
EXTENT: 2 items; 4pp-DATE(S): 29 Mar 1824-DATE EARLY: 1824-DATE LATE: 1824-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: 1824/8466.

TITLE: Petition of John Kennelly, late constable, Kenmare, [County Kerry], seeking reinstatement to the police establishment following his dismissal for making a false declaration
SCOPE & CONTENT: Petition of John Kennelly, late constable, Kenmare, [County Kerry], to Henry William Paget, Lord Lieutenant, seeking reinstatement to the police establishment following his dismissal for making a false declaration; indicating the reason for his removal was on account of his entering into a contract of marriage contrary to regulations; explaining that his period of service with the constabulary is 18 months and claiming to possess two particular qualification, ‘honesty and honour’; with certificate below signed by two magistrates of Kenmare Petty Sessions.
EXTENT: 1 item; 2pp- DATE(S): 26 May 1831-DATE EARLY: 1831-DATE LATE: 1831-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: 1831/1511.
See site for more



TITLE: Letter from Maurice Fitzmaurice, County Kerry, reporting on disturbed state of parish of Duagh
SCOPE & CONTENT: Letter from Maurice Fitzmaurice, Springmount, Listowel, County Kerry, magistrate, to William Gregory, Under Secretary, Dublin Castle, reporting on the disturbed state of parish of Duagh, County Kerry. Reports ‘several inflamatory [sic], and wicked papers’, posted on the chapel door, and unlawful meetings, 15 August 1821. Also note by CSO official, giving instruction on the content of the letter of reply to be sent to Fitzmaurice [August 1821].
EXTENT: 2 items; 4pp-DATE(S): 15 Aug 1821- [Aug 1821]-DATE EARLY: 1821-DATE LATE: 1821


TITLE: Petition of James Regan, linen weaver, Duagh parish, County Kerry, seeking charity having lost his home in a fire
SCOPE & CONTENT: Petition of James Regan, linen weaver, Derendave [Derrindaff], Duagh parish, County Kerry, care of Rev Robert Hickson, Woodford, Listowel, to Richard Wellesley, Lord Lieutenant, seeking charity having lost his home in a fire. Stating that his mother, mother-in-law and Timothy Kean were also consumed by the fire. Includes testimonial signed by nine individuals including clergy, churchwardens, magistrates and gentry. [Contains list of names not given in this description]
EXTENT: 1 item; 4pp-DATE(S): 5 Sep 1826-DATE EARLY: 1826- DATE LATE: 1826-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: 1826/15183.


TITLE: Memorial of crown witness Edward Carr, Tarbert and Duagh, seeking permission to carry firearms
SCOPE & CONTENT: Memorial of crown witness Edward Carr, previously of Tarbert and currently of Duagh, County Kerry, to William Gregory, Under Secretary, seeking permission to carry firearms and ammunition for the protection of his family and property.
EXTENT: 1 item; 2pp-DATE(S): 6 Mar 1829-DATE EARLY: 1829-DATE LATE: 1829-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: 1829/267, 1829/[14788]

TITLE: Petition of William Goold, Duagh, Listowel, County Kerry, claiming that he has been denied expenses having being bound over by the coroner to appear as a witness in a murder case.
SCOPE & CONTENT: Petition of William Goold, Duagh, Listowel, County Kerry, to Henry William Paget, Lord Lieutenant, claiming that he has been denied expenses incurred during his stay in Kerry having being bound over by James McGillicuddy, the coroner to appear as a witness in the trial of Sullivan for the murder of Maurice Shea at Listowel; noting that both Judge Moor and the crown solicitor refused his request. Also letter from Mathew Barrington, Dublin, to Sir William Gosset, [Under Secretary], noting that Goold was not examined as a witness at the trial. Also damp press copy of reply from Gosset, Dublin Castle, to Goold. Also affidavit and letter from Goold, noting that he continues to be bound to appear as a witness for the trial of two others involved in the incident.
EXTENT: 4 items; 9pp-DATE(S): 23 Mar 1832-14 Jun 1832-DATE EARLY: 1832-DATE LATE: 1832-ORIGINAL REFERENCE: 1832/1873

TITLE: File arising from a request from Rev Robert Hickson, Duagh Glebe, Listowel, [County Kerry], for assistance in the enforcement of his tithes.
Copy of letter from Edward Smith Stanley, [Chief Secretary], Dublin Castle, to Rev Robert Hickson, Duagh Glebe, Listowel, [County Kerry], responding to his request for police or military assistance with the enforcement of his tithes and serving of civil bill decrees in the parishes of Duagh and Kilcarha [Kilcaragh]. Also copy of related damp press letter from Sir William Gosset, [Under Secretary], to Maj Miller, Inspector General.
EXTENT: 3 items; 4pp- DATE(S): 15 Sep 1832-17 Sep 1832.

FOLKLORE from Schools on war

FOLKLORE Search 12 11 2019

Little Hands and the Bread Shoes

Once upon a time there lived a man with his wife and son war broke in France, and every Irish man had to go there, and this man had to go also. He wrote letters every day to his wife, and one a wire came to his wife that her husband got killed in the war. She had only one little boy, and he was only a baby. It was a slate house they had.
One day as the little boy was sleeping in his cradle, a slate fell off over the window, and a branch of ivy went in the window and it grew around the child’s. The child was about four years when he went to school. After a time the children got the “flu”, and the little boy took it, and he was very sick, and it was worse he was geting, and at last he died.
His mother kept a little red pair of shoes under her bed, and when she went up in the room the mice had them eaten, and then she took out a loaf of bread out of the bin and softened it in boiling water; and while she was softening the bread a man went in and asked a piece of bread for God’s sake. The woman said that she had bread inside, and she had a loaf in the bin.
The man who asked her was Christ at last the boy was buried, and the threw herself on the grave, and the neighbours pulled her away, and she went to bed after going home, and a few nights after her son appeared to her and said I am in the first step of heaven mother, but the bread shoes are keeping me back, and the night he came he said he was in the second step of heaven, but the bread shoes had kept him back and the next night he came he said he was in the third step of heaven but the bread shoes had kept him back, and then they took off the shoes, and he went to heaven. After a short time the boys mother died, and she went to heaven
Eileen Hannon Age 14- Informant- Mrs Ellen Foley-Age 74- Address, Mountcoal, Co. Kerry.

The Blessed Well in Kilshenane
Saint Senan was a great Kilshinane Saint. His well is situated in Kilshinane in John O’Connor’s farm. Many people pray for sore eyes or for any sore they have. If they are to be cured they will see a white trout in the water.
It is thought to be a very good well as people come from far and near to pray rounds there. We may pray rounds there any day, but there are four special days for doing so – Saint Senan’s day, the 8th March, the Saturday before the 1st of May the Saturday before Saint John’s day, and the 24th June, and the Saturday before Michalemas the 29th of September. Saint Senan’s well is surrounded by an iron railing.
There are three statues over the well placed there by one who may yet be canonized – the late Miss O’Connell, Principal teacher of Dromclough Girls’ National School. One of these is of the Blessed Virgin Mary, one of the Sacred Heart, another of the Mary of the Gael Saint Brigid. It is thought that the well sprang up suddenly one one night because of Saint Senan’s prayer.
In olden times a pattern as held there on Saint Senan’s day 8th of March Whenever there is a funeral at Kilshinane cemetry crowds of strangers go to see the well. It is thought that long ago some person took home some of the well-water to boil as an experiment but if it was down since it would not warm not alone to boil.
When people go there they bring home a bottle of the well water with hem, some people leave money there to repair the well. Miss O’Connell R.I.P. The Principal Teacher of Dromclough Girls national school get it repaired first, and got the statues over the well and the iron railing round it also.
Collector Eileen Hannon- Age 14
Informant- Mrs Bridget Flaherty- Relation grandparent- Age 74- Address, Mountcoal, Co. Kerry

The Local Landlord Long Ago

There was a time when the people had to pay rents to the landlord but the times are now changed. They evicted without pity people out of their homes who were not able to pay their rents. There were very hard on the poor people. They had the mountains around preserved for game so that no one could take out a dog to hunt except they did it unknown to them. The landlords sold the lands and then the rents was reduced to the tenants on the land. In the beginning of the great war Mr. Crosbie sold his estate.
Collector Nicholas Higgins
Address- Glenderry, Co. Kerry. Informant- John Higgins-Address- Glenderry, Co. Kerry.

Local Burnings
The Coast Guards station was built about sixty years ago. It was occupied by men of the British Navy. An Officer, chief Boats man, and five men were the strength of the building.
They were kept there in reserve. When the war broke out in the year one thousand nine hundred and fourteen, the Officers and the five men were called up to strengthen the British Navy. The chief boatsman was the only man in charge after the war, that was in the year one thousand nine hundred and eighteen. The Officers and three men returned during the Black and Tan war in Ireland. It was burned during the Anglo Irish war by the local “Sinn Fein” on the night of the fourth of May in the year one thousand nine hundred and one.
Collector Eily Godley
Informant- Michael Godley- Age 50-Address, Dromatoor, Co. Kerry.

The Church Banks
t is said that in olden times Kerry Head and Brandon formed one peninsula, but after a time the Atlantic waves forced an entrance forming the inlet now known as Ballyheigue Bay.
Old people point out many indication which seem to confirm the story.
On the eastern shore of the Bay about a mile outwards from the shore is a place called “Teampall Fé Thuinn”. This is a long line of white surf which is always visible even when the surrounding waters are quite tranquil.
Now the term ” Teamphall Fé Thuinn ” means church beneath the sea, and it is said that there is a cemetery beneath the waves of the place.
A quaint old story is told about it. It states that this was the burial place of the Cantillon family. These people did not bury their dead as the other people did. The funeral procession proceeded from the Castle and went its lonely way until it reached Mucáin na Marbh. The coffin was placed on a flag of red sand stone and left there until midnight and unseen hands took it out to the church beneath the waves called Teampall fé Thuinn.
This manner of burial continued until the son of a chieftain died. His mother was so broken hearted with grief that she could not (-) the (-) alone. She remained there until midnight then she heard a voice saying to her.
When mortal eyes our work shall spy
When mortal ears our dirge shall hear
The burial of the Cantillons is o’er.
Eily Godley-Droumature, Ballyheigue- This was told to me by
Thomas Bowler who is eighty years of age, who lives in Glenderry.

A Shipwreck

On New Year’s Day, in the year 1891 a ship was wrecked in Ballyheige Bay. It was called the Catherine Richards. At one time it was a Dutch war ship, but it was later sold to a trading Company. It was loaded with barley from South Africa bound for England.
The crew were drowned and never heard of after. It was found dry on the rocks in the morning. After a few days a merchant from Tralee named McCowens sent his men to unload the ship. The local farmers with their horses and carts were employed to take the barley to Tralee by road.
The people tried to re-float her, but did not succeed so McCowens ordered a blacksmith in the neighbourhood named Timothy Mahony to take down the masts safely for them, and for his trouble he could keep the wood of the ship. As he was doing so, an iron pully fell on the head of a man who was helping him, and unfortunately he was instantly killed.
Collector Eily Godley- Informant- Michael Godley-Age 50- Location: Glenderry, Co. Kerry.

“Gleann Scoitín.”
About two miles from the present town of Tralee there is a beautiful glen, known as Gleann Scoitín. Here is buried the famous Queen Scota, a lady who gave her name not alone to Ireland, but also to Scotland. She was the leader of Molesians and the wife of Milesius. It was in the year of the world 3500 before Christ that the Milesian colony arrived in Ireland. The inhabitants of the country prior to the Milesian invasion were the Tuatha de Dananns. The local tradition states that Tuatha de Dananns knew that the Milesians were about to invade the land, as the Kerry Druids foretold it. These Druids informed the De Dananns of the whereabouts of the Milesians, who had anchored off Tralee Bay. The tradition states that Kerry was first made invisible to the Milesians by the necromancy of the inhabitants. Yet despite such tactics the Milesians effected the landing and marched to the place where Tralee now stands.
Now at this time there was a law of war, apparently international, that war could not be declared against an unprepared people. The Tuatha De Dananns appealed to this law. They conferred that they were not prepared to resist the Milesians, having no standing army, but that if they (the Milesians) embarked and could re-land according to the rules of war, the country should be theirs. The “wise man” of the Milesians was appealed to and he decided that they should re-embark. This they did and withdrew “the distance of nine waves” from the shore. It was then that the Tuatha De Dananns brought to their help all their magical powers. No sooner had the Milesians withdrawn the required distance when a terrible storm commenced, raised by the magic arts of Tuatha De Dananns, and the Milesian fleet was completely scattered. Many of the Milesians were drowned, including the leader Milesius himself.
But his wife Scota survived, and she took over the leadership of the survivors. She led the remnant of that great fleet into Tralee bay and marched her troops across Slieve Mish. The march continued until she arrived at Glen-Scoteena, mentioned above. This glen or valley is about half a mile wide. When she arrived at the verge of the Glen, she saw the army of the Tuatha De Dananns in battle array on the opposite side. So eager was she for battle and revenge that she rode back the distance (she was seated on a beautiful white charger) of “ten lengths”, and rode madly on. Her aim was to jump the glen, but she underestimated her horse-power, and the horse tumbled into the middle of the glen, killing the gallant queen, and breaking its own neck. The Milesians having seen the wonderful courage of their queen gave battle to the Tuatha De Dananns, and defeated them. The battle is known as the battle of Slieve Mish. In the evening they returned and buried the queen in the Glen. This glen has since been called – Glen Scoteen, or Scotia’s Glen. Her grave is there to day and may be found by walking along the river which runs through the Glen, until a “meeting” is reached. A little up this little [?] may be seen and huge stone with many strange markings on it. This stone marks the resting place of the famous queen Scotia.
In the same neighbourhood is another glen called Glenofaisi, also called after another Milesian named Fas.

Informant- Liam Evans-Age 75- Blennerville.

Tomás an Ápa

The modern town of Tralee had its origin not because of any commercial dealings, loading etc. No person at present can state certainly why the town is so called. Some state that the town derives its present name from a river which runs through the town, and is called the River Lee. As regards the river itself there is dispute. Since there are two rivers, which enter the sea at a place below the present Mulgrave Bridge, no one can state definitely which is the Lee. On present maps of the County the Lee is stated to be tht which flows past the ruins of the old castle in Ballymullen, while the people of the town term the other river, which flows beneath one of the main streets, viz the Mall, as the Lee. If the town is called after this river, then the question arises as to the significance of (Traig) – Tra, i. e. in Irish – Tráig. This in English means strand. So the name of the town in the English language signifies – “the Strand by the Lee”. But to the natives of the town this sounds absurd as the Strand which is situated about a mile beyond the present village of Blennerville is never washed by the waters of the Lee. The natives of the town do not give much credence to this derivation especially if one considers that the Lee is but a large stream. It may be that the town derives its name from an unknown dweller called Lee, but all evidence to substantiate the presence of such a character is lacking.
As was stated above, the modern town did not spring up because of commerce etc., but like most of Ireland’s chief towns had its beginning in a Norman castle. This Norman castle was first built by the Desmond family and its ruins may still be seen at the North side of Ballymullen. This castle was one of the strongest in the possession of the Desmond family. As regards attack it was impregnable. Surrounded to all purposes by the River, which by some is called the Lee. Many of the districts in the vicinity of the castle are called “camps”, thus testifying to the part of the number of times the castle was attacked. The term “camp” was applied to the place where an army camped the night previous to or during the assault.
It is well known to-day that the Kerry branch of the Desmond family carried on extensive trade with the continental countries especially in wines. This fact has of late come to light in the number of old merchant legers found in Lyons in France There may be seen the amount of goods exchanged between Lyons and the Port of Tralee. Evidence of such trade is also to be found in the local tradition of the town. As there exists a story which proves that the Desmond family imported other goods in addition to wines.
One cold winter night when the Desmond family were celebrating a feast in the castle the fire broke out. All rushed from the castle into the adjoining courtyard. Soon the castle was enveloped in flames. Consternation spread amondst the onlookers when it was discovered that they had forgotten to bring out a baby-boy, who was asleep in his cradle in the top storey. The anguished parents looked on as flames reached and enveloped the upper part of the castle. Suddenly to the surprise and delight of all, a huge Ape, the favourite-pet of the family was seen to appear on the top parapet bearing in his strong claws the sleeping child. The ape leaped from parapet to parapet, and finally reached the ground, thus saving the life of the child. This child later became owner of the castle, and became known to history as the famous Tomás an Ápa, – Thomas of the Ape. His history, life and death is to be found in any good text-book of Irish History, but why he got his name is not to be found there, but in the local tradition of the town.
Informant- Mary O’ Brien-Age 93.
Location: Blennerville, Co. Kerry- Teacher: Ml. Ó Scannaill.

The Great Flu

In the year nineteen eighteen a great sickness spread through this country. At first people thought it was a cold and they took it carelessly. After some time’ when doctors came to visit patients they called it flu.
At that time the Great War was on and people said it was a plague after the war that started in foreign countries and was brought into this country by Irish soldiers serving over seas. I heard my father say that he often attended four and five funerals in the day. The cures Doctors ordered were spring water and whiskey. No food of any kind was to be taken.

Collector- Maurice Walsh-Address Knockreagh, Co. Kerry
Informant- Dan Walsh-Address- Knockreagh, Co. Kerry.

A Local Story

13th June 1938
The following story was told to me by James Ahern the other night.
About twenty years ago there lived a man named John Scanlon. He used be out late every night. One night when he was coming home he saw a woman standing against a rick of turf. He passed on and said nothing.
The next night the woman was in the same place again. The man took up a stone and he threw it at her. Then she threw a sod of turf at him. They were throwing sods at each other and in the finish the man had to run.
Another night the man was coming from Tarbert to Ballylongford on horseback and he met the same woman. She started to throw stones at him and he made the horse go as fast as he could. The woman said that if he escaped her he would escape many battles. After a while he escaped from her. When he arrived in Ballylongford the people were in bed. He had to get a drink for the horse as he was covered with foam.
When the Great War broke out all men had to go out and fight and amongst them went Scanlon. Scanlon went through a war and after a while he came home. Then he saw that the ghost’s words were true. He is living yet but he is now an old man.
Informant- James Ahern, Ballylongford.

On this page
The Rose of Tralee
“The Rose of Tralee” was written in Cork over ninety years ago. It is sung to a very melodious air and the song is very popular particularly in Kerry. It is supposed to have been written by Maurice Musgrave son of Sir Edwin Musgrave of “Musgrave House” Tralee. Sir Edwin belonged to the class of landlords, unfortunately too numerous at that time. He was an “absentee” and spent most of his time in England with Maurice’s stepmother, living among the English Society. Maurice remained in Ireland under the care of an old faithful Irish nurse.
In a small ivy-covered cottage near the Musgrave mansion, dwelt the beautiful dark haired Mary O’Carroll known to most of her neighbours as the “Rose”. This Mary O’Carroll had been Maurice’s playmate and companion since babyhood.
When Maurice was nearing his twenty-first birthday he received a letter from his father, inviting him to London and announcing that it was his intention to give his long neglected son the benefit of an English University education. Maurice wrote in reply a frank boyish letter, stating that he thought his education was sufficient for his needs and was just as complete as any of the young English gentlemen he had met.
Sir Edwin then came to Ireland on an unexpected visit and was very angry to find his son deep in conversation with Mary O’Carroll the daughter of one of his tenants. Maurice took his father quite coldly and this maddened Sir Edwin and he left “Musgrave House” that night for England. He then had Maurice made lieutenant in the English Army and shortly afterwards he was transported to India.
When the list of the casualties became known in Tralee the name of Maurice Musgrave was mentioned as having lost the sight of both eyes. When Mary O’Carroll heard this it saddened her very much and she began to pine away. She died suddenly a month later and although the coroner verdict stated that death was due to heart failure, the people of Tralee maintained that she died of a broken heart.
When Maurice reached Tralee after the war and heard of Mary’s death he became insane. He was taken to a private lunatic assylum in Cork and shortly afterwards became sane and was still detained there. He spent most of his time composing a song. His father came to visit him and hearing of the song he wished to hear it sung.
The Assylum superintentent led the blind invalid to the piano and Maurice not knowing of his father’s presence played and sang the strains of that since popular song “The Rose of Tralee”. Although several stories are told about the composition of “The Rose of Tralee” this one is said to be the most correct as in the third verse it shows that the composer must have spent part of his life in India ( The far fields of India ‘mid war’s dreadful thunder etc.” )
Maurice Musgrave must have been the composer as he spent part of his life fighting in India.
René Boyd 37 Moyderwell, Tralee.

Funny Stories
One day a Department Inspector was going along a road in his motor car. He saw a servant working in a garden inside a wall. He said to the servant “What crop is that”. The boy said that he did not know. “There isn’t much between you and an ass” said the Inspector. “Nothing sir only the bare wall” said the boy.

Once there lived a man who was out every night without light. One night he saw a guard coming towards him. He took the donkey from the car and tied him to the heels. He began pulling the car himself. When the guard asked him where was his light he said “go and speak to the driver”.

One day a man was thatching and he fell off a ladder. He went in for compensation and got it. Then he went to the solicitor for his money. The solicitor handed him a few pounds and kept the most of the money for his own payment. “Tell me sir was it you or I fell off the ladder.” said Jack.

One day two old women were talking about their sons who were fighting in the African war. One of them said “I had a letter from my son this morning and he said they were making a shift for Ladysmith.” “I’m afraid it is a queer shift they will make for her because my son could not even sew in a button before he left home” said the other.
Collector- James Fitzgerald- Address- Gowlane, Co. Kerry.

The Old Man and the Tailor
The Old Man and the Tailor
Long ago there lived an old man. He was about eighty years of age. One day he went to a tailor to make a trousers for him. The tailors name was White. When the trousers was made the old man was not pleased with it. He went to White’s house for the trousers. He got it and when he was coming home he was cursing White. There was a priest coming along the road but the old man did not see him and he was cursing away. The priest heard him and asked him who made the world. The old man thought that what the priest said to him who made the trousers and he said “it was Whit and bad luck to him he spoilt it”
Michael Fell- Rly. Stn- Farranfore

The Railway

The first sod in the contruction of the railway between Listowel and New-Castle-West was cut in 1879. The part of the railway between Cleveragh Bridge and Kenny’s Height is called the “cutting” because it had to be cut through solid rock. The first Station Master in Listowel was a Mr. Scully. The railway was opened for traffic in the year 1882. The name of the Company that carried out the work was the Waterford, Limerick and Western Railway. This Company was later amalgamated with the Great Southern and Western Railway.
There are two platforms in Listowel Station and these are connected by an iron footbridge. It was built about the year 1900. About the year 1903 a Stage Coach Service was instituted between Tarbert and Listowel. The coach was drawn by four horses and was in charge of a driver and a conductor. Church Street was then the most important Street in Listowel. When the railway was constructed William Street became the most important Street. The Coach arrived at Listowel every day at twelve o’clock and left every evening at five o’clock. This Service stopped when the Great War began about the year 1914.

Collector- Sean Ó Síodhacháin- Address- Ballygrenane, Co. Kerry

“Knockanure burial ground lies on top of the hill of Knockanure…”

Knockanure burial ground lies on top of the hill of Knockanure, within its walls are the ruins of an ancient chapel, the walls are about four feet thick, the arched door is on the southern side near the western gable, the windows were also arched cut limestone being used. This church was tumbled down by an officer of Cromwell’s army named Von De Lure believed to be a Prussian, he it was who tumbled down most of the churches including Athea. This occurred at the time of the Cromwellian Commonwealth. Right inside the door of the old ruins and a little to the right may be seen an engraving on a very smooth flag, this is the last resting place of a priest named Collins who was thrown from his horse and killed near the bridge at the western side of the Lots. Between the entrance gate and the eastern gable there is an earthen tomb. It is there Blake Nee Kitchen is interred, he was an ancestor of the late Lord Kitchener who lost his life during the last European war, Blake resided during his life time at Blakes Cross. About thirty years ago some noted villan came and desecrated the old ruins by removing the corner stones from it and were it not for the strength of the walls and the the whole structure would come down. In the field in which it is situated and about one hundred and thirty yards to the North west there is a fort within it is a plantation which was planted by the notorious George Sandes, the field itself is called the Glebe the name of the fort Lissanfarren, there are numerous other forts south of the church, namely Bawnoraha, Lisnabro, Lisroe, Lisrue, Lisaphona, Liscoolimerick, these are all circular earthen structures and for the most part close to naturally good land, most of them have under ground channels just like a gullet and sufficiently large enough to permit a man to go through. Bawnaraha has an arched tunnel large enough to permit a man to walk through, what they were used for opinion varies. Some claim that the people of ancient Ireland had them as a place to retreat to when attacked, others say that cattle-thieves and sheepstealers were so plentiful in olden days that people placed them in these forts for safety during the night and placed a guard over them but whatever was their use, it appears that our ancestors had a belief that there was something mystic about them and even to the present day people are very reluctant to interfere with them.
Some old people claim that Beenasbug means the Bishop’s hill and was the residence of a Bishop in olden times, others claim that Beenasbug is not the proper name but Beenanasloct which means the hill of want and as the soil there is not very fertile, this last stands more to reason, as there is nothing to indicate that it was ever the abode of a Bishop, and one would except to find something to show that such was the case, but no cross, or stone, or mark of any kind is there but a dreary expance of bog and water with Athea hill or as it is known as Knock Athea hanging over it. True within a short distance but in Athea parish there lived the Venerable Archdeacon Gould who was responsible for souperizing a great number of the people of Athea, the descendants of these “supers” are still there, and a strange thing to see is the inscription on the stones of the entrance gate to Athea chapel which is as follows.
“Presented by the venerable Arch Deacon Gould to a grateful tenantry”.
When in olden times there were no police barracks throughout North Kerry. Arrests for crimes were carried out by the British soldiers. These were stationed at the seaport towns such as Tarbert and Tralee and were known to the peasantry as yeomen.
These soldiers carried out a brutal execution at Knockanure on a man named Mulvihill, they hanged him from the shaft of a common horse cart just where the village pump now stands striking terror into the inhabitants, they then took the body away where no one knows but they afterwards held a mock trial at Tralee but Mulvihill was then dead.
Mulvihill was captain of the White Boys who lived in the parish of Murhur by the banks of the Annamoy now at this time about one hundred and twenty five years ago Kilbaha was inhabited by Protestant farmers, some of their illegitimate offspring’s still hold lands there but they are Catholics, one of these Protestant farmers lived near where Tim Kennelly now resides, his name was Wall, he (Wall) was suspected of spying and his house attacked. Wall made a gallant resistance and towards morning the attackers set the house which was thatched on fire. Wall and his wife and children three were burned but his nurse who was a Newtown woman escaped and it was she who gave the information about Mulvihill. As she passed through the door of the burning house she met Mulvihill who had with him a dog, just as she passed out some of the burning thatch fell on the dog, so the yeomen examined the dog and had no doubt about Mulvihill. Mulvihill was now on the run and succeeded in escaping for a considerable time until at last one dark December night he was captured at Keylod at a house called the Castle the remains of the house are still there, the owner (x) who had taken the price which was on Mulvihill’s head betrayed him. X sent his servant with a letter to Tarbert to the yeomen and on that night the castle was surrounded, X met them at the door and admitted them. Mulvihill was asleep in one of the attics, and after discharging the contents of his blunderbuss put up a gallant resistance with the shin-bone of a horse which was in the attic but superior numbers and arms compelled him to surrender. The unfortunate fellow who had had taken the despatch to Tarbert sealed Mulvihill’s doom, took his action to heart and became demented, a short time afterwards he was found drowned in the stream which flows at the County bounds of this parish at Cooleen.
Informant- Daniel Mac Mahon- Age 43- Address- Lissaniska, Co. Kerry.

Travelling Folk
Quite a number of travelling folk visit this locality. The most popular are Paddy O Brien and Maggie Coffey. The O’Sheridan Clan and Pratt are also well known. These are not at present dead, but only the two former, walk, and sleep in the houses of the people. A woman named Mary Barret was found dead by the road-side, and money was found on her person. A man who fought for the British in some war was known by the name of “Billy Cuckoo”. Another man, named Sean Rahilly, was a very good dancer, and used to go around playing a melodin. John Daly went around mending umbrellas. When Paddy O Brien’s wife got drunk she used to fight and throw stones at Paddy, and when she would have all the stones used, Paddy would beat her with umbrella.

Collector- Diarmuid Óg Ó Cróinín
Informant- Díarmuid Ó Brosnacháin-Address- Meentoges, Co. Kerry

A Story of the Whiteboys
About the year 1820 the mail used to be taken by coach. A man named Brereton used to drive the coach. The White Boys were very active in the Rathmore district about this time and Brereton received a warning from them not to take the mails on a certain date. He being a brave and reckless man ignored the warning. He said that having two pistols he would cut through them even if all the devils in Hell were with them.
He travelled on this date and all went well until he came to Old Chapel, which is about a mile west of our school. One of the White Boys lay in ambush there and flung a scythe blade at Brereton’s horse. The horse bled furiously and Brereton not noticing it drove on. The horse bled to death after a short time and the White Boys captured Brereton. He was murdered and left on the road and found the following morning in Upper Shinnagh
There was great activity by the soldiers in the district. For a long time after the murder. Several people were arrested on suspicion and four men were hanged. They were two men named Healy from Scrahanaville, and a man named Telch from Old Chapel. The fourth man named Cotter was from the Kerry – Limerick border. He was hanged in a field near my home at Shinnagh Cross.
Collector- Diarmuid Ó Cróinín-Address- Shinnagh, Co. Kerry.

There was another man who stole a pig from a priest. He went to Confession to the same priest. He told the priest that he stole a pig. ” Give him back to the owner” said the priest. “Will you take him father” said the man. ” No give him to the owner” said the priest. “Shure I offered him to the owner and he wouldn’t take him” said the man.
There was an old man who was called Míceál Naomhtha. He was great friends with the police. They gave him their old clothes. When Miceál had the clothes on he acted like the police. Then a strange policeman came to the district.. He had a bad name and people called him St. John. He brought Miceál before the court for being drunk. The magistrate asked Miceál what he had to say for himself. “All I have to say” said Míceál “is there is a war in heaven.” “How can you say that” said the magistrate. “Because St. John has St. Michael summoned for assault” said Michael.

Collector- John Fitzgerald- Address- Gowlane, Co. Kerry
Informant- James Fitzgerald- Address- Gowlane, Co. Kerry

Pat Murphy was a labouring man who lived in Dromore about thirty years ago. He died and it was a custom that a man about his age would get his clothes and wear them going to mass for the three following Sundays. Dan Silvy Sullivan was a poor labouring man who lived near Pat Murphy. Dan Sullivan did not expect to get the clothes though his own were bad. The night after Pat Murphy being buried Dan Sullivan came to the window of Pat Murphy’s house. He rapped three times and he imitated Pat Murphy. He said give my clothes to Dan Silvy. Next morning one of the Murphys came to Dan and asked him to wear the clothes. Pat came last night and told him to give his clothes to Dan Silvy. Dan said that he would.
Collector John Walsh-Address- Clountubrid, Co. Kerry
Informant- Pat Walsh- Address Clountubrid, Farranfore, Co. Kerry.

Faction Fighting

In the townland of Knockavalig lived a family of the name of Doody or rather the families of four brothers comprising in all – thirty two men.
These men were courageous and warlike and their aid was eargerly sought at faction fights.
There was one of them in particular who shone out in deeds of strenght he was known as “Shawn Láidir”.
The “Pattern day” at Beale Ballybunion was usually marked out for a faction fight between the two great factions then in North Kerry – the Cooleens + the Mulvihills. Shawn Láidir was enlisted on the side of the Mulvihills on one particular fight.
Beale strand was crowded with people as well as the usual tents + apple carts seen at a race meeting.
Shawn Láidir wishing to clear a space for the opposing parties meet on went over to an apple cart and took the donkey which was unharnessed by the side of the cart. Catching the donkey by the tail he raised him up + swung him around + flung him right over a tent and into the midst of the crowd scattering the people in all directions.
The leader of the Cooleens” asked who did the act to which the apple-woman answered “Sé Doody Óg Ó Dubháth”. On hearing this the opposing leader called his men together held a council of war and advised them to go home quietly.
Collector- John O Connor-Address- Rathoran, Co. Kerry

Local Heroes
The strongest man in this locality was Con Hunt, Kilmorna. He was employed as a temporary milesman by Waterford and Limerick Railway. On one occasion while so employed he with three others were using the bogey removing ballast, when to their horror they saw a special train bearing down on them. They lifted the bogey on to side of the railway and left wheels on track and ran for safety. Con jumped in on permanent way and threw bogey wheels into water table and jumped clear of on coming train. The weight of each pair of wheels was 9 cwts. He could take a 24 foot rail in his hand and walk with it the weight of 24 ft rail is exactly 54 cwts he was at that time only 20 years of age. My father was witness to him lifting rail.
Collector- Maurice Heffernan-Address- Kilmorna, Co. Kerry.

Keane of Lybes
Second only to Shone Burns was Dl Keane of Lybes – he often measured his strength against Shone. It is told of him that he often took a sack of meal on his back from Duagh village to his hime in Lybes nearly half a mile away.
Collector- Timothy Keane-Address- Shronebeirne, Co. Kerry

Local Happenings
Drowning: –
The river Feale flows near the parish of Knockanure. A priest was drowned crossing the river Feale from Kilmorna to Daugh at a ford in the year 1858. He slipped off into a deep hole, and was drowned. Ever since it is called “Poll an t-Sagairt”.
Burning: – Knockanure B. N. S. was burned in the year 1923 during the civil war, and was rebuilt in 1926.
Collector- Timothy Finucane-Age 11
Informant- Patrick O Connor- Age 67-Occupation- farmer-Address- Lissaniska, Co. Kerry

Sad History of Jack Lawlor

In the month of November 1921 troops of Free State soldiers traversed the country in search of the Republican parties who were out or complete separation from England. Both parties differed in their aims and this led to a civil war.
The Free State troops visited every little town and village in the Saor-Stát. They gathered together the men and boys of this county in Ballyheigue Castle with the object of capturing the Republican leaders, who were on the run and were hiding here and there through the country.
It so happened that an ambush took place in Tiershanahan not far from Ballingarry this November night, and a youth names Jack Lawlor who took part in the ambush fell into the hands of the Free State soldiers. They bound him and dragged him along and he received several blows and insults before they reached Ballyheigue Village, which is about three miles from where he was captured.
This poor boy was detained prisoner in a house in Ballyheigue until the next day. Then he was taken out and shot by one of the Free State soldiers near Ballyheigue Churchyard where he is now laid to rest.
A white wooden cress marks the spot where his bones lay
We all cherish his memory still, for he is the hero and martyr of this parish. He gave his life for the freedom we all enjoy to-day. May he rest in peace.
Collector- Peggy Walsh-Address- Glenlea, Co. Kerry.

The Castleisland Castle
Castleisland is situated in a broad, fertile valley in the centre of Kerry. The ancient name of the town was Oileán Ciarraige. It was so called on account of it’s peculiar position between two rivers. One, the river maine, flows south of the town, the other a rather small river flows on the north side. Both unite a short distance west of the town, cutting of a section of land and thus forming and island. In 1226 Geoffrey de Marisco, a Norman Knight built a castle on this island and so the town came to be called Castleisland. In the fourteenth century this Elinor De Marisco married one of the Geraldines therefore this was the principal stronghold of the Geraldines. In the year 1345 there was a great war on this island this is how Sir Ralph Ulford became the Chief. He ordered the “Taoiseach” to go up to the Dail in Dublin.
Sir Ralph Ulford and his soldiers came there and they attacked the Castle. The Earl’s soldiers fought quiet [?] for a while but they had to rise out in the end. The two knights and the chief steward were hung.
Long ago a druid lived in this Castle he was able to turn himself into a serpent. One day his wife forced him to to try one of his tricks. She made certain promises. He leapt into the water and turned himself into a serpent, he opened his mouth as if to swallow his wife, she began to scream. Then she had disobeyed him, now he could not take his human shape anymore.
He was then turned into a goose and flew to a lake in Limerick where he remained until his death.
Though she repented for her misunderstanding and sent many messages to her lord asking him to come back; but he had no power to put away the spell cast upon him by her wickedness.
Transcribed by a member of our volunteer transcription project.
Collector- Peggie Prendiville, Castleisland.

The Crooked Tree
The Crooked Tree.
Auhunig Glen, 1½ from Killarney, due East
oak tree Since then the tree never grew very much but the branches have become curved and twisted in an extraordinary manner. Although the adjoining trees were all cut down during the Great War the Crooked Tree still stands to bear silent witness to a tragedy of the troubled days after Sarsfield’s departure.
The MacSweeney mentioned above was a minor chieftain a hot and turbulent man who led many a foray against the Williamite settlers. His descendants the McSweeneys of Sheheree and Tiernaboul (both places near Killarney) were a sort of minor gentry – Ceitherneachs – in later days. The last of them, Myles Mc Sweeney, died 25 or 30 years ago – a quiet inoffensive man, liked by everybody. McSweeney, the chief fo Rapparee fame, took part in the fight against King William and saw service in most of the campaign. After the Treaty of Limerick he returned to Kerry and sought seclusion on the lower part of Tiernaboul in the wooded glen of which the Auhunig river winds its way to the Flesk of which it is a tributary. Here he lived with some of his followers, among whom was a man known as The Giolla Ruadh. He made raids now and again on the settlers in East Kerry and West Cork. One of those whom he came into conflict with was the well known Barry family of West Cork. Despite this, McSweeney set his mind on the daughter of the house Margaret Barry. His advances were looked upon with disfavour by both Margaret and her parents who looked upon McSweeney as an outlaw. Watching his opportunity McSweeney and his followers attacked the Barry home and succeeded in forcing their way in and capturing Margaret. Hurrying westwards the raiders reached their hiding place in the little hut in Tiernaboul (Tír na bPoll, the “Hole-y Land”) at he head of the glen. Leaving the Giolla Ruadh to keep watch and ward over the prisoner and warning him that he would answer with his life for her safety, McSweeney and his followers after a few hours rest departed on another night raid. What fate overtook the entire party no one ever knew for not one of them ever returned to the hut in the glen. It was believed the entire party was wiped out in some conflict.
The Giolla Ruadh tiring of his watch began to drink and soon fell into a deep sleep. Margaret Barry, crazed with fear, escaped from the hut at dawn of day. Her mind becoming unhinged at all she had suffered, she hanged herself on the oak tree just as the sun was peeping over the eastern hilltops, having first scrawled the lines, previously quoted, on the rock. It is said that friends of the McSweeneys subsequently obliterated the inscription.
Collector- Seamus P. O Raghallaigh, Occupation, múinteoir- Address- Lissyviggeen, Co. Kerry.

Knockanure Newtown Newtownsandes

Newtown and Knockanure Papers

Kerry Evening Post 1813-1917, Wednesday, March 25, 1868; Page: 2
In the Matter of the Estate of ; CHARLES SANDES, and LAUNCELOT CHARLES SANDES, ; Owners and Petitioners.
The Court having Ordered a Sale of A Fee-Farm Rent of £1255 Is. 8d. issuing out of the Lands of Clonbreene, Gortdromasillihy, otherwise Gortaromsillighy, Carrowentenine, otherwise Carrowentonine, one-half of Moyvane, and Ardcanaght, situate in the barony of Trughanacmy, and COUNTY OF KERRY
which Lands are known on the Ordnance Survey as Clonbrane, Gortdrumsilly, Moyvane North, or Newtown Sandes, Toberatoreen, Kealid, Lissneskea, Ardcanaght, and Farna; the Fee-farm Rent of £369. Issuing out of the Lands of Cloneman, and Killoltine, otherwise Killetine, known on the Ordnance Survey as Cloneman and Killelton; the Fee-Farm Rent of £714 12s 0d. issuing out of the Lands of Gohard and Gullane, known on the Ordnance Survey as Tripfile East, Tripfile West, Tullamore, Gullane East, Gullane West, Gullane Middle, Deragh, Gohard North and Gohard South; the Lands of Kilbaha North, Kilbaha Middle; the Fee-farm Rental £78 4s. 3d. issuing out of Kilbaha South; the two Glanalappas, known on the Ordnance Survey as Glanalappa East, Glanalappa West, and Glanalappa Middle; the Lands of Kilbaha West, Aghnngran Upper, Carrigafoyle, Mortarra, Gortard; and Rents of £4 and 5s, issuing out of the Lands of Carrig Island, situate in the barony of Iraghticonnor, and County of Kerry; all said Lands held under Fee-farm Grant dated 30th day of April, l855.
All parties objecting to the sale of the said Lands, are hereby required to Take Notice of such order; and all persons having claims thereon, may file such claims, duly verified, with the Clerk of the Records.
Dated this 24th day of July, 1867.
JAMES M’DONNELL, Examiner. –
SAMUEL BOXWELL, Solicitor, having carriage of Sale, 51 Middle Abbey Street, Dublin.

Freemans Journal 1763-1924, 11.08.1870, page 6
Long list of names of people from all over the country (See paper for List)
Sample; George F Shaw F.T.C.D., Trinity College
W Foster Vesy Fitzgerald, J.P., Moyvane, Newtown Sandes, County Kerry.
John E Sullivan T.C. Killarney.
Rev F.F. Carmichael A.M. Magdalen Asylum.
Rev T Tobin, P.P., St Michael’s, Liverpool.
James Byrne, President Mallow Farmer’s Club.
John Allington, Provincial Bank, Waterford.

Nation 1842-1897, Saturday, August 20, 1870; Page: 18
The following circular has been issued by the Provisional Committee) :—

63 Grafton-street, Dublin, June 7th, 1870.
Dear Sir—We have the honour to forward you copies of two resolutions passed at a meeting convened by private circular, and held at the Bilton Hotel on the 19th of last month. We do so by desire of the committee into which the meeting resolved itself, and we are desired by them to request your earnest consideration of these resolutions, and the other proceedings which we enclose. The meeting at the Bilton was the result of a wish entertained by some gentlemen, citizens of Dublin, to bring together in private and friendly conference a few, of their influential follow-citizens, representing different sections of political opinion, to deliberate on the present condition of the country, with a view of considering how far it would be possible to unite all parties in some proposal for the remedy of existing evils. (See paper for long list of names and some ideas)

Kerry Sentinel 1878-1916, Wednesday, March 06, 1889; Page: 3
(From our Correspondent.)
Listowel, Saturday. A large and influential public meeting of the ratepayers of the barony of Irraghticonnor was held today afternoon in the large ground floor of Mr. John Stack, M.P.s., new building in William street, for the purpose of protesting against the misappropriation of the money borrowed for the construction of the Fenit Pier, and for the amount of money paid for the guarantee of the North Kerry Railway. Mr. M. Woulfe, P.L.G., presided. Amongst those present were—Messrs. J. Nolan, Moyvane ; C. Mulvihill, P.L.G ; T. Horgan, P.L.G.; J. O’Sullivan, Thos Harty, Ballybunnion ; J. O’Connor, Newtowndillon, T. Lynch, T. M’Mahon, Knockanure; M. O’Connor, Coilbee; J. P. Stack, &c. The following resolution was proposed by Mr. M. J. Nolan, and seconded by Mr. T. Horgan :—

That we, the ratepayers of the Barony of Irraghticonnor, in public meeting assembled , feel deeply disappointed at the result of the application made on behalf of the ratepayers of the county to the Court of Queen’s Bench a few days ago, in opposition to the unjust charges allowed by the arbitrators appointed in the Limerick and Kerry Railway Act, to apportion the guarantee, and we are of opinion that had the directions of the last Grand Jury been carried but promptly, the result would have been quite different; we now respectfully ask the Grand Jury to again investigate this matter, and also the expenditure of the money borrowed for the construction of the Fenit pier, for which we are also guarantors, as we have reason to believe a large sum of this latter has been misapplied, and we hope they will protect our interests by every means.” He (Mr, Nolan), complained that a large sum of money six or seven thousand pounds—that had been borrowed for the construction of the Fenit pier, and had been charged to some other act than towards the works for which it was intended.
The resolution was passed unanimously.
Mr. Wm. Wharton then proposed the Following resolution, which was seconded of Mr. Wm. Stack, of Newtown :-” Resolved—That a deputation of the ratepayers be requested to attend before the Grand Jury with a solicitor to urge upon them the necessity of taking a decided action with regard to the guarantors referred to in the foregoing resolution.”

Mr. Nolan, said a few days ago an application was made to the court in Dublin with regard to the guarantee for the North Kerry Railway, but it was dismissed on the grounds that it had not been made in time: two sessions had been allowed pass before the matter was brought on, and the judges held that the ratepayers were not very much aggrieved, as they had not brought it on sooner, but they believed that was the fault of the Grand Jury solicitor.
Some other observations having been made relative to the subject, the meeting terminated.

Kerry Weekly Reporter 1883-1920, Saturday, December 12, 1891; Page: 5
On Thursday the Convention of Nationalists for the County of Kerry was held in the Corn Exchange, Tralee. Messrs. W. O’Brien, M.P. ; Denis Kilbride, M.P. ; Jeremiah Sheehan, M.P , and Mr. J. C. Flynn, M.P., arrived here by the 11.15 a.m. train, and were met at the railway station by a committee of the Tralee branch of the Federation, and conveyed to the Central Hotel, Denny Street, where they lunched. At one o’clock the meeting was held in the Corn Exchange. The room was decorated with evergreens and such mottos as ” Where O’Brien leads we follow” and ” Ireland a Nation’ was hung on the walls. It was nearly one o clock when the proceedings of the Convention opened. The clergy present were—Ven Archdeacon O’Sullivan, PP, V.F, Kenmare; Rev M Dillon, P P, Newtown; Very. Rev T Canon Brosnan, PP, Caherciveen ;. Rev F Lawlor, PP, Killorglin; Rev F H Brosnan, PP, O’Dorney; Rev P O’Connor, P P, Firies; Rev D O’Donoghue, P P, Ardfert; Rev J Molyneux, PP, Castlegregory; Rev J Casey, P P, Valentia; Rev M O’Connor , P P, Ballybunion; Rev J Counihan, PP, Castlemaine; Rev S Fuller, PP, Kilcummin; Rev J Mangiin, P P, . Bonane; Rev H Cremin, P P, Milltown.
Amongst others on the platform were—Messrs J SIattery, CTC, Tralee; J O’Keeffe, TC, do; M O’F Slattery, TC; J D O’Sullivan, TC; J O’Donnell, TC, PLG; J Curtayne, M Kelliher TC; T Gibson, T Galvin, J Leonard, D Moriarty, Solr: T O’Ragan, T C; M Murphy, Castleisland; M.J Flavin, Listowel; W Teahan, J O’Connor, M. Moriarty, M M’Mahon, chairman Tralee Board of Guardians.
Delegates attended from, Castleisland, Tralee, Killarney, Glenflesk, Milltown, Dingle, Lispole, Billyferriter, Ventry, Castlegregory, Camp, Kilflynn, Listowel, Knockanure, Newtowndillon, Duagh, Tarbert, Ballylongford, Ballybunnion, Ballydonoghue, Ballyduff, O’Dorney, Kilmoyley, Ardfert, Ballyhar, Spa, Tubrid, Milltown, Caherciveon, Valentia, Castlemaine, Listry, Rathmore, Templenoe, Kilcummin, Firies, Gneeveguilla.
Mr. O’BRIEN, M.P., was moved to the chair.
Mr. D. Moriarty, Killarney, and Mr. J. Leonard, Tralee, acted as secretaries to the meeting.

Addresses were read from the Tralee Town Commissioners, Tralee Board of Guardians, Listowel Town Commissioners, Tralee Federation, Labourers of Tralee, Listowel Board of Guardians, the Evicted Tenants on the Ormathwaite estate, and the Listowel branch of the Federation.

Mr. O’Brien who, on coming forward, – was received with great cheering, said—Rev. Fathers and gentlemen, delegates of this Convention, my friends and myself are heartily grateful for all those most touching and most spirit-touching addresses of welcome that we have just listened to, I may say from almost every important representative body in Kerry (cheers, and “you deserve it”). I cannot pretend to reply to them at this moment in detail, but I may be, perhaps allowed to say that I am especially gratified by the addresses from the Tralee Town Commissioners and from the Tralee Board of Guardians (cheers), the only real representatives that Tralee has at this moment. What those addresses say today, I am convinced, an overwhelming majority of the electors of West Kerry (cheers) would say to-morrow if Mr. Edward Harrington (boos) would only give them the chance (cheers, and a voice—” He hasn’t pluck enough), and the day of the General Election is rapidly coming (a voice —Anxious for it) when the electors of West Kerry will have the chance whether Mr. Edward Harrington likes it or not (cheers). I consider It a high honour, and I think it is not going to be a very arduous task to preside over the deliberations of this Convention. I most sincerely congratulate the County Kerry upon the size and the character of this great Convention (cheers) I believe I am correct in saying the greatest and the most representative convention ever assembled here, and I am, certain we will have good reason to congratulate Ireland upon the results of this convention, because it is clear after to-day—if I ever doubted it—it is as clear as day-light—outside a certain number of hot-headed people-in a few towns—(a voice—They’re not here)-that Kerry is solid for the cause of Ireland—(cheers) ,— solid for the cause of Irish liberty and solid in the determination to put down faction (cheers)-to stand by the evicted tenants of Ireland, and whenever the day of the General Election comes to add to your three worthy representatives a fourth representative, whose election will be the death-warrant of factionism and rowdyism (cheers, and a voice” Down with Harrington). I dare say you have all read, as I have read; with respect and sympathy the appeals for peace, of at least for a truce, that were made a few days ago by Mr Michael Davitt—(cheers) and by his Grace the Archbishop of Dublin (cheers). I presume you have learned also how Mr Davitt’s generous and high-minded action has been misconstrued and has been answered with insults and ridicule by Mr Leamy (boos, and cries of “grabber ; and by a gentleman of whom, I dare say, you had heard very little of until lately, in the cause of Ireland, Mr James Dalton (laughter). I dare say you have learned how these men, instead of appreciating the spirit of Mr, Davitt’s suggestion rushed off to Waterford with braggart words and with declarations of war upon their own fellow countrymen. (See paper for long speeches and report)
Note it was said that £40,000 was lying useless in Paris Bank, because of factions, there was also calls for help for labours).

Kerry Weekly Reporter 1883-1920, Saturday, August 11, 1894; Page: 5

communicated to clean the sewer, as it was stated he had promised.
Dr. Pierce wrote, stating that Dr. Browne, L.G B. Medical Inspector, requested him to again press on the Guardians the urgent necessity for at once taking steps to supply the village of Causeway with pure water. Dr. Pierce also drew attention to the bad state of the sewerage of the village.
No action was taken.
Mr. Riordan said representation had been made about year ago of the necessity of extending the Knockanure burial ground, but the matter, it appeared, had dropped. The Clerk said that Mr George Sandes refused to give the land. Mr Riordan—He thought that we had no compulsory power then , but now that he knows it he may not refuse. The Chairman said he would speak to Father Dillon, P.P, Newtown, about the matter, and suggested that the matter be adjourned to the next meeting. This was agreed to. The meeting, after disposing of some other matters, adjourned.

Kerry News 1894-1941, Tuesday, October 08, 1895; Page: 2
Morley Gallivan, a farmer, residing in the Newtown district, has been arrested for the seriously stabbing of a man named Rowan, an employee at Mr G R Browne’s at Cahirdown. It appeared both men were going home in a cart belonging to a man named O’Connor, residing at Knockanure, when an altercation occurred between the latter and Gallivan-Rowan interfered , it is alleged, for the purpose of making peace, when Gallivan pulled out his pocket knife and inflicted a deep scar on Rowan’s forehead. ( Break) the other stabbing involved father and son, Maurice Flynn, a mason a native of Tralee, brought in from Ballybunion.

Kerry Sentinel 1878-1916, Saturday, June 03, 1899; Section: Front page, Page: 1

(Stud Book, vol. xvii., page 692), The property of M. J. NOLAN, Will stand this season at Owner’s Stable. Moyvane, Newtownsandes.
CONDITIONS : Thorough-Bred Mares, … £5- 5 -0 Approved Gentlemen’s Mares, …£3- 3- 0 Approved Farmers’ Mares, …£2 -2- 0 Groom’s Fees, 2s- 6d, in all cases to be paid at First Service. Season ends 1st July. The Owner will not be accountable for accidents to mares. Money to be paid 1st Nov., l899, otherwise £1 extra, will be charged. Good Grass for mares at 7s per week. Applications for Nominations to be made to Mr. M. J. NOLAN, Moyvane, Newtownsandes.

ASH LEAF, foaled in 1885, is a beautiful Dark Bay, with black points, stands 15 hands 3 inches high, with splendid shapes, and 8.5 inches of bone below the knee. He is by Retribution by Vengeance, dam by Fued by Hobbie Noble, g.d. Chevy Chase by Harkaway; Vengeance by Chanticleer by Birdcatcher.
ASHLEAF’S dam, Cecropia by Cecrops by Bounce, is dam of Ashtree, Ashplant, Miss Plant, Narraghmore, General Gordan, Ashstick and Ashbourn.

Narraghmore was the winner of the Irish Derby at the Curragh June, 1892, value £650. Ashbourn won as a two-year-old last year, £1,175. Ashbourn won the Prince Edward Handicap of 2,000 Guineas last September. ASHLEAF’S sire, Retribution, was bred by Captain P. Beresford. He is a most fashionably bred horse and comes from the greatest racing strain. Ashleaf proved very successful up to the time he met with the accident which put him out of training. ASHLEAF’S produce is commanding the highest prices this year in Fairs and otherwise, and over 100 guineas have been got for several of his produce. Ashtop got 3rd Prize at the Royal Dublin Show, 1897, 228 in his class, and was sold for over £400.
” Kilmorna, Listowel, “15th January, 1898. ” On this day I examined a dark bay Sire Horse, the property of Pierce Mahony, Esq., Kilmorna, called ” Ashleaf”; in my opinion, he is free from any hereditary disease. Signed) ” J. H. PIERSE, M.R.C.V.S.”
” Tralee, January 4th, 1895. “1 have this day examined the Sire Horse Asbleaf,” at the request of Pierce Mahony, Esq., Kilmorna, and I consider he is free from any hereditary disease. (Signed),

Kerry Weekly Reporter 1883-1920, Saturday, August 26, 1899; Page: 3
Knockanure Sports.
Once again on that memorable 15th Aug, a goodly number assembled to celebrate the “patron,” as was the custom of our forefathers; though now commemorated in a different style by members’ of the committee of the Football Club. The sports carried on, though not of the grandest description, were, in their way, a source of joy to many—especially to those who had returned from a foreign school, to see danced with due honour the famous gig and reel, while floating on the breeze were the most cherished flags—the Irish and American —the Emerald a bit loftier than the Stars and Stripes. The other feats; which comprised jumping, cycling, etc., were very closely contested owing to the excellent, supervision of the judge and handicapper, Mr Timothy T Leahy. We offer our heartiest thanks to all who have in any way contributed to our sports; and we trust that on the next 15th August Knockanure will have attained to a — ? place in the athletic line. Details: —

100 yards Handicap (Open)—-M Fury (scr), 1; T Quilter, Irremore, 1 yd, 2; W Hunt , Knockanure , 4 yds, 3. Won by half a yard; 2 yards separated 2nd and 3rd.

88O Yards handicap (Open)—Thomas Leahy, Knockanure, 1st; P O Connor, do, 2; T O’Brien, Duagh, 3. Five others competed.—Won by 2 yards. A good third.
440 yards Handicap (Open)—M Fury, Athea, (scr) 1; ? J O’Connor, Newtown, 7 yds , 2; P O’Connor, Knockanure, 7 yds, 3.
440 Yards (confined to the members of the Football club).—There were three heats. In the final the result was—T Leahy, 1; P O’Connor, 2.
High Jump (Open) Handicap—M O’Connor, Newtown, 4in, 5ft ll in, 1; M Fury (scr) , 5ft lOin, 2; J Granville, do , 2in, 5ft 9.75in, 3rd.
Long Jump (Open) Handicap—J Fitzmaurice, Knockanure, 1ft, 1st; T Quilter, Irremore, 9in,2.: M Fury (scr) 3.
Throwing 56lbs—W Murphy, Knockanure l; .M Fury, Athea, 2; J Condon, Duagh, 3.
Putting 56 1bs.—M Fury, 1; J Condon, 2. Five Miles Bicycle Race.—Thomas Leahy, 1 ; J Casey, 2. Seven others competed.
? Bicycle Race.—J Casey, 1 and M leahy , 2. Four others competed.
Irish Reel—M Thornton, Newtown, 1st; D Mahony, Knockanure, 2nd. Ten competed.
Irish Jig.— D Mahony, Knockanure, 1st; P. Woulfe, Glin, 2nd, eight competed.—there was much excitement while the dancing lasted, after which the sports concluded.—Cor.

Kerry News 1894-1941, Friday, July 06, 1900; Page: 3
Tarbert Petty Sessions. Before Mr James M Flangan. R.M (presiding); S E Collis, and M J Nolan. Patrick Finucane, publican, Newtownsandes, was summoned for a breach of the Licensing Act, and Thomas O’Connor and Thomas Power, both of Knockanure, were charged with being unlawfully on the premises after closing hours. Mr Windle, solr, appeared for the defendants. The case was dismissed. At the conclusion of the business of the court, Mr Stephen ColIis referred to the departure of Mr Flanagan from the district, and expressed his regret that Mr Flanagan was about to leave them.

Kerry Sentinel 1878-1916, Saturday, January 02, 1904; Page: 3
Funeral of the Late Mr. Jeremiah Nolan, R.D.C.
The funeral of the late Mr Jerh Nolan, R.D.C, took place on Monday from Murhur to the church of the same name. The cortege was of immense proportions, extending the whole way from the residence of the deceased to the church, and embracing representative people from different parts of the county and the neighbouring county of Limerick. The dimensions of the cortege was a truly significant testimony to the great esteem in which the deceased and his family are held and the widespread regret felt at his painfully sudden demise. The clergy in attendance were—Rev P O’Leary, D.D, P.P, Newtownsandes; Rev P Keane, C.C, do (nephew-in-law), Rev D Foley, P.P, Tarbert.
The chief mourners were—Mrs Nolan (wife), Mrs. M J Nolan, Mrs J B Nolan (sisters-in-law), J B Nolan and M J Nolan, J.P (brothers), M J Nolan, Peter J Nolan, R S Nolan, Maggie, Kathleen, Hannah (M), and Hannie (J), Kate and Martin, Jack and Timothy Nolan (nephews and nieces), Ed Stack and Mrs Stack, Patrick J Nolan and Mrs Nolan, John P Nolan, Mary, Hannie, Kitty, Ellie Nolan, Jerh G Nolan, Jerh D Nolan, Jeremiah Brosnan, Mrs Brosnan (cousins).

Almost all the parishioners of the combined parishes of Newtown and Knockanure were present at the funeral. (See paper for long list at funeral)
Telegrams and letters of condolence were received from—P J Nolan, C.E (brother), Melbourne; Dr Nolan and T M Nolan (nephews), London; Martin W K Nolan (nephew), St Bernardine’s College, Buckingham ; Fr Corcoran, London; M J Flavin, M.P; P M. Quinlan, Secretary County Council; Rev T Trant, C.C, Ballybunion; Mrs Hickie, do; Fr Breen, President St Michael’s College, Listowel; S Peguin, J.P, Glin ; John Murphy, M.P, Killarney ; Rev M Keane, C.C, Beaufort; Col Hickie, J.P, Killelton; Rev J Nolan, P.P, Belfast-Diocese ; Thomas Nolan, V.S, Asdee ; D J Nolan, Manager Ulster Bank, Castlerea (cousins). F G Hartigan, C.E, Rathkeale; A J Coyle, Accountant Co Council; Mrs English, Mullingar ; Martin Murphy, Listrim House; Dr M-Donnell, J.P, Glin.
Mr M J Flavin, M.P, in the course of a touching letter of condolence, says: “How sad to see a giant in strength, a genial character, a kindly neighbour, a sterling and uncompromising Irish Nationalist taken from amongst us without, I may say, a moment’s notice. (see paper for more of letter)

Kerry Weekly Reporter 1883-1920, Saturday, March 05, 1904; Page: 6
To employers of Labour
DISCHARGED SOLDIERS AND RESERVISTS OF GOOD CHARACTER, and Trained to habits of Regularity and Discipline are registered for Civil Employment at the following places, and names will be submitted to Employers at any time for Situations vacant on application to the Hon Secretaries, viz: CORK, Mallow —KINSALE—Limerick, Hon Sec. Captain G W R Stackpole, Tralee Hon Sec. Captain F A D O Gooddard and Ennis Captain Gosselin. (See paper for more Details)

Sir,—I saw by a leaderette in your paper of yesterday that you draw attention to the withdrawal of the subsidy for maintaining the coach and steamer “route” between Listowel, Tarbert, and Kilrush. I am not surprised that the receipts in commotion with the coach and Steamer Service between Listowel and Kilkee was so very small. A couple of years ago I drew the attention of the secretary of the Board of Works to the unsuitability of hours of starting from Listowel, and the inconvenience to tourists and others wishing to go on to either Lahinch or Ennistymon (for Lisdoonvarna) – as the steamer from Tarbert to Kilrush was timed to arrive at the latter about 30 minutes after the train for Ennis had started. I suggested to him the necessity of the coach starting from Listowel, and the steamer from Tarbert, so as to form a connection with the train leaving Kilrush at 5 p.m., or get the railway company, to delay it for 30 minutes,
A good many parties from Tralee and Listowel spoke to me on the subject, who were anxious to go by that route to Lisdoonvarna, if they could get there in one day; but they could not, as they would have to stop a night either at Kilrush or Kilkee. Had the Board of Works adopted my suggestion the receipts would have been far more. If the Government could be induced to continue the subsidy for this service for another year and hold local enquiries as to the most suitable hours and fares, it would leave a far more satisfactory return than in the past. 1st. There is no necessity to run a four-horse coach at any part of the year from Listowel to Tarbert. If on any day the number of tourists, &c, were too many, let the conductor be empowered to hire a car or cars at Listowel.

2nd. If the steamer was timed to arrive in Kilrush to catch the ordinary train (5 o’clock) there would be no need to subside a special train to Kilkee at 5.30 p.m.—which certainly would be a great saving.
3rd. The steamer from Kilrush in the morning on arrival at Tarbert returns to Kilrush immediately, and then starts for Foynes. Why not arrange the hour of departure from Kilrush so that the steamer might proceed on to Foynes on arrival at Tarbert, and then effect another saving.
It is a pity if a service which is becoming popular, and which could be worked at very little, if any, loss to the Government, is now thrown over because they will not conform to the requirements of the public.
I hope the Government may be induced to act on my suggestions for another year, and if they do they will find the results far more satisfactory than in the past. I hope Mr. W. Redmond, M.P., Clare, and Mr M. J. Flavin, M.P., North Kerry, will press further in this matter.—Yours, &c, M. J. NOLAN, County Councillor for Tarbert District, Co. Kerry. Moyvane House, Newtown Sandes, Co. Kerry, 27th Feb., 1904.

Sir,—” Audi alteram partem’ — I was a passenger two or three years ago by the Board of Works coach, or char-a-banc, from Listowel to Tarbert, in connection with their steamer service to the Clare side of the Shannon, which is now to be discontinued. It was the last day but one of September, and the steamer was to cease running on the following day. In the course of conversation with the driver—I was the only passenger—I said I supposed they would now be selling off the horses. Oh, no, he said, the couch service would go on. What, through the winter? I said, Tarbert being practically a pier only to which no man ever comes, or ever will, in winter, and absolutely grotesque in desolation as a terminus for a coach service, when there was no longer a steamer to meet. Yes, he said, his melancholy journey would have to be performed back and forwards every day. I said I supposed at all events it was of some use to people going to market at Listowel. No not even that— the hours did not suit. Is it surprising that a service conducted with such, one would have thought, almost impossible ineptitude should have resulted in the loss which Mr. Wyndham announced? I rather think I met Mr. Crossley shortly afterwards and pointed out to him the waste of public money that was going on, for which, however, he was not responsible. But I had an even better illustration of the same in the same year. Leaving the steamer in the Upper Shannon at Rooskey and driving into the country I passed at Dromod Railway Station, on the Cavan and Leitrim line, two miles away, the Board of Works omnibus waiting for passengers to arrive by the train due at three o’clock, to take them to the steamer at Rooskey, which I had seen starling gaily at the appointed, and advertised time, 2.40, and I was told that the proprietor of the omnibus had contracted with the Board of Works to do that every day for seven years. I might, have more to say about that service on the Upper Shannon to which the ratepayers of the riparian counties, of whom I am one, were beguiled into contributing, and about the solitary passenger, but not believed to be a sane person, who was once descried through a winter deluge on the open deck of its one small steamer, and whom there was a project on foot to catch and stuff; but I have no desire to flatten out my friend Mr. Crossley and his good intentions altogether.—Yours, etc,
GEORGE L. TOTTENHAM February 27th .
THE “TWO STEP DANCE.” The “two step” is likely to be the most popular dance during the coming season. At the present moment it is to be found on almost every ball programme, and it is superseding the cako walk as a novelty. The two step was introduced from America at the Great Albert Hall Charity Ball last year in order to attract American visitors, and has come to stay. In some ways it resembles the gallop, but is danced in six-eight time, and with the feet flat on the ground. The position of the partners is side by side and each “backs” alternately. The music for the two-step is always bright and lively, and that is the real secret, of the popularity of the new dance.

Kerry Evening Post 1813-1917, 30.04.1904, page 4
John Dillon of Meen charged with assaulting Michael Carmody of same place on the 17th inst.
Ellen Sullivan of Newcastlewest charged with abandoning a child, remanded in custody.

Kerry People 1902-1928, Saturday, March 19, 1904; Page: 5
We are glad to notice that the attendance at the lecture given by M. McManus in the Concert Hall on Tuesday, evening was better than at any delivered on the same, subject since its inception in Tralee. The popularity of the lecturer contributed, mainly to this satisfactory result; and if the Department paid more heed to the selection of popular lecturers their efforts would be more fruitful of results.(Break)
LISTOWEL: Mr William Pierce of Bank of Ireland Listowel has been appointed sub-agent at Galway.
On Sunday 20th March, branches of the Gaelic League will be inaugurated at Knockanure, and Newtown. The meeting at Knockanure will commence at 4 p.m., and the meeting at Newtown, which will be presided over by Rev. Dr. O’Leary, P.P. will be held at 7 p.m.- Mr. Fionan MacColuim, Chief Organiser, Gaelic League, will attend at both places.

Kerry Sentinel 1878-1916, Wednesday, March 23, 1904; Page: 3
Death of Mrs Keane, Ballygrennan, Listowel.
This venerable and widely respected lady, relict of the late Mr John C Keane, died on Tuesday, 15th inst., at her son’s residence, Ballygrennan, Listowel, at the advanced and honoured age of 87 years, having previously received the last rites of the church, to whose holy observances she was so devoted through life. Although confined to her room for the space of four months preceding her demise—being indeed unable during that period even to sit up for a short interval—she was yet free from pain or appreciable suffering of any kind, her death in the end being directly due to senile decay.
On the morning of Wednesday I6th, Requiem Mass for the repose of her soul was celebrated by Rev W Byrne, who was untiring in his ministrations to deceased during her illness. On the morning of the day of interment—St Patrick’s Day—a Requiem Mass was likewise offered up with the same charitable intention by her son, Fr. Michael Keane.
The unwonted proportions of the funeral cortege of neighbours and kinsfolks which accompanied her remains to their last resting place, the Duagh cemetery, and which included numerous relatives from West Limerick, were an eloquent assertion of the extent of the esteem which the virtues of the late Mrs Keane bad won for her, and which during a long life of exemplary piety, industry and usefulness, she did nothing to loose or lessen.
The burial service at the grave was conducted by the Very Kev Canon Davis, P.P, assisted by Rev W Byrne, and Rev P Sheehan, C.C’s, Listowel. The other clergymen present were—The Rev M Fuller, C.C, Killarney, Rev J Buckley, B’D, President The College, Tralee : and the Rev J Breen, President St Michael’s College, Listowel. The chief mourners were Rev R W Keane Rev M Keane, and Mr J J Keane (sons of the deceased); Mrs Horgan (daughter); Mrs J J Keane, (daughter-in-law); Messrs T Horgan and P Walsh, (sons-in-law); Masters Jack Keane, Jack Horgan, Michael and Jack Walsh (grand-sons); the Misses Mollie, Lizzie, Nell, and Maggie Keane, Ellie, Kittie, Polly, Lizzie, and Hannah Horgan, and Minnie, and Katie Walsh, Walsh (grand-daughters); Merssrs T and P Walshe, P Danaher, and M O’Connor, Feale Bridge, and J P Woulfe, Cratloe, Athea (nephews); Mrs Danaher, and Mrs D B Harnett, Abbeyfeale, Mrs Leahy, Millstream, Abbeyfeale, Mrs Larkin, Rathea. Mrs O’Connor, and Mrs Mulvihill, Newtown Mrs Dillon, Duagh (nieces,).

Among the general public present were—Mr and Mrs Shanahan, Messrs J W and W Keane, and M W Keane and Mrs Healy, Ballygrennan ; Mrs Dillon and Master John Dillon, Knockanasig; Mr A Molyneaux and Mrs E Molyneaux, Woodford; Dr G L Stack, J.P ; Messrs – H Marshall, W M’Elligott, Listowel Arms Hotel; T Gibson, T Kirby, Mr and Mrs D J Larkin, J Larkin and Dr Larkin, Con and Lizzie Dillon, E P Sheehy and J Cahill, T and P Corridan, J and J Broderick, M Enright, Professor; G Enright, J M’Mahon, P M’Auliffe, J M’Kenna, W M’Elligott, D Hickie, Master Workhouse; R Walshe. Listowel; Messrs M J Nolan, J.P, Co C, Moyvane House, Newtown ; T O’Connell, J.P, Chairman Listowel B.G; J Hanrahan, D.C; P Keane, D.C ; M, G, J and W Calvin, Rathea; M Corridan, W Fuller, Glenoe, and W Fuller, Kilfeighney; T Buckley. W Leslie, W Smyth, J Mahony, N.T; P Walshe, R O’Shea, N.T; P Kirby, N.T; Mrs T M’Mahon, T Leahy and J O’Connor, Knockanure; Mr and Mrs P Flynn, J Horgan, D Keane and D Dillon, lslandanny; J Downey and T Toomey, Abbeyfeale; T Hanrahan, J B Nolan, D.C; J Sullivan and Mrs D Leary. The Island ; Miss B Wall, Kilmorna, T Curtin, J Dillon, J Purcell, M Hayes, Gurtnaminch; T Connor. D and J Keane, Droumlegangh; J Keane, Rathea ; Lizzie O’Connor and Hannah M Cahill, etc. etc.—R.I.P.

Kerry People 1902-1928, Saturday, October 21, 1905; Page: 8 (severely edited, see paper for full report)
The clerk read a resolution adopted by the Knockanure Land and Labour Association condemning the system of appointments in connection with direct labour by the County Surveyor, and asking that the power of making such appointments be taken out of his hands. Mr Thomas Stack, Secretary of the Kerry L.L.A., Mr. Ml Foran, president Newtown branch, and Mr James Lynch, secretary of
the Knockanure branch, spoke in favour of the resolution. Mr. James Keane thought it would be very fair if the Rural Council had the appointment of the men.
Mr M J Nolan proposed and Mr Trant seconded the following resolution, which was unanimously adopted—”That the County Surveyor be directed to prepare a scheme of direct labour for all the roads in the Listowel rural district now falling out of contract, and also all other roads whose contracts would expire before the 1st July, 1909, in the district, as it has been decided by the Listowel District Council that all roads in the district would be as soon as possible worked by direct labour.
The County Surveyor said he was responsible for the men , and if the Council appointed them the men would snap their fingers at him and tell him they were not responsible to him,
He should have full control over the men

Kerry People 1902-1928, Saturday, February 17, 1906; Page: 9
MEETING AT KNOCKANURE for the purpose of presenting an illuminated address to Rev Canon O’Leary, D.D. Dingle, late P.P. Newtownsandes
Amongst those present were—Rev. P. Garvey, P.P. Messrs, T.W. Leahy, Jas. O’Connor, Pat Kennelly, Wm. R Stack, James Kennelly, James Leahy, Timothy T. Leahy, Jas. Barrett, Wm. E Leahy, G. J. Stack, Wm. J Stack, Wm Moore, T Scanlon, Thomas McMahon, Ml Buckley, J Quinlan, J Wm. O’Connor, Mce T Stack, Hugh Goulding, P O’Connor, Thomas O’Brien, J. Sheahan, T. Cahill, ete., etc.. On the motion of Mr.T.T. Leahy, seconded by Mr. Wm. R. Stack, Fr. Garvey was moved to the chair. . ; The Rev. Chairman, addressing the meeting, thanked them very heartily and sincerely for asking him to preside at the meeting, and having spoken for some length In praise of Canon O’Leary said it would always be a pleasure to him to preside at his parishioners meetings. (Break) Mr Casey, N.T. stated that ill health prevented him from attending. It was also decided that the presentation would be made in name of joint parishes. (see paper for more details).

Kerry Evening Star 1902-1914, Thursday, May 03, 1906; Page: 3
To the Editor.
Moyvane House, Newtownsandes, 30th April, 1906.
Dear Sir.—I intend asking the County Council at their Meeting on the 10th May to pass another resolution asking the Chief Secretary to give a grant towards the construction of a railway from Listowel to Tarbert, and to receive a deputation on the subject when he visits Kerry. I saw by a report in the papers that he intends doing so during the summer. I trust he may see his way to assist this most useful line, both to the Government, the people of the district and for the accommodation of tourists. I hope the Listowel Urban and District Councils will also pass resolutions in its favour. I intend holding meetings at Ballylongford and Tarbert on next court days to press forward the claims of this line. I am sure the press of Kerry will also advocate the necessity and utility of it.
I remain Yours faithfully.
M. J. Nolan.
I will get resolutions passed in its favour by the Kilrush Urban, and District Councils and Clare County Council. (see paper for more of letter).

Kerry Sentinel 1878-1916, Saturday, October 13, 1906; Page: 2
Presentation to the Very Rev Patrick Canon O’Leary, P.P, D.D, V.F, Dingle.
ON last Sunday a deputation from the united parishes of Newtownsandes and Knockanure, consisting of the Rev T J Lyne, C.C; Messrs Wm Stack, The Hill; Patrick Kennelly, Knockanure; Robert Keating, Newtown; C Lehane, Listrim; John M Hanrahan, R.D.C, Kilbaha, and David Brassil, Aughrim, waited on Canon O’Leary to present him with an illuminated address.
Mr C Lehane read the address as follows-VERY REV DEAR SIR,—It is with feelings of profound regret we learn of your removal from amongst us. During the three years we have been blessed with your spiritual guidance we have learned to appreciate the profound learning, the unostentatious piety, the strict impartiality and devotion to duty that had already won for you such a high reputation amongst the priesthood of Ireland.
Our spiritual welfare had your first and your constant attention. Your learned and practical discourses never failed to touch the hearts’ of your hearers. Your concern for the rising generation, and the words of advice and encouragement you addressed them shall long he remembered, and without doubt will not fail in due season to bring forth abundant fruit.
The devotion to the Sacred Heart which you instituted amongst us and the structural improvements in our churches bear testimony to your zeal and success in your sacred duties.

You never omitted an opportunity of advancing our temporal interests and your mediation on our behalf has enabled the greater part of the tenantry in those parishes to become peasant proprietors, which secures for them the happiness and content which they so much desire.
Our regret at your departure is alleviated by the thought that your well-merited promotion to the dignity of Canon in the important parish of Dingle will afford you an ampler theatre for the exercise of your goodness and charity.

You will have a larger congregation and a greater power of doing good there, which we know to be your one concern in life. Wishing you joy and success m your meritorious labours, we beg on behalf of the parishioners of Newtownsandes and Knockanure to subscribe ourselves your devoted children—P Garvey, P.P. President; T T Lyne, C.C, Treasurer ; W Stack, Timothy Scanlon, Wm. Collins. R.D.C; H Keating, Michael Ahern. Michael Finucane, J Mahony, P Lynch, D Shine, Timothy Leahy (senr), P Kennelly, C Lehane. D Brassil, M Hanrahan, R.D.C; J Barry, J Leahy, R Cunningham, J Sheehan, Thomas Leahy. H Goulding, W T Leahy, James O Connor.
The Very Rev Canon was deeply and visibly affected during the reading of the address, also during his reply, which was as follows:— See paper for the reply
The work was beautifully and artistically carried out by Miss Fitzpatrick, Clonliffy Road. Dublin.
Kerryman 1904-current, 13.10.1906, page 1, contains the same report as above about the presentation to Canon O’Leary, in Dingle, by Newtown and Knockanure parishioners..

Kerryman 1904-current, Saturday, March 09, 1907; Page: 8
Whereas the Killarney Rural District Council have duly made application to the Local Government Board for Ireland for the appointment of an Arbitrator in the matter of “The Killarney Rural District Labourers Order, 1906, Part 1”:
Now Notice is hereby given that, by an Order of the Local Government Board, dated the 19th day of February, 1907, Michael J. Nolan, Esq., J.P., of Moyvane, Newtownsandes, has been appointed Arbitrator to determine the purchase-money or compensation to be paid for the lands to be acquired for the purposes of the above-named Order, and that copies of the prescribed Maps and Schedules have been deposited in, and may be seen at, the Boardroom of the Killarney Rural District Council, in accordance with the provisions of the Second Schedule of the Housing of the Working Classes Act, 1890, on any week-day, from 11 o’clock, a.m., to 4 o’clock ‘p.m., (See paper for more)

Kerry People 1902-1928, Saturday, August 31, 1907; Page: 3
Notice of Arbitrator s Award- KILLARFEY RURAL DISTRICT.
The Killarney Rural District Labourers Order, 1906, Part II; The Labourers’ ( Ireland) Act, 1883 to 1906 and Acts incorporated therewith.
NOTICE I HEREBY GIVEN, that MICHAEL J. NOLAN , Esq., J.P., of Moyvane House, Newtownsandes, the Arbitrator appointed by the Local Government Board for Ireland between District Council of the above-named Rural District and the persons interested in the lands affected by the abovementioned Order, has made his award, and same has been deposited at the Office of the said Local Government Board, Custom House, Dublin and a copy thereof at the Office of the Clerk of the said Rural District Council. (see paper for more details)

Kerry News 1894-1941, Friday, January 31, 1908; Page: 3
Mr. M. J. Nolan, J.P., Moyvane House, Newtown Sandes, Co. Kerry, Vice-Chairman of the Kerry County Council, and Local Government Board Inspector, has been appointed by that Board to the very important position of seed inspector under the recent order for the distribution of seed potatoes and cereals to farmers through the various Boards of Guardians through the country. As a Local Government Board Inspector, Mr. Nolan has been most popular and successful, and in his new position the farmers of the country may rely on his obtaining for them the best quality at the most reasonable price possible. He leaves for the North of Ireland and Scotland in connection with his now appointment, in the course of a few days.

Kerry Evening Star 1902-1914, 10.06.1909, page 3
Death of Mrs M. J Nolan, Tarmon House, Tarbert on Friday morning after long illness at the age of 36. She was daughter of Michael O’Connor of Coilbee, Listowel and is sister of Rev. J O’Connor, C.C., Castletownbere, and cousin of Rev. J O’Connor, Secretary to his Lordship Dr. Mangan, and of Rev P. Keane C.C., Caherdaniel. Her husband is eldest son of Mr M J Nolan, J.P., Moyvane House, Newtownsandes. Her son is Michael Nolan, her brothers are Patrick and Daniel O’Connor. Her sisters are Mrs Barrett, Athea; Mrs Lynch, Kilflynn, and Lizzie O’Connor. (See paper for full list of cousins, which include O’Shea, Keane, Hayes and Flavin).

After the War

After War in Papers

Kerry People 1902-1928, Saturday, March 25, 1905; Section: Front page, Page: 1
The “Irish World” (New York) to hand contains the following announcements: —
GUIHEEN.—Maurice Guiheen, a well-known printer, and beloved son of the late John and Ellen Guiheen, native of Moorstown, parish of Keelgurrane, west of Dingle, county Kerry, died suddenly, at his home in St. Louis, Mo., on February 17. He came to this country with his parents in 1852, when nine years old, and learned the trade of printing in the Register office, Harrisonburgh , Va. At the outbreak of the Civil War he,- enlisted in the Confederate ranks in the old famous Stonewell brigade. He was promoted first lieutenant of his company, and was in every battle from Port Republic to Harper’s Ferry. He was wounded at Port Republic and was captured. He soon re-joined his command and fought in the Seven Days’ battle before Richmond. In the battle of Chancellorsville he was taken prisoner and sent to Fort Delaware, and kept there until after the war was over. While a prisoner of war in Fort Delaware his company promoted him captain. After coming home from prison he went to Niles, Mich., where he started the Niles Democrat. In a few years he sold his paper and came to St. Louis, and worked in the Globe-Democrat office for 30 years, until he died, aged 63. He leaves a wife in St. Louis and one brother, Michael Guiheen, at Springdale, W Va. May his soul rest in peace.
BURKE.—Robert P. Burke, Orange’s, N.J, veteran justice of the peace, died March 2, at his home, 160 Essex Avenue. He leaves a widow. He was for more than a quarter of a century a man of prominence in the Third Ward, Orange. He was born-in county Kerry, Ireland, and came to this country in 1848. At first he lived in Newark and Brooklyn, where he was a contractor. He became a clerk in the-New York Post Office, and later President Lincoln appointed him to a post in the New York Custom House, which he held until he came to Orange, about 35 years ago. He served as a commissioner of highways and was a member of the board of commissioners of appeals in cases of taxation at the time of his death.

Kerry Sentinel 1878-1916, Wednesday, May 22, 1907; Section: Front page, Page: 1
A Senator’s Death.
State Senator Thomas Connor, of Joplin, Mo, who died recently, was born in County Kerry, Ireland, in 1854, where they settled in Tiffin, O. At the age of nine years he was an orphan, and began the battle of life as a newsboy on a railroad. At the opening of the Civil War he was attached to Hancock’s corps, also as a newsboy, and delivered papers on the firing line. After the war he emigrated to the West, and became a cattle raiser in Montana, where he also prospected for a time. Later he moved to Joplin, when be accumulated his fortune through the purchase of seemingly worthless land, which later proved rich in its minerals, and became the source of the wealth. The amounts of his benefactions in religion no man knows. They are evidenced, however, in a small degree by his erection, of a $20,000 church at Tiffin, O ; by his gift of $IO,OOO to the church at Joplin; by his gift of three $15,000 churches to negro congregations; another $10.000 to the Children’s Home, and as one of the chief supporters of St John’s Hospital in the same place.

Killarney Echo and South Kerry Chronicle 1899-1920, Saturday, August 14, 1915; Page: 3
Mr. Joseph Devlin, M.P., is a courageous Irishman. He is a very eloquent and forcible speaker. When he is sure he is right he is always prepared to go ahead. Speaking the other day in Derry, he said:” They were sometimes asked what guarantees they had that the Home Rule Act would be put into operation even after the war. That is a fair question, and I make a straight answer. The faith, of Great Britain and Ireland, as represented by the King, Lords’ and Commons, is pledged to the Home Rule Act. The faith of the Liberal Party and of the democracy of Great Britain is pledged to it.” We cannot help submitting to Mr. Devlin, who is soon coming to Kerry, that these guarantees are not as binding even as scraps of paper. The spokesmen of the King, Lords and Commons of Great Britain are Messrs. Asquith, Bonar Law, Lloyd George, Balfour and Carson. The faith of these gentlemen in regard to Home Rule is very doubtful, and we cannot find where it has been pledged. The faith of the Liberal Party! Is it pledged by Mr. Asquith, who stated that the inclusion of Ulster in a Home Rule Act was an absolutely unthinkable thing unless Messrs. Carson and Company agreed? Can we rely on the faith of the Liberal Party that has been smashed to atoms by the same Mr. Asquith through, the formation of his Coalition Government, which only a week before he told us was an impossible arrangement? Besides, straws show how the wind blows, and the appointment of the Marquis of Londonderry as H.M. Lieutenant of Co. Down, and of the Right Hon. Sir David Harrell as a member of the Produce Committee, are to Ireland confirmation strong of where we stand to-day.
Mr. Devlin himself seems very dubious about all the faith and guarantees he spoke of, as in the end he fell back on “our own National Volunteers as the strongest, the surest; and the best guarantees that Ireland could have.” We fear that if the National Volunteers in other parts of Ireland resemble those in Kerry it would be a mistake to expect much from them in the making of Ireland a Nation once again. The strongest, the surest and the best guarantees that Ireland could have would be if Mr. Devlin and other patriotic men would shake themselves free of the un-Irish crowd that is at present fastening on the National movement, and, inspired by the sufferings’ and sacrifices of our fathers, lead us on to the goal of Ireland’s long cherished hopes and aspirations. Now’s the day and now’s the hour, to extract clear, explicit and reliable guarantees that all Ireland will receive a full measure of Home Rule financially and nationally sound in principle and details. If the blood-red fields of France and the grasses of the Gallipoli Peninsula are to be filled with Irishmen, the hearts of those they leave behind them must be filled with the absolute conviction that will satisfy not only the men on the watch towers but the men on the streets and along the countryside that all is well. Ireland’s representatives will have Ireland at their backs in-the vigorous advancement of Ireland’s National demands and rights.

Kerry Weekly Reporter 1883-1920, Saturday, August 15, 1914; Page: 2

To the Editor! ” Irish Independent.” Sir,—In our present state of national hysterics over the scare of a German- invasion there is grave danger that we shall get England out of her difficulties, and get nothing in return but ” twenty years of resolute government.” England is giving us plenty of “_plamas” but no promise of passing Home Rule without mangling, amendments.
At the time of the Boer war we had the same flattery and cajoling of Ireland. I lived then in England, and I know that those who were most enthusiastic in waving green flags and singing “What do you think of the Irish now?” were, when the danger was over, the bitterest enemies of Home Rule and the protagonists of “resolute government.” Chamberlain, after the war, jeered at the Irish for not having had the courage to take advantage of England’s difficulty. If we do not keep our heads the same thing will happen again. After the war, when the bill comes to be paid, the same thing will probably happen as happened in 1906. The Government will be driven from power and the Tories will come into office. Then, with the danger past and our enemies in power, what will happen to Home Rule?. There is very little doubt about what will happen.
” A GRAVE DANGER.” A grave danger to the National Volunteers will be the entry of Unionists into their ranks. If these become officers and acquire influence they will try, at the conclusion of the war, to bring about the disbanding and disarming of the Volunteers, with the same sad result as in 1782. It is humiliating to see some of our National Volunteers cheering for England which has not yet given us Home Rule, accepting gifts of Union Jacks, and volunteering for foreign service where they can be no good to Ireland, and will only be used to screen the English troops from bullets as happened in South Africa. I am ready to take my share in the defence of my country if Home Rule be passed, but, until that is done, I, for one, will not lift a finger to save Ireland for England. I see that Territorials, the scum of England, are being sent to garrison Ireland. That is against the spirit of the offer made by Mr. Redmond and should not be tolerated. He said: ”.Take away your troops, and we will defend our shores.” But they propose to send us Territorials instead or Regulars. SEAGHAN P. MacENRI.

Southern Star 1892-current, Wednesday, October 07, 1914; Page: 2
Headlines; Irish- Americans and the war- Rebuke by “Chicago Citizen” and GAA Organ of unjustifiable attacks on Mr Redmond.
Zealous than prudent in the past, and perhaps whose motives in many cases have been based more on jealousy than, patriotism.” “From your experience in Ireland do you believe a policy of sympathy with England is the best for the future interests of Ireland. “That is my personal opinion. A policy of antagonism to England in her difficulty would strengthen the hands of Carson. He could cry out to the English people after the war, ‘I told you Ireland could not be trusted, and the old Salisbury doctrine of ‘Resolute Government, might come back again. On the other hand, in case Germany should win and got hold of Ireland, German preponderance and aggression would in short order, force the Irish from their country. I rather think that Irish-American, pro German sentiment strongly pronounced is not good for the fatherland. I believe that the Irish in America should be ready largely to submit their, judgment to the old war horses, Redmond, Dillon, O’Connor and their trusty Irish Party.- These men have spent their lives on the ground.’ It is bad business to change horses while crossing the stream. “Unity in support of the Irish Party should be the Irish-American watch-word until that Party’ proves -unworthy. Ireland at home is at their back. Ireland in-America should be with Ireland at home.” JOSEPH M’NAMEE Pastor-St. David’s Church. Chicago.
(Note T W Russell reports that all counties have increased area sown, one seed firm in Kerry reports they sold ten times last year’s amount. See paper for list)

Kerry News 1894-1941, Friday, April 16, 1915; Page: 4

A representative committee is being organised in Chicago to assist Mr. Donal O’Connor in his plan for opening a bureau of Irish-made goods.(says the “Chicago Citizen” to hand). The Irish Industrial Development Association of Cork, Ireland, is supporting the movement heartily, and appeals to all Irish-Americans to support the project to the best of their ability. Ireland will need an opening for her manufactures after the war, which is playing such havoc with her few remaining industries. A plan is under way to organise a big outdoor event in the early summer to raise the necessary capital to finance the proposed bureau, Committees are also actively at work in New York, Boston, Worcester, and Provid- success.—Ed. Kerry News.)
(Mr. Donal O’Connor is a Tralee man who is now well known in America having organised several entertainments under the auspices of the Gaelic League in the big cities of America. We congratulate him on his enterprise and wish the project of success —Ed. Kerry News.

Skibbereen Eagle 1882-1922, Saturday, May 08, 1915; Page: 3

arrangement that all members shall be returned for their present seats. The third is to pass a short Act extending the life of the present Parliament for a specified period after the war. He considers that the situation will be met by the adoption of the third of the expedients. Assuming that that course is preferred, it will be adopted with the assent of the Opposition, if the extension of the life of the present Parliament be limited to the period of one year after the close of the war. Sir Henry points out that ” it does not necessarily follow that in the interval the truce that now reigns at Westminster shall be preserved.”

” John Bull” this week says :—Some of the Brigands who are now robbing the public with both hands may seek Parliamentary honours” after the war, but we, are making a note of them.——-
The bombardment of Dunkirk has surprised London painfully. It has brought the war to a point so near to them that the sounds of the bursting shells can almost be heard by English Coast residents. That even such specialists as the Germans are in the building of arms could produce a gun able to bombard a fortress twenty-five miles away seems impossible. But it has evidently been done.
On Saturday, at ‘A o’clock, a large and representative meeting, convened by the Lord Mayor was held in the Council Chamber, Municipal Buildings, Cork, to protest against the excessive taxes imposed on the liquor industries of the country. The Right Hon. The Earl of Bandon, K.P.,presided.
The pigs killed in Ireland last week, though 3,700 more than in the corresponding week of last year, are just at the 1913 level. The export of pigs from Irish ports are, however, a thousand, or 67 per cent, more than in 1914. So far this year pig-killing in Ireland exceeds that of the first seventeen weeks of 1913 by 55,000, “equivalent- to 13 per cent.
Sir Edward Carson has sent the following communication to a Belfast -correspondent :—” As I have received several communications with reference to a rumour that the Ulster Division is being kept at home for political reasons and is not to be sent abroad, I am able to state on authority that there is no truth in the rumour.”
The Dublin bakers announced on Monday that the price of the 21b. loaf was raised to 4d. The last rise took place only a fortnight ago.
According to reliable news from Constantinople, 5,000 Turkish wounded have arrived there from the Dardanelles.
The secret of the bombardment of Dunkirk is revealed in the French communique. Krupps have been working for two months in the neighbourhood of Dixmude, installing a naval gun capable of shooting at a very long range. This is the gun that has been used to bombard Dunkirk, shooting over a range of about twenty-three miles. Presumably, this is one of the big guns that were to have been mounted at Calais, when the Germans got there, to give them control of the Straits of Dover. The communique gives room for hope that this big gun will not last long, since only nine shells have been fired during the two bombardments.
A carpenter named Michael M’Carthy, of Grillough, Lismire, lies at the Kanturk Union Hospital , suffering from severe injuries to the head and body. Denis Walsh, a labourer, living at Lismire , has been arrested in connection with the occurrence, and is now in custody at Kanturk Police Barrack.
Asked what struck him most about the battle for Hill Sixty, an Irish soldier replied that he was only concerned with what missed him most.
Girls are now employed as lift attendants. Another instance of the elevating influence of woman.
Germany’s submarines are extending their zone of operations, as is shown by the sinking of the Russian cellier Sworono, 4,700 tons, while en route from a Welsh port to Archangel, which took place fourteen miles West -south-west of the Basket Islands, off the Kerry coast. The crew of 24 were rescued. The U 23, which torpedoed this coal-laden steamer, is doubtless in quest of higher game.

– The Lord Mayor of Newcastle states he has been asked by Lord Kitchener to call together forthwith the heads of the wholesale and retail houses in all trades with a view to immediate action to release for voluntary military service all men of recruit able age: It has been represented to the lord Mayor that the gravity of the national situation demands nothing less than the mobilisation of our whole national resources, both of men and material.
The Sinn Fein Party are reported to be contemplating running a candidate against the Nationalist nominee for the College Green Division of Dublin caused by the death of Mr. Nannetti.
Mr. T. R. Hepple, well known to the residents in the congested areas of Kerry through his work as an engineer under the C.D.B., has received a commission in the Irish Rifles.
Last week there died at Waterville a woman named Mrs. Margaret Doherty, who lived to the extraordinary age of 104 years. Mrs. Doherty was a native of Cloghereen, Killarney, her maiden name being Connor. She enjoyed good health and was well able to move about till close on five score years of age. Since then she has been practically confined to
A London paper apropos of the threatened Zeppelin raid says: —One morning we will read something startling in the newspapers.
Irish farmers should note, that in the opinion of the Board of Agriculture those of them who invest in horse-breeding are assured of success. After the war the demand on the Continent for horses will be enormous. The war has depleted the United Kingdom very largely of draught horses of the various heavy breeds, so much so that an animal of this class in sound condition, which would have fetched £45 before the outbreak of war, is now worth about £70. Where roads are not available motor haulage is useless at the front, and there is still a demand for draught horses for artillery and transport purposes. —————
A doctor, returned from the front states that everybody in the Royal Army Medical Corps is praying for a cold, wet summer in Flanders as the best preventive of disease. So far sickness has been distributed geographically.———-
The Germans have forbidden the use of the French language in Belgium.————
1,800 labourers engaged on the Government Housing Scheme at Woolwich have struck for an increased wage.

Kerry News 1894-1941, Friday, August 06, 1915; Page: 2
We were told to wait for competitive examination until Home Rule would come. Mr. William O’Brien, writing to a Kerry man, says: ” The present Home Rule Act is financially rotten, and if put into operation in its present shape it would be a misfortune for Ireland.” “But,” he added. ” there is every reason to hope that some new Federal Bill acceptable to Ulster be framed and passed by consent into law after the war is over.” On the other hand, Mr. Redmond, speaking at Thurles, said Home Rule was placed on the Statute Book, and “ if necessity arose it would demand their lives to defend it. To contemplate the possibility of its withdrawal or reverse would be an avowal of cowardice.” Here we have very different opinions expressed by Irish leaders. We are frequently told that the future Irish Parliament will have more power than Grattan’s Parliament. Some people, in reply, suggest it will have more power to tax its own people than any previous Parliament. This would not confer a great benefit. Taxes are exactly what we do not want, (See paper for more).
Also mentioned is marriage of Edith Creagh of Listowel and the golden wedding of Lord and lady Listowel, he was a veteran of Crimean war. Letter from Mrs Foran of Listowel on child welfare.

Kerryman 1904-current, Saturday, January 22, 1916; Page: 3
Surely the freights, which were blamed for advances of all sorts after the war broke out, have not been seized; by a second spasm!? To what, then, can we attribute the rapid advance which, in the space of a few months , has lifted the selling price of meal from 26s to 36s a sack.
“Daylight robbery” is a very ugly, a most repulsive expression to use. But doesn’t the harsh and unconscionable exploitation of the needs of the poor present to us a far more hideous and loathsome aspect than does the use of a merely opprobrious epithet? (See paper for much more on subject)
Cost of coal is also causing concern and then the two clubs in Tralee, have the more access to drink than the restricted ordinary pub licence, and quotes the Dublin recorder and his views.
Then there is a complaint that printing was being done in other counties for Kerry firms and council.
Another complaint was withdrawing grants made heretofore in aid of Irish educational schemes, Fr Breen of St Michael’s complained and so did the dean of Kerry at a recent meeting. Another complaint was Irish people being educated in posh schools in England. Lastly a complaint between two watchmen in regard to flooding. Meal being sold in Ardfert for 29s per sack and in Tralee for 35s. (see paper for full report)

Kerry Press 1914-1916, Thursday, February 17, 1916; Page: 2
I heard a good story a few days ago regarding two N.T.’s and School Inspector Little (who was neither my pride nor my joy in falls, as the Yankees say, of the late ’90’s).
(See paper for the story)
Lieut. Edmond B. Slattery, youngest son of Mr. J. M. Slattery, J.P., has been invalided home from Salonika. Lieut. Slattery, who has been, through six engagements,- and who was rather severely wounded, was confined to a London Hospital for the past few months. He arrived in Tralee on Saturday last, where he was warmly greeted by his many friends who trust it will not be long before he has fully recovered.——–
It would seem that those who make the balls are a good deal better paid than those who fire them.
I read in a daily paper a few days ago that boys who were getting 8s. per week as messengers before the war, now earn as much as 30s weekly in connection with munition making. And full blown munition workers make anything from £2 to £.3 10s a week.
The paper which dwelt on the prevailing munition workers-wage scale though that serious labour difficulties would arise, after the war, and held that even the boys would then be loath to go from 30s per week back to the pre-war messenger boy wage rate of 8s. per week. The writer in question urged on parents and guardians that they should save now what they can, so that they may be able to afford better education later on for the boys who will have to back and “grind” when the war is
over. (See paper for discussion on wages and arbitration also discussed in NZ)

Freemans Journal 1763-1924, Friday, June 16, 1916; Page: 4
(From Our Own Correspondent.) London, Friday Morning.
The Prime Ministers references at Ladybank to the Imperial Conference which is to be held after the war have greatly stimulated the interest aroused early in the week by Mr. Redmond’s announcement on the subject. Everyone realises that such a gathering will constitute one of the greatest landmarks in the history of the British Empire. The links which bind the Colonies to the United Kingdom have, as Mr. Asquith proudly boasted, been wonderfully proved in the war, but so far from this being an argument for allowing , their relations to continue on the old lines, it is generally felt to be a reason why the Colonies which have shown such magnificent loyalty should be given it larger share in the direction and management of the whole Imperial concern. (See paper for more, mentioned the Irish problem and the diversity of Colonial opinion) Mr. Lloyd George has promised to attend the dinner at the Irish Club on the 23rd inst. The club president is Viscount Gough. Film Censor, drugs and shortage of fruit mentioned, also bad weather.

Anglo-Celt 1846-current, Saturday, July 01, 1916; Page: 8
On Thursday, counsel for the defence argued that there was nothing whatever to show that Sir Roger Casement did more than endeavour to raise an Irish Brigade, to defend the people in other parts of Ireland against the action of those in the North.
The Attorney-General replied that the code which was discovered was a damning piece of evidence, showing that the prisoner asked Germany to send him arms and further munitions, and that plans existed for a hostile landing and that, in short, there was no substance whatever in the case put forward for the defence..
The Lord Chief Justice, summing up, said the jury might ask themselves why Germany should arm and equip Irish soldiers merely to fight Ulster after the war, and why the prisoner gave a false name and address when he was arrested on the Kerry coast.
The jury found the prisoner guilty, and he was sentenced to death.
Casement claimed that he should have been tried by an Irish jury.

Kerry News 1894-1941, Wednesday, July 12, 1916; Page: 4

DEMAND FOR THEIR RELEASE. Mr James Woulfe presided over the quarterly meeting which on this occasion was held in the boardroom instead of the Courthouse as hitherto. There was a fairly large attendance of members.
SURVEYOR’S REPORT. From the report of the Co. Surveyor, Mr. Singleton Goodwin, who was in attendance, the roads were in fairly good order, and in a good number of cases the supplies of materials were fairly forward. He should, however, warn them to be prepared for a much heavier outlay owing to the increase in prices both in labour and material. On the motion to proceed with the consideration of new works.
Mr John Trant objected on the grounds that there was a resolution in the minutes of twelve months ago adjourning the consideration of all new works until after the war. A heated discussion followed pro and con, but eventually on the Assistant Clerk, Mr. Thomas O’Connell, producing the minutes, it was seen that the consideration of new works had been only adjourned for 12 months, and that period had elapsed since the passing of the resolution.
Mr. J. O’Connell moved that a fence be made on the road leading from Lixnaw to Kilfeighney church, 120 perches at 4s. per perch.
Mr. W. McCarthy seconded. Mr. P. Trant objected on the ground that the fence would be of no public utility, or necessity and that it would be practically only for the proposer’s own benefit. He (Mr. O’Connell) was a comfortable man and well able to make a fence for himself if he wanted it. He (Mr. Trant) asked to have the County Surveyor’s report read in connection with the application. The Clerk read from the report:— “This fence has been made by the occupier of the land, and as it is for his own benefit I don’t see why the district should be called upon to pay for it;”
Mr. Trant—After that do what you like, but I propose that the application be thrown out.
Mr. Kearney—And I second you. At this time- a large number of the members had left the room, but Mr. Trant said he was satisfied to have-the question put to a division, and this having been done the application was thrown out by 9 votes to 3 .
Other applications were rejected on technical grounds, agreements for the land not having been signed, these including an application by Mr. P Trant . M.C.C, for the making of a new road from the main road from Tralee to Listowel at Kilshenane to the cemetery, which it was admitted was very necessary.
Mr. E . Mulvihill moved that Mr Cornelius Singleton contractor, be allowed £100 compensation for delay occasioned in his not being allowed to start work in making a new line of road and bridge on same between Jas. Mahony’s gate, Leitrim; and Moriarty’s cross, Tullamore.

Mr. J. Sheehy had much pleasure in seconding the motion. Mr. Singleton was a most popular and able contractor who always gave the public the greatest possible satisfaction and had suffered at least the amount claimed for him and should be compensated. The County Surveyor reported that Mr. Singleton had been delayed for 3 years, and in the meantime material went up very considerably. His claim was a reasonable one.
Mr. J. Lynch—We’re all satisfied. The application was passed unanimously subject to sanction.
Mr. J. Barrett said he had a resolution to propose which he felt certain would meet with the sympathy and support of the meeting. It was:— ” Resolved—That we the members of the Listowel Rural District Council respectfully ask the Government to release or bring to trial at once ; the Kerrymen arrested in connection with the recent rebellion, and especially do we demand the release of Mr. Thomas Slattery and Mr. Thomas J. McCarthy, Tralee , gentlemen of unblemished character and high social standing. Neither of those gentlemen no more than several of the other Kerrymen took any part in the movement, and we, therefore, ask those in authority to order the release of those men or otherwise; their immediate trial. “We further ask our Clerk to forward a copy of this resolution to Mr. Samuel, Sir John Maxwell, and our Parliamentary representative , Mr. M. J. Flavin.” Mr. Daniel Mangan had much pleasure in seconding the resolution so ably prospered by his colleague, Mr. Barrett, and in doing so said it was a terrible hardship on men like Mr . Slattery, a big merchant, and Mr. McCarthy, to be interned indefinitely without knowing for what. The other members of the Council heartily concurred with the terms of the resolution which was passed unanimously. The meeting adjourned.

The Liberator (Tralee) 1914-1939, Tuesday, August 22, 1916; Page: 2
Some significant pronouncements on the Irish situation have been forthcoming within the past few days from prominent Unionists like Lord Derby and Lord Selborne. There was a remarkable similarity between the utterances of these two peers—so much so that one could be pardoned for suspecting that their statements were inspired. Both extolled the self-sacrificing patriotism of Mr. John Redmond, and Lord Derby was rather profuse in his eulogies of the services which Major William Redmond, M.P., had rendered. The substance of their oratorical effusions was that Home Rule was on the Statute Book, and should get a fair trial after the war,
“WHEN IT HAD BEEN MODIFIED TO THE EXTENT IF ATTACHING TO IT NECESSARY SAFEGUARDS. What these “safeguards” are supposed to consist of has not materialised in the statement of either of the noble lords-, but we may assume that the exclusion of a large portion of Ulster will again be insisted on. The plea to the Unionists of England, which is urged in very plausible language, to give the amended Home Rule Act a trial, may prove successful, but it will yet be demonstrated that, amongst all the contracting parties, the Irish people fill a rather prominent place, and that the Irish must be satisfied before any system of governing this country can possibly attain to success. .
Month’s Mind Ceremonies in Tralee. The Month’s Mind for the late Rev. Thomas Lawlor, P.P., Killorglin, was held in Saint John’s Parish Church, Tralee, on Monday morning. (see paper for long list attending.)
Where the Water of Listowel Workhouse was Going to.
Urban Council Take Successful Action Against Guardians,
(Before Messrs H. R. Jones, R.M. and J. C. Harnett.) There were a few cases of ordinary drunkenness in which the usual fines were imposed. DISORDERLY CONDUCT. Sergeant Byrne summoned a man named Lyons for disorderly conduct which consisted of kicking at the door of Mr. L. Buckley, William Street and which it was stated had connection with the distribution of the Clieveragh farm, The defence was mistaken identity but on hearing the evidence of the complainant supported by Const. Byrne the bench bound the defendant to the peace. WASTE OF WATER. The Urban Council as Sanitary Authority prosecuted the Listowel Board of Guardians for waste of water in that institution on three different occasions.(see paper for report)

The Liberator (Tralee) 1914-1939, Thursday, October 05, 1916; Page: 3
gration when they know the worth of Irishmen as lighting men they stop emigration to keep them at home that weekly a few might go to light for England’s glory and nothing for Ireland but to wait until after the war. (hear, hear). What was to stop England in June, 1914, giving Home Rule to Ireland. Had they given it then the men who were now opposing the threats of conscription would give it their support. They had a starving agricultural little country, without trade or commerce or manufactures. He was sorry that Mr. Redmond and the Irish Party before they started the recruiting campaign did not say that the shores of Ireland would be defended by Irishmen (hear, hear). Mr. Redmond and his Party were now going to oppose conscription. “Why did they not oppose it when they had an opportunity? He was not one of those men who would set one party against another, but he should say that the present Irish Parliamentary Party has as hopelessly failed as ever a, Party, in God’s earthly world. Many the Convention he (Mr. O’Shea) trotted up to Dublin for and left his bed at three o’clock in the morning for a minor little question, but why would not a Conscription convention of the Irish people be summoned to give expression to the views of the people. The Party want to divide the country. Redmond divided the Volunteers and is trying to divide the people to attain his own selfish ends
“Shame, ”interjected Mr. E. Fitzgerald. (see paper for more)
AUSTIN STACK SUNDAY. Meeting of Listowel Sub-Committee. The “Permit” Question.
We take the following from the “Kerry Evening Post” :— A very large meeting of the people of Listowel was held in the Reading Room of the Carnegie Library on Monday night, with the view of making arrangements for the prosecution of a collection to defray the large legal expenses incurred in connection with the trial of Austin Stack, who received a life sentence for his association with the recent Rebellion. Mr. Daniel J. Flavin, J.P., U.D.C., chairman, presided and amongst others present were—Messrs. J. Tackaberry, Mi. Woulfe, Ed. Browne, T. J. Murphy, S. Barrett, Wm. Hayes, Willie O’Sullivan, P. Landers, John J. O’Quigley, P. O’Sullivan, Rd. Barrett, E. J. Gleeson, Joseph O’Mahony, J. J. Foley, James Sugrue, Patrick Griffin, hon. sec. ; P. Guerin, W. Horgan, etc. The Hon. Secretary read a letter from the Rev. M. Keane, P.P., Newtownsandes, stating he could not permit a collection being made at his chapel gate on Sunday as it would interfere with the Peter Pence collection.

Mr. Landers said that it was an extraordinary thing that collections could be made outside the chapel gates for the Belgians and Poles without breaking any rule of the Church , but Father Keane, who was supposed to be one of the people could not see hs way at all to allow a collection for the dependents of those who died for Ireland (hear, hear). An Irishman must be a different class of animal to any other animal, especially in his own country (laughter). Things he thought were, being carried a little too far as they were in Portugal.
Mr. Tackaberry—As regards the Listowel collection, Mr. Lawlor, parish clerk , told him there could be no collection immediately at the chapel gate, but it could be hold near it. In the course of a discussion which followed, it was mentioned that the poster in connection with the Stack collection put up in Knockanure, which is a joint parish with Newtown, was pulled down by a person immediately connected with the parish church. It was stated that they would be put up again. The Chairman remarking that was the district where the strongest supporters of Mr. Stack resided. A communication from the committee from Tralee was read stating they were negotiating about a permit to collect towards the object, and when they had received that, they would inform the Listowel Committee when the collection could be commenced and proceeded with. Mr. O’Quigley proposed to proceed with the collection and take no notice of the proclamation against it at all. If they could’nt do that they could not walk the streets at all. Chairman— Well, I propose that the collection goes on with or without a permit. Mr. Gleeson suggested that they wait till they learned whether the people of Tralee got the Government permit before they took any action. If they got the permit well and good; but if Tralee refused to collect without a- permit he did not see why should Listowel collect either, and they would not (hear. hear). The question was then adjourned until the information was received from Tralee as to the permit.
The Chairman said they should not separate without expressing their sympathy with the family and friends of the late Mr. Jack O’Reilly a popular Tralee man who came home to his native town to die as, it was believed, a result of his long internment in Frongoch in connection with the Dublin rebellion.

The Liberator (Tralee) 1914-1939, Saturday, November 25, 1916; Page: 2
Member asks if Dingle Railway comes Under the Ban.
TRALEE , Saturday.
At the meeting of the above in the Railway Hotel to–day, Mr. J Lawlor presided. There were also present—Messrs. J. Harrington, N Stack, D. Baily (Hon. Sec.) D. Hayes, Killorglin ; D. Lawlor, Causeway ; P. Slattery, Tralee: S. Grady, Lixnaw; TV. Mangan, Tullig; D. McSweeney, Kilcummin ; J. Sheehan, Listowel; D. Glavin, O’Dorney; J. Purtell, Listowel; J. Cremmins, Ballydonoghue; D. Collins, and Jas Hrate, Dromlough.
CANCELLED TRAINS. The Secretary said they had to consider what action would be taken now that the authorities had cancelled the train fixtures. Mr. N. Stack—On the last day I was to propose that we adjourn the championships for no other reason than the weather was bad, but we decided to go through with the championships this year. Now the action of the military authorities has come down and it is imperative for us to stand fast- until Martial Law is withdrawn. Mr. Harrington—Do you mean to postpone the matches?—Mr. Hayes—Until after the war. Mr. Stack—No; until April when the weather will. I hope, be fine again. Mr. Lawlor—There is a new order now that all the excursion trains be stopped. Chairman-—That is the only thing we can do—abandon the matches until that order is withdrawn. The Secretary said it was a great hardship after printing posters and making all arrangements, that the matches could not be brought off. Mr. Harrington said the Government deserved a vote of thanks for cancelling the trains as the weather last Sunday was very bad. Mr. Lawlor thought there were only a few matches that would be of any profit to the County Board and asked if there would be any possibility of running matches locally up to the final and semi-final which could be played in Tralee. Chairman—You cannot stir between Killarney and Killorglin. If you play the match you won’t make anything out of it. With regard to Derrynane and Portmagee, the Chairman said Derrynane would have to came under the military ban too? Mr. Hayes—They are quite safe back there as regards weather. He further stated that the Killarney-Killorglin game would make money. Chairman—You will have to wait; you cannot come by aeroplane. (Laughter). Mr. Lawlor asked if the Dingle Railway came under the military bann too? Chairman—Yes. It was eventually decided to play off the following matches- winners of Derrynane v Portmagee against Valentia, at Caherciveen. Tralee Juniors v. Dingle Juniors at Dingle on December 10. Referee. Mr. P. O’Shea. Tralee v. Farranfore at Farranfore on 17th December. Lixnaw v. Kilmoyley and Tullig v Tubrid at Causeway on 10th December.
MR. HARRINGTON’S MOTION. The motion of Mr. Harrington—”That no new player be added to the County Register from the 11th November. 1916 unless he first has the consent of the Club in the parish he resides in, or the consent of the nearest affiliated club to where he resides” was passed unanimously.
DTSTRIBUTION OF MEDALS. With regard to the Junior and Senior Munster Championship Medals a letter was read from Mr. J. O’Leary. Killarney. Chairman—You appointed a sub-committee to go into that matter the last day. Mr. Harrington—I propose we mark as read. Chairman—We should ask Mr. O’Leary to attend at the next meeting. Mr. Harrington—I think that is a sort of dictating to the County Board. The letter was marked read. REFUSED. On a show of hands, applications for transfers to the Listowel Hurling Club were refused. Adjourned.

The Liberator (Tralee) 1914-1939, Thursday, November 23, 1916; Page: 3
to him or to any deserving officer, but really they did not know where they were at present owing to the war. His Union was called upon to pay £1,000 for the upkeep of 64 children here. Let it be a war bonus, for all salaries would be revised after the war. A member said the Christian Brothers were granted a war bonus. Mr. Lawlor said that was a different matter ; the Brothers had to buy their food, but this man was fed here and it was all alike to him what the cost of provisions were. Mr. Drew agreed to Mr. Collins suggestion to have the £5 a year be granted as a war bonus, and the Board were unanimous on the matter. On the motion of Mr. Lawlor the time of future meetings of the Board was fixed at 2 p.m. instead of 1.45. The next meeting will be held on the 18th December.

Inch House, Aunascaul. November 20th, 1916
Dear Sir,—I was amazed and more than alarmed to see an advertisement in the Press from the Tralee and Dingle Railway Co., Ltd. giving notice to increase rates on passenger parcels and merchandise to the extent of 10 per cent., and to abolish all special rates -local and through. This would be an increase on the barony of Corkaguiny of £1,100, as the earnings of the Line are about £11,000. It would be DOUBLY ROBBING PETER TO PAY PAUL
—as the passengers, parcels, etc., would he solely the traffic of the line in the barony through which it runs, and would add the above amount to what we are paying already —half of between £6,000 and £7,000; whereas, if this infamous attempt were not made and things left as they are—like all the other railways in Ireland—in trying times, the whole guaranteeing area would contribute as usual, as our barony is paying its guarantees.
(see paper for more of letter from Justin McCarthy. Also in paper Kenmare man Ml O’Shea drowned; Flooding at Beaufort mentioned in Parliament by Mr Boland)

Kerry News 1894-1941, Wednesday, March 21, 1917; Page: 3
Among those who attended the meeting of the Irish Club in London, at which Viscount Gough presided, and at which Lord Northcliffe spoke on an Irish settlement were— ,Sir Francis Vane, .Mr. John McKean, M.P., (Ind. N.), South Monaghan; Sir Maurice Fitzmaurice (late chief engineer, London County Council and a well-known Kerry man.)
Lord Northcliffe admitted that the Irish industries were neglected and that Ireland should have, some system of home government.
It is surprising how many now see the industrial possibilities there are in Ireland. Since Mr. Ford started negotiations in Cork, a great many people have become interested in the country’s sources.
In a Welsh newspaper received by us this week. Poems are published in the Welsh Language.
The Welsh people speak the Welsh language in the home, and on the streets: it is the language of the countryside it is spoken also at public board’s, courts, etc.
How strange it would be considered if it was proposed to speak Irish in the law courts here.
But the time may come when we shall hear sweet sounds of the Gaelic tongue there too.
The cost of the war is mounting lip rapidly.
We are now told it is over C7,000,000 a day.
We are promised new and heavy Additional taxation in the new Budget.
Food shortage, excessive prices, hardships, are some of the daily experiences at present.
The charges for maintenance in the Kerry County Infirmary have been increased.
Hitherto the charge was 7s weekly, for patients in public wards, and I0s 6d for those in private wards.
These figures have been increased to 12s and £1 Is Od respectively.
The cost of food, etc., has gone up and hence the increase in the charges, otherwise the ratepayers would have to pay.
By the way under the Insurance Act the maximum benefit for the sick worker was 10s weekly.
Is he to get any increase on this? So far no one has suggested that he should.
In many instances he experiences great difficulty in getting anything at all.
If we take the I0s what, is its purchasing power now as compared with pre-war times’s

The figures submitted by the auditor at the Tralee and Fenit Harbour Board meeting show that there has been a great falling off in the ports trade for the year 1916.
The tonnage in and out for the year amounted to 53,642 tons as compared with 97521 tons in 1915., showing a decrease of 43.879 tons.
What would the reduction be if for comparison purpose a pre-war year was selected.
The total revenue for the year amounted to £3763-12s-7d. as against £6081 -8s-10d. for 1915
a decrease of £2.320 16s 3d.
The total expenditure for 1916 was £3124 13s 1d as compared with £3971 8s 1d for 1815 showing a reduction of £846 15s 0d.
In some places while revenue has decreased expenses have gone up. But we are glad to say that this has not been the case at Tralee port.
War conditions are of course responsible for the great falling off in the trade of the port.
(Break see paper on more comments on the port)

The Harbour Board members are divided on the new time proposals. Mr. O’Keeffe proposed a resolution protesting against the application of the Summer Time Act to Ireland, which Mr . McSweeney supported as did the chairman (Mr M J Kelliher, J.P.)
But Col Rowan and Mr. Carlton were in favour of the measure, so the matter was postponed.
Whatever difference of opinion there may be in urban areas on the question, there is but one opinion in rural districts, and that is, that Irish time should have been left as it was.
Sparrows, dog fish, etc., are among we latest of the many new food dishes Proposed.
(Report that many children on streets during school hours)

The Liberator (Tralee) 1914-1939, Tuesday, February 12, 1918; Section: Front page, Page: 1
themselves alongside so that they might, receive the” torpedoes instead of the battleships. Paying a ‘tribute to trawlers, he said the Grand Fleet could not exist without them. The deeds of the Mercantile Marine would fill a page of history brighter than any other that would be written after ‘the war. In-spite of recent submarine-attacks on shipping in the Irish Sea. I am told on high naval authority, says ” Club man of the “Pall Mall Gazette.” ‘”that the route between England and Ireland is easily the safest of any in home waters. During the winter months it is absolutely impossible to close any channel, however narrow, in such a way as to keep out submarines, since the winter gales make, short work of nets and other fixed obstructions.
At the last meeting of the above there was a vote of thanks passed to Mr.P.W. Palmer R.D.C. for the very able and lucid explanation given by him in support, of the Sinn Fein cause at the Kenmare Board Guardians. (Break)
Other news, Razors rationed; Killarney Guardians and food supply; Harbour Board drifting towards insolvency, before war 100,000 tons imported and now 33,000 tons into Fenit. (Break)

PEACE WITH GERMANY. Forces To Be Demobilised..

Following upon the conclusion of peace between the Ukrainian Republic and the Central Powers and the German ultimatum to Rumania, comes news on Monday that Russia has declared war at an end and has given orders for the complete demobilisation of the Russian forces on all fronts. This decision was announced at Brest-Litovsvk on Monday by the President of the Russian delegation that whilst war was declared ended they were, not desirous of singing a formal peace treaty.

Kerry News 1894-1941, Friday, June 21, 1918; Page: 2

The nations are looking to their future interests. Already arrangements are being made forextending trade operations after the war. Unfortunately we in Ireland are in a peculiar position for we are not free to do anything in this way. People tell us, of course, that we are, but we have had experiences which leave no doubt in our minds. When it comes to a question of starting large industries we realize the big obstacles in the way and how we are compelled to submit to the decisions of others who have no interest in the future of this country. One effect of the war has been that a much larger area of land is under crops. More food is produced in the country and we are becoming a self-supporting nation. If after the war we could make the necessary arrangements to preserve the interests of our own producers our position would be vastly improved. But the laws are made for us by others and these laws suit their conditions not ours. In letters which we published with regard to mills and milling and the use of oatmeal as a food, it was stated by a gentleman whose co-operation was invited, in establishing an oatmeal mill in Kerry, that after the war the old conditions would prevail and people would bring in the food from foreign countries. The importation of food which could be produced at home is one of the chief causes of decline of trade in Ireland. The Irish money goes to provide work for others. After the war we should do our utmost even in face of difficulties to maintain tillage operations, produce our own food and also to establish industries of one kind or another. Perhaps the time will come soon when we shall be no longer hampered by restrictions from abroad.

The Liberator (Tralee) 1914-1939, Thursday, December 12, 1918; Section: Front page, Page: 1
A soldier of the Middlesex Regiment one of the 400 prisoners returned from Germany, who arrived at Cannon street station on Tuesday, related an astonishing story. He was taken prisoner in 1916, and finally he succeeded in escaping. For six days he hid in the ditches, but he became so exhausted that he decided to risk capture by asking for food at a small farm house. He entered, half expecting to find soldiers billeted in the house. The only occupant was an old woman, who was wailing at the bedside of her daughter, who had died that morning. Being able to speak a little French, he succeeded in persuading the old woman to let him impersonate the daughter. The mother’s greatest objection was to his suggestion that he should bury the body of the daughter in the garden, but on his pointing out that the body could easily be taken up after the war and buried with proper religious observance, she agreed. He buried the girl that night, and for six months wore her clothes and worked in the fields. A few of the neighbouring cottiers were told, but they kept the secret.
Lord Bledesloe, Chairman of the Sugar Commission, announces manufacturers will get double their voucher allowances as from December 30th, and caterers one-seventh to three-fourteenths of an ounce for each cooked meal, excluding breakfast and teas. The domestic ration will be raised from eight ounces to twelve ounces per head per week from January 27th. The announcement of an early reduction in price of sugar is incorrect.
An official of the Railway Executive Committee stated that no excursion trains will he run during the Christmas holiday by the railway companies.
(Paper also mentioned compensation for Sergt. Fallon, R.I.C. with the result Martial law for two months, because of shooting, he appealed his award of £30. Also much talk about the roads and transferred officers)

Kerry Weekly Reporter 1883-1920, Saturday, March 13, 1920; Page: 3
The distribution of the spoils proceeds. America is not in the business at present, and there is a fear that she is out of it definitely and permanently; Her allies do not mind so much of course, except as regards future responsibilities, which they fear. If America, does not accept any of the territory of the defeated foes, there would be no objection to her taking a hand in the work of keeping subject races quiet. If we take Turkey, for instance, the task will have to be undertaken, it is feared largely, if not entirely by Great Britain. . The French, it is said view with suspicion the occupation of Constantinople by the British. So we see the Peacemakers or what is left of them, are not in agreement. Mohammedan population is sullen and indignant. It is said that fresh armies may be required to enforce the new peace; details : of which appear to be still unsettled.(See paper for more on the subject)
(Condensed; Home Rule Scheme which the British Parliament proposes, leaves us powerless to deal with trade outside Ireland. It is claimed that Ireland free would have a population of 15 million instead of 4.5 million. We would have work for our youth, who are at present emigrating. At present we should be pushing Irish trade and prepare for the time when we will be called to trade with other countries)
(There is a report on Sir Horace Plunkett, a lot of words and little substance)

Share issue by The British and Irish Steam Packet Company of £1,500,000.
See paper for details.
DEATH OF MR J. FINAGHTY, NT. Of Kilflynn, he was buried at Family grave in Abbeydorney, born at Cappa, Kilflynn, A brilliant Irish scholar and clever writer, author of Kerry Diamonds and also wrote several poems. Was trained at Dromcondra , he won many prizes and was then appointed principal in Kilflynn and taught till his recent illness and death in Dublin hospital. (Above condensed)

Kerryman 1904-current, Saturday, June 26, 1920; Page: 4
About three months ago, when emigration to the United States was resumed after the war, on what promised to be something like the exodus of the years gone by, we had on editorial in our papers, pointing out to the young men and young women of Kerry, the inadvisability of deserting their own country. We dwelt on the hardships which emigrants had to face in a foreign country, even in a friendly land, which America undoubtedly is, and warned intending emigrants that it was not prudent or patriotic to leave their own shores at the present time. In fact we described intending emigrants as traitors to Ireland. From the point of view of Labour and wages, this country has no great reason to complain, and while the conditions which obtain here may not be ideal, they are far better than those which prevail in the States. Anyway, we want now more than ever, all Irish people in Ireland to do their part in building up the nation. When we referred to this subject, before, we were not aware that the boys and girls who have gone to America, within the past few months, are cold-shouldered by the Irish people there, as they are looked upon as deserters from their Motherland. The only people who recognise them are their own immediate relatives, and even these are not too generous in their attentions to them. Many of those young people have felt their position so keenly that they are returning to Ireland. The following extract from a letter from a valued correspondent! in New York, and from a man who ; knows, what he is talking about, may give food for thought to those who are thinking of emigrating “Quite a lot of boys and girls from the middle and West of Ireland have been arriving in New York recently. It is too bad. With the high cost of living, etc., here things are not ideal by any means ( see paper for more)
Lloyd George compared the present breakup of the United Kingdom with the action of Lincoln during the American civil war, he faced five years’ war and a million casualties. (see paper for more)

Kerryman 1904-current, Saturday, January 15, 1944; Page: 11
AFTER THE WAR- New Radio Era.
THE new ideas, tools and Instruments that are emerging from radio’s role In the war may well give us 1960 radio in 1950.” David Sarnoff, president of the Radio Corporation of America, predicted In a year-end review of the wireless Industry.
(Condensed; US radio production for the armed forces reached £82,500,000 a month in 1943 compared to £7,500,000 in 1943, peacetime radio, TV new services, electric microscope and pocket size radio among the future developments.)
1944 as the year of expected decision In the European war, they will date from It. as radio broadcasting dated from 1919,” he said.
A very interesting illustrated lecture on Salmon and Eels was given by Mr A. E. J. Went. Ph.D.. A.R.C.S, M.R.I.A., to a large and appreciative Audience at the Technical School in Killarney on Monday night, Rev. P O’Sullivan, C.C., presiding.

Kerryman 1904-current, Saturday, February 18, 1961; Page: 33
Rural organisations

After the war there was a big development of voluntary rural organisations and these pressed for an increase in the number of instructors. This demand was acceded to and the number of agricultural instructors was gradually increased. These voluntary rural organisations have been great drawing force in agricultural education.
The instructors work in the closest co-operation and harmony with them and often help in the formation of their groups where none exists in a district. They have specially interested themselves in the formation and guidance of Farming Youth Clubs to instil into the youth science of the farming profession and bring to them the knowledge and experience of their every-day work with the adult group.
These youth organisations got going in America in the early part of this century, Later they spread to Britain and Ireland and recently they are spreading to the less developed countries of the East.
Here the 4H Future Farmers or Young Farmer Clubs are represented by Macra na Feirme and the young groups by Macra na Tuaithe. For the adult or mature farmer with more financial worries on his mind there are unions or associations which keep the business side of farming to the forefront. Here we have the National Farmers’ Association and more specific associations such as the Irish Creamery Milk Suppliers’ Association or Beet Growers’ Association.
There are also co-operatives doing good while small groups like ploughing associations and agricultural show societies are all doing their share, teaching and acting as a medium of agricultural education. The most recent development of these organisations is that of Macra na Tuaithe. This is an organisation for the younger age-groups of twelve to eighteen years. (see paper for some more)

Southern Star 1892-current, Saturday, September 22, 1990; Page: 6
TO HIGH RANK; Many Irishmen rose to high rank during and after the War of Independence to mention a few. General B. O’Higgins, Chile. Admiral; Thomas C. Wright, Drogheda, Father of the Navy of Equador. Admiral Brown, Father of Argentine Navy; General Sandes from Co. Kerry, Bardett O’Connor from Manch. Co. Cork. The Irishman that was best known during and after the War of Independence was a Corkonian, General Daniel Florence O’Leary 1801-‘54.Chirf-aide Camp and Secretary to the Liberator Don Simon Bolivar whose memory is held in high esteem throughout South America. General O’Leary was born in 1801 at Barrack Street. Cork, the son of a wealthy family of Butter Merchants, his father. Jeremiah and his uncle. Daniel inherited the family business from their father. Florence O’Leary, Butter Merchant whose death took place at Barrack Street. Daniel and Jeremiah were the only family of Florence. A brother of Florence was the well-known Fr Arthur O’Leary 1729 -1802 O.F.M. Cap. who was one of

Knock Shrine Cures

Knock Shrine Cures

Sligo Champion 1879-current, Saturday, February 07, 1880; Page: 2
(From our Correspondent). Ballymote, Wednesday.
With feelings of deep pleasure I have to report that a man named Thomas Glynn, a carpenter living in this town, got paralysed some three months ago, and ever since his feet having almost lost their power of motion, he was unable to walk unless when assisted by two persons. Having, heard of the miracles performed at Knock, he set out for that place on Saturday, a distance of 28 miles, and had to be tied to the car on which he went, On arriving there he performed the usual station round the chapel and prayed for some time where the apparition was seen, the result being that on Monday he came home, and walked part of the way, having got the power of his limbs.

Sligo Champion 1879-current, Saturday, February 14, 1880; Page: 4
MIRACULOUS CURES. THE CASES OF MISS Burke of Curraleage ?; Miss Delia Gordon of Claremorris, Thomas Killeen, Michael Nertney of Tulsk &, &, &
From the correspondent of the Nation.
Knock, County Mayo, Monday Evening, 2nd Feb. On my way last night from Dublin, by the mail, I fell in with a very remarkable proof of the religious fervour and supernatural hope excited by the apparitions seen at Knock, and of the miraculous cures resulting from a visit to the spot now suddenly grown so famous. Passengers from the capital to this district of the West have to change from one carriage to another at Athlone; at any rate I had to do so on my journey down last night; and, as I passed along the train in quest of a suitable compartment, happened to spy in one a friend whom I wished to see, so I went and took my place beside him. (Gives details of mother bringing her daughter from England to Knock, because the child had lost the sight of her eye. Also description of the many people seeking relief from various maladies) see paper for description)
Evidence of Dominic Byrne who acts as assistant to Archdeacon Cavanagh, testimony can be easily found online, at present time.

Nation 1842-1897, Saturday, May 15, 1880; Page: 8
The Tuam News, of the 7th inst, says :—

The great run for the Summer season, as it opens in the provinces, appears to be in favour of a spot now become, amongst -English-speaking people, quite as famous as Lourdes in France. Of course that spot is known to be no other than Knock, in the county Mayo. We were there on yesterday, and felt quite astonished at the vast concourse of people who, in ever-increasing numbers, arrived each day. There were to be seen men and women, boys and girls, rich and poor, from all quarters of Ireland from Dublin and Waterford, from Cork and Kerry, and Limerick and Tipperary. Again—from Donegal and Londonderry; from Antrim and Tyrone ; from Belfast and its neighbourhood, up to Louth. and of course from those portions of Ireland that lie between Tyrone, in Ulster, and Tipperary, in Munster, These are mentioned as the extreme outlying counties, South, and East, and North; for certain it is that Connacht, too, contributed her quota of pilgrims. And, In passing, one may remark, for at present it is well known, that all pilgrims from any part of Ireland, East or West, can have, on applying for it, a return ticket on the Midland Great Western railway at the charge of a single fare. This is due to the judicious kindness of Mr. John Echlin Ward, the manager. Kindness such a course certainly is to the pilgrims who make the journey, per rail, to Knock; and judicious, because the numbers who go there will be almost trebled, owing to the fact that facilities of this nature are offered the travelling public. To a perceiving eye not only are there men and women from all parts of Ireland to be seen at Knock, but there they are, unmistakably, from Glasgow, in batches and groups of five to six. Glasgow has contributed a great quota of pious pilgrims, who seem not to have lost their faith, but rather to have acquired In many instances a stronger appreciation of the miracle-working faith preached by St. Patrick and handed down to the present day to all the Catholic children of the land, living at home, or forced, like our Glasgow friends, to run to a foreign land in order to sustain life. There they are not only from Glasgow, but from Dundee and from Liverpool; from Manchester, from York and from that historical ground around Durham, from the towns bordering on the Lindisfarne of a past age, of which the traces touching its sanctity in time and place are still to be seen and felt. England is fully represented in the numbers of fervent Catholics who have come from her shores to Knock. We must now take a greater bound across the western waste of waters—to the shores of America, From New York and Chicago, as we have learned, some of the Irish race have, within the past week, come to pay their devotions at the chapel of Knock, Without entering into the merits of the miraculous cures said to be wrought, we learned on yesterday while there that four fresh and genuine cures of a miraculous kind were that very day made manifest in the case of several of the devout pilgrims who had come to show their faith in God and their love for the Mother of our Divine Saviour. We learned on the most undoubted authority that on last week a priest from Manchester—a man well known for his zeal in training children to knowledge and virtues—Rev. Father Quick, had come to Ballyhaunis, and thence to Knock ; that on Wednesday he was unable to move a finger of his left-hand or to stir his arm ; that for months past it had been in the same condition. He went to Knock, prayed to Our Lady, returned to Ballyhaunis perfectly cured. This matter was public, and known to all. The suddenness of the cure was remarkable. That the good priest was unable to move his hand and arm was well known to all who came in his way; that he was directly and immediately cured is equally certain and publicly known, It is said that he dined that evening with his Grace the Most Rev. Dr. MacEvilly, Coadjutor Archbishop, and that all who dined at table on that day were made certain of the miraculous event. This is not a mere hearsay story. It is one to which his Grace may be said to be an eye-witness, for if he did not see Father Quick before the miraculous cure had been wrought, he certainly saw the good priest directly when the cure was effected, and from the lips of the Rev. Father Quick himself he heard the story or narration of the extraordinary change.

“A Cork Pilgrim,” writing to the Cork Examiner, says;-
The wonderful miracle that occurred here on the feast of St. Catherine of Sienna is now very well known, as such news flies rapidly. It was witnessed by hundreds. It occurred in the person of the Rev. Father Quick, of Manchester. This priest’s name is already well known, as it was his destiny, many will think a high and holy one, to attend the Manchester martyrs to the scaffold. Father Quick suffered much from an affection of his arm, over which he had no power, and his infirmity brought him intense torture. So severe was the ailment that the arm was utterly useless for over two years, and he was attended and examined by numerous doctors of eminence and high standing, who tried every remedy without avail. A he learned faculty pronounced at last that the disease lay in the marrow of the bone, for which there was but the one cure, that was amputation. For these two years he was debarred from the honour of saying Massy owing to the impossibility of raising his arm. But here at Knock was he cured! The support in which his arm was encased he hung up where the crutches are hung on the outside gable, and it is now to be seen by all who come to Knock. On the morning after the cure he had the joy of saying Mass and of raising his arm on high with perfect ease. We had the honour of being present on the first day of May at this Mass of praise and thanksgiving.

A correspondent of the Roscommon Messenger writes:—
As I presume that a short account of recent events at the now justly celebrated chapel of Knock may not be unacceptable to your readers, I venture to lay before them some of my experience in a three days’ visit at that place, and to record the serious and ineffaceable impressions made upon my mind thereby. When, for the second time in the present year, I reached Knock on last Friday, April 30th, I found a large gathering in and around the little chapel, all earnestly intent on their devotions, some offering up their prayers and petitions to the throne of an all-merciful God, through the hands of the ever Blessed Virgin, for whom He that is mighty hath done great things, while others were rapturously pouring forth, from hearts overflowing with gratitude, their praise and thanksgiving for favours already received by themselves or others. Here on this hallowed spot are the testimonies of the Lord exceedingly credible, and your soul is at once inclined to cry out and to call upon all God’s creatures to come and see the works of the Lord, the wonders which he has wrought upon earth—for in many instances has sight been restored to the blind, hearing and speech bestowed on the deaf and dumb, the power of their limbs on the maimed and disabled, and here truly is the Gospel preached to the poor. On the morning of Friday an English priest who had come to Knock the day before, and who had for two years been entirely deprived of the use of one of his arms, had his strength perfectly restored, and he offered the Holy Sacrifice for the first time since his affliction. He again said Mass on Saturday, after which he returned home, rejoicing that the Lord had beard him in the day of his tribulation, and had fulfilled all his petitions. I also met at Knock a boy, aged thirteen years, who, I was assured by his mother, had, before he came there, been all his life hopelessly deaf and dumb. He could at the time I speak of plainly hear what was said to him, and repeat with great distinctness many words addressed to him. This child and his mother are from Enniscorthy.

The Medal of the Knock Apparition is sent post free for eight stamps ; or, with neatly-finished case for fifteen stamps, by J. J. Lalor, Phibsborough-avenue, Dublin. The medal can also be had richly gilt, with green silk-lined case, for 3s 6d. A large discount allowed to convents and schools if ordered in quantity.

Dundalk Democrat 1849-current, Saturday, June 05, 1880; Page: 3
The following letters having reference to further wonderful cures have been, received from Archdeacon Cavanagh : — Portadown, County Armagh,
14th April. 1880.
REV DEAR SIR,—I am sending a small tin box to you by this post, and shall deem it a great favour if-you send me a quantity of the cement or earthen particles from the spot hallowed by the apparitions at Knock. A poor man living much farther northwards has written to me to procure such a relic for him, and I believe that many whose means will not allow them to make a pilgrimage thither, would be glad to receive a crumb from the surface of the famous church. Some particles of the Knock cement have already reached this town, and I can testify to two instances in which they produced supernatural effect. The one was a young woman named Sarah M’Keown who about two months ago received the last Sacraments and exhibited some of the worst premonitory symptoms of death being near. Her malady seemed to be consumption, and already the swollen feet indicated that the worst was approaching. The application of tepid water reduced the swelling in one limb only to increase the pain in the other, but the application of cold water in which fragment of the Knock cement was mouldered effectively removed all swelling in one night. The young woman, whose death seemed inevitable, has now so far improved that I think she will be able to resume her work in the factory in a month. The second case I referred to is that of an old woman named Mary M’Cann, aged about seventy years, who was so crippled in her limbs, as to be unable to kneel or to lift any object from the ground, such as her walking-stick or bends. By the application of the Knock relic she has so far recovered with a few days that she can kneel with the greatest of ease and perform bodily movements that for a long time were an impossibility to her.—I remain, rev dear sir, Yours Respectfully Lawrence Byrne, Adm.
Rev M Heaney, C C. To the Venerable Archdeacon Cavanagh, I, Pat Coyle, Parish, of Meelognes, near Castlebar, do hereby solemnly declare, that I was at Knoch, I have been cured of epilepsy, I have been suffering from it for thirteen years, and it used to come on me sometimes three times a day, and after every fit I use to throw off blood. My father and mother accompanied me to Knock on the 2nd February, and, after praying there to the Immaculate Mother of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. I felt relieved the first visit, and after the third visit I never got an attack since, thanks be to God ! I would have written sooner, but I thought there was no occasion for it until my parish priest, Father Michael Brennan, told me to inform you of it. PAT COYLE.
Betan Erin, near Castlebar, March 3. 1880. Killavalla National School. Ayle, Westport-10th April, 1880. To Rev Archdeacon Cavanagh. Knock.
Rev. Sir. It is with the greatest pleasure and joy and with a most grateful heart, full of fervent thanks to the Almighty God, and with all possible praise and gratitude to His Blessed Mother, that I consider it my duty to report to your reverence my cure of a partial deafness of my right ear which was troublesome to me for more than thirty years, at my visit to the church of Knock last Lady Day (25th ult). I could not find it convenient to see you then in person, from the vast crowd, to inform you of the special favour which the Lord, through His Blessed Mother, has condescended to bless me with, and to beg your blessing and prayer which I hereby humbly beseech, for the honour and glory of God and His holy Mother, the powerful doctors when all others fail, as I tried in vain.—I remain yours most respectfully, M O’CONNOR, National Teacher.

A pilgrim band of nine devout Catholics, blind, deaf, lame, and otherwise infirm, took passage from Boston, on Saturday, May 8th , for Ireland, where they will visit the miracle-working shrine of Knock. The Boston Sunday Globe of May 8th says of them — An account of the apparitions at Knock, Ireland, and the miraculous power of healing ascribed thereto, has been recently published in the Globe, Hearing that several parties were about to depart for the Green Isle for the purpose of trying the curative qualities of the chapel at Knock, a’ Globe’ reporter called upon Mr John Cassidy, one of the pilgrims, at his residence. 172 Norfolk avenue, and learned that he and Mr Michael Mitchell would take passage on the steamer Samaria yesterday morning, en route to Mayo. On December 9, 1876, Mr Cassidy, while employed as a carpenter on the Moody and Sankey tabernacle, was precipitated from the icy roof to the sidewalk below, and sustained a compound fracture of the ankle joint of the left foot, a dislocation of the hip and fracture of its socket. Mr Mitchell is suffering from an injured leg. At the scribe’s request, Mr Cassidy unwound the bandages which enveloped his nether extremity, and displayed a badly swollen ankle, a deformed foot and toes, and the marks of the surgeon’s knife which removed the bones of the heel. Both gentlemen, while suffering great bodily pain, were confident of being permanently relieved of all their infirmities. The number of persons who have visited Knock for the purpose of being cured amounts to thousands in the old country, and hundreds on this side of the water, a large majority having departed from Boston and vicinity. A curious incident was related to a ‘ Globe’ reporter by a lady connected with the upper-ten circles, and who resides on Commonwealth avenue. She said that, being afflicted with paralysis. She journeyed to Knock, was cured, and left her silver-headed cane at the chapel at the request of the parish priest, but against her own wishes. On arriving home an uncontrollable impulse compelled her to send for her walking-stick, and it was duly forwarded: but, as soon as she touched it, it fell from her nerveless grasp, and her dread enemy, paralysis, bound her hand and foot, and has ever since held supreme sway over her limbs. Several parties near the Mission Chapel, Roxbury, claimed to have been healed at Knock and many others in Cambridge, Charlestown, Somerville, Maiden, and Newton, hold themselves up as living witnesses of the health-giving properties of the Knock structure.
The following is a special despatch to the Boston Herald :-
NORWICH, CONN.—Mary Ellen M’Namara, of this city, aged 12, has been paralyzed from epileptic attacks five years, for four years unable to walk or feed herself. She lost her speech, except a few words, and her intellect was impaired, and almost gone at times. At the request of her father, her uncle in Ireland went two hundred miles and obtained a piece of cement from Knock church, about three inches, by three-fourths of an inch, which arrived by mail last Monday. A part was powdered and mixed by water. The girl drank of the water, and bathed the base of her skull. “Wednesday she walked up and down stairs. Friday she walked nearly a mile, and to day nearly two miles. She has had most of the city doctors, who pronounced death or idiocy/ certain; also many travelling doctors, without help. I saw and examined the girl apart from her father to-day. She is the size of a child of eight, with arms like a child of two or three years, she talks distinctly and intelligibly, but her vocabulary is small. She walks like one unaccustomed to it, but steadily, rapidly and un-assisted. She feeds and otherwise attends to herself, which she had not done for four-years. In all things she corroborated her father. She has had no fits nor pain since she took the first cement, and her appetite has greatly increased.

Sligo Champion 1879-current, Saturday, June 12, 1880; Page: 3
A Gorey correspondent, who, though adverse to the publication of his name, gives us leave to use it privately, writes as below. The name of the gentleman referred to has also been furnished to us on the same conditions —A gentleman from Arklow has been suffering for the past ten years from complaint of the liver. His good and pious wife spared neither her own health nor money to restore him, but all her efforts were in vain, and doctor’s prescriptions shared the same fate. He was necessitated to give up all sorts of work, and oftentimes found himself on the brink of eternity. Hearing of the miraculous cures at Knock, her devotion was excited, and, impelled by religious ardour, she induced her husband to accompany her thither. They started with that good spirit and strong faith in Mary’s prayers -which alone insures success in all such cases. They, returned after a week’s absence; he feeling, quite restored, and in a perfect state of health.

Neal Ryan, Pettigo, county Donegal, writes to us—I was to that holy place called Knock, and great things there I have seen. The Blessed Virgin appeared, to four of us—me and three girls—the night of the 29th of April. She came in a flash of light, and formed herself in the widow which I was standing against, I have seen many cures while in the place. I was cured of my ailment while there. This l do declare before my God to be really so.
We resume as follows the publication of Archdeacon Cavanagh’s Diary of miraculous cures at Knock Mary Petton, Spa Mount, got the use of her eye.
Mr O’Donnell, of Templedoglis, near Letterkenny, has got much better of his sickness (mental derangement)
Patrick Fitzsimons, of 14 Summer, Gardens, Liverpool, is cured of rheumatism, sciatica, and heart disease.
Bridget Roache, of Castletownroache, is cured of sore eyes, from which she was suffering for the last ten years.
Ellen Ward, of the County Roscommon, near Dunamon, is cured of curvature in the right foot.
Anne Golden, of the parish of Kilcolman, was cured of a great burning heat in the crown of the head. John Keating got his sight. He lives in Roscommon.
Pat Neill, of the parish of Kilfoghney, is recovering from an evil.
Pat Gallic, of the County Cavan, got his sight, he had been stone blind. He could see nothing previously.
Mrs Power, of Kilsteak, county Waterford cured of dropsy.
Mrs Dalton of county Tipperary cured of inflammation of lungs.
. Margaret M’Keown, of Bolton England, doctors in England could do her no good. (print damaged in many of the other reports, see paper for more).

Nation 1842-1897, Saturday, June 12, 1880; Page: 6
We resume as follows the publication of Archdeacons Cavanagh’s Diary of miraculous cures at Knock;—337. Mary Petton, Spa Mount, has got the use of her eye.
338, Mr, O’Donnell, Templedoglis, near Letterkenny, has got much betterof his sickness (mental derangement)
389. Patrick Fitzsimons, of 14 Summer Gardens, Liverpool, is cured of rheumatism, sciatica and heart disease.
390. Bridid Roache, of Castletownroache, is cured of sore eyes, from which she was suffering for the last ten years.
391. Ellan Ward, of the county Roscommon, near Dunamon, is cured of curvature of the right foot.
392. Anne Golden, of the parish of Kilcolman was cured of a great burning heat in the crown of the head.
393. John Keating got his sight. He lives in Roscommon
394. Pat Neill, of the parish of Killoghney is recovering from an evil.
395. Pat Gallie, of the county Cavan, got his sight. He was stone blind. He could see nothing previously.
396. Pat Rolandson, of London, got his sight.
397. Mary Lane, Co. Cork, parish of Ballylanders, got her hearing; she was completely deaf; she can hear now perfectly well.
398. Anthony Cavanagh, 15 Brabazon Street, Dublin, was cured of lameness, from which he was suffering during the last twelve years.
399. Mary Jane Maslin, Castletowndevlin, county Meath, was cured of hip disease, from which he was suffering during fourteen years ; she can walk firmly And freely,

Irish Examiner 1841-current, Saturday, June 19, 1880
Cures in America
A private letter from Ireland informs us that the wonderful cures at Knock are continuing, and even increasing. The cement from the wall of the famous church has been the moans of effecting cures in tis country also, it would seem. A correspondent, writing from Massachusetts last week, says: ” I think it only right to make known my cure. I have had weak eyes for about three years, and have been obliged to wear glosses constantly, not being able to read without them. Yesterday a lady friend sent me some of the cement from Knock. I put it in water and applied the water to my eyes. Almost immediately they were cured, and are now quite well. In fact, I write this without the help of glasses. My cure was effected on the Feast of the Patronage of St. Joseph.” The Pittsburgh Telegraph on a recent data contained the following notice of another alleged cure, very remarkable cure of an out eighteen old, who has been a hopeless cripple from his birth, and who could not walk without the aid of crutches, is said to have been performed at the Catholic church, in Sharon, last week. The following are the particulars as sent by a correspondent of The Telegraph, who learned from the Rev. K. O’Brannigan, pastor of the Catholic church : ” It seems that in the parish of Knock, County Mayo. Ireland, the Blessed Virgin and St. John have lately appeared to many persons, and since then some very remarkable cures of various diseases have been effected by prayer and the use of the cement from the walls of the church. Mr. P. McManus, a citizen of this place, but a native of Knock parish, sent for a quantity, of the cement, and Jerry McCarthy the young man spoken of above, made application to Rev. Father O’Brannigan for a season of prayer in his behalf. The congregation of the church was notified of the fact, and the young man’s request was complied with. The season of prayer lasted nine days, terminating on Thursday last, during which time the cement, which had been procured, was applied. On the last days confessions were made. McCarthy abandoned his crutches and is now able to walk with the aid of a cane, and it is said that he is each day recovering more and more the use of his limbs which had heretofore been almost useless to him. We give this to our readers just as it has been related without any comments. The case, which is certainly a strange one, has been the general talk in this place during the past week. The young man is the son of Mr. Wm. McCarty; an employee at the Westerman rolling Mill”, Ava Maria.

Nation 1842-1897, Saturday, August 07, 1880; Page: 5
We have received the following letters from Archdeacon Cavanagh : 3 Brookfield-place, Blackrock, Dublin, 11th July, 1880.
Very Rev, Archdeacon Cavanagh—l am very happy to have to inform you that I have had my sight quite restored to me after my second visit to Knock. I hope-through the intercession of the Blessed Virgin-to be soon as strong as ever. Thanking you very much for your great kindness to me during my stay of nine days in May last, and hoping you will excuse the liberty of writing to you and asking your prayer. I remain, Very Rev. Father, your obedient servant, Patrick Merrigan.

J.M.J, Presentation Convent, Riverhead, St. John’s Newfoundland, July 6, 1880. Very Rev, Archdeacon Cavanagh: Dear Rev, Father—I am commissioned by our ; good Rev. Mother to address you on her part, and to , recommend to your care and kindness the bearer of this note, Mr. —————- , during his stay at Knock. … Several cures have been effected, already through this island by using the cement brought from your chapel in water. A very wonderful one has lately come under my own observation. A carpenter who works for us, and to whom I had given a tiny bit of cement in some holy water, met with a very painful accident a few days after. While making a door he drove a chisel through the palm of his left hand with such force that it came out at the back, severing on its way the sinews and arteries. The poor man ran home ; scarce knowing what he did, he poured a little of the holy water containing the cement on his hand ; and in a moment the pain left and the blood ceased to flow. A strange, unaccountable feeling, he says, took possession of him on seeing the effect produced by it, and he fainted. On recovering he found that the wound had already commenced to close. He applied to it for all dressing a bit of linen steeped in the water, and; was able to return to his work same day. The hand is now perfectly healed, but the large mark which still remains shows what a terrible wound had been there. The brother of one of our lay sisters had his eye restored by the application of a bit of cement sewn up in silk. It was in an almost helpless condition, being horned by a cow. Believe me, dear Father, yours most respectfully in J.C., Sister M. Xavier.

Millstreet, Co. Cork, July 1880. Very Rev, Archdeacon Cavanagh. Rev. Sir.—I wish – to supply you with some facts in connection with my visit to that holy Shrine of Knock. I would have done so ere now, but did not consider it necessary until I consulted Home of my friends, who immediately told me to write and state all the particulars to you. I am twenty one years of age; for the last fifteen years I have been in a very delicate state of health, subject to a violent pain in my right side, with fits of weakness. I was attacked to south an extent without receiving aid from any source that I resigned all hopes of recovery. I consulted some doctors—one in particular, five years ago—about the state of my health. He described my case as heart disease, and advised me go to Cork hospital, which I did without any effectual result. I still continued in that deplorable state, and, worse still, I was confined to bed, when a friend presented me with a little cement from Knock church. Having, I found myself much improved—so much so that, I was able in a few days to make a journey to Knock. On the 17th of April I arrived in due time. Being in the church on the 22nd, at half past seven o’clock, I saw a large yellow cross high over the statue of the Blessed Virgin, with a saint on the top, reclining forwards, looking down; at the foot of the cross I saw the Blessed Virgin, with a crown on her head and a girdle on her waist, and the Infant Jesus on her left arm, the right hand raised up pointing to the people; to the right of the Blessed Virgin I saw a saint with a candle lighting at his right side. I saw this fully half an hour. I could not say who the saints were like, but the saint who rested on the top of the cross wore a tonsure on his head. I saw a number of stars, and some of them appeared very far away. The church was cleared and doors closed at eight o’clock. I went to the window and looked in to know if I could see the apparition again, I saw a priest, dressed in white vestments, with a number of saints all in white, with white Tails, go in procession to the high altar from the Blessed Virgin’s altar. Having arrived at the high altar the saints bent down on their knees in solemn adoration; the priest ascended the altar as if about to say Mass, and turned towards the people.
I spent a week at this chosen place of God’s and his Holy Mother. I am now, thanks to our dear Lady of Knock, quite well, and free from this disease with which I was afflicted.

Reverend sir, you can make what use you like of this information, and I will at any time you require prove it on oath. I shall ever remember the great mercy God has shown me in that holy place, and thank His ever Blessed Mother for the very great favour she has shown me. I would do anything; for her honour. God bless you and prolong your life, and may you live to see your wishes realised of having the Blessed Virgin Mary honoured as she ought to be.—I am, very reverend sir, yours most respectfully, Cornelius O’Brien.

The following is an extract from a letter dated 12th Jury, 1880, from a nun In a convent in
Very Rev. Archdeacon—Permit me to write and tell you of a special grace we received through the Intercession of our Lady of Knock. One of our young nuns had been suffering with consumption since her arrival from Europe in December, 1877. Last April the doctor said her lungs were in a very bad state. Towards the end of June a friend gave me some of the cement from the church at Knock. It was just what we all desired, and our dear sister applied a portion of it to her chest. Her sufferings diminished gradually, and at the end of an Novena she had no pain at all, neither does she cough. The doctor is very much surprised at the improvement, as he calls it. After, he assured me that he could detect nothing wrong with her chest. I told him what happened. He is a Protestant, but honest enough to admit the force of prayer. I have no words to convoy our united gratitude to our Immaculate Mother, who has listened to the humble prayers of her Irish children.
Michael Doyle and his wife and their four small children occupy apartments in the first storey, of the third tenement in the row of three storey brick houses in North Sixt Street, near Third-street, Williamsburgh. Their only son, the second eldest child, four years of age, is looked upon by the neighbours as a child greatly favoured, for upon him, they say, the power ascribed On account of the Blessed Virgin Mother, St. Joseph, and St. John to the mortar and clay of the chapel at Knock, county Mayo, Ireland, has worked a miraculous cure. The cure effected in the case of this child was mentioned at the gathering of the professors and doctors in the Long Island College Hospital on Friday last after the examination of the girl, Delia Gallagher, an account of whose recovery of the power of speech has been given in the Sun. One of the professors, in explaining how in the case of Miss Gallagher the paralysis of the vocal chords passed away, gave It as his opinion that she so concentrated the powers of her brain when the possibility of a cure presented itself through the medium of a supposed miraculous power that it overcame the inability which existed in the vocal organs. He added, ” If, however, I should see a cure, such as it is said has been effected in the case of this boy, I know that the brain in that case would not perform the cure, and never can in cases where it is necessary to build up and create. A cure in such a case, by means such as the mortar from the chapel of Knock, would seem to me to be miraculous.”

The, alleged cure in the case of the boy was the healing of a large sore at the ankle and heel of the right foot. The little fellow had suffered from this sore for over two years. In that time he underwent a number of operations in St. John’s Hospital, Lexington-avenue, and in St. Mary’s Hospital, Thirty fourth-street, without relief. Physicians of Brooklyn and Greenpoint who visited the child declared that they could not cure him. So much had the child suffered that the sight of a physician made him fly in terror to some hiding place.

Yesterday morning a reporter of the Sun visited the boy and talked with his mother. Two months ago,” she said, ” a lady whose sister visited the chapel at Knock, and had some of the mortar, gave a small particle of it to me. I put it into a bottle containing some Easter holy water. That was on a Monday. Tuesday morning I poured some of the water into my hand and rubbed it over the sore. I was then, as I always had been, praying and offering up novenas. I continued bathing the sore with the water every morning until Saturday morning. That morning when I took Michael up in my arms to bathe his ankle I could find no sore. Where it had been there was only a slight scar, such as you see now on the ankle. I cried with joy, and gave adoration to God, who had looked with compassion on my poor child, and thanks to His Blessed Mother, through whom such great power was given to a little piece of mortar. Oh blessed be her name!” the poor woman ejaculated, bursting into tears. The child’s father says that he was troubled with sore and inflamed eyes, and that by bathing his eyes with the mortar-impregnated water he was cured. Next week we shall publish several other letters and a portion of Archdeacon Cavanagh’s diary, which we are obliged this week to hold back through want of space.

Irish Examiner 1841-current, Saturday, August 28, 1880; Page: 5
The spiritual devotions of the pilgrims.
The scene at Knock during the past week is unprecedented in modern history. Many of the Lancashire pilgrims after a one and two days sojourn at Knock departed to the haunts of their
childhood or early years, while far the greater number remained to complete a tridium or three days devotion in the church and at the shrine of the Blessed Virgin; and many successfully accomplished the penitential novena or nine days’ devotion. Last week, being the week preceding the Assumption, was a red-letter time long to be remembered, the spiritual ardour and out-pouring of the repentant and thanksgiving heart being manifest throughout. (See paper for report of cures such as Pat Travers, William John Holland, Mrs Lawson, Miles Walsh and daughter Bridget on his back, Commission of enquiry, many bishops and churchmen visited Knock. Mr Bradshaw a school master, testimony.)

Nation 1842-1897, Saturday, September 11, 1880; Page: 4
Dear Sir—A couple of cures effected at the chapel of Knock recently came under my notice, and as they are, undoubtedly, very clear and convincing cases, I think it well to give them publicity through the medium of your pages. The first is the case of a little girl named Rose Anne M’Alister, aged seven, whose parents, born, in this parish, reside at the iron works of Waterside, in Ayrshire. She had been suffering for above two years from a severe running from two holes in the right elbow—probably the effects of an abscess in that joint—and surgical or medical aid had proved unavailing. The joint was so stiff that she could not raise her hand higher than the lowermost part of her breast. Her father, with true Celtic faith and piety, and though only a working man, regardless of time and expense, brought her to the chapel of Knock on the Monday of Holy Week. On the following day, March 23rd, ongoing round the Stations of the Cross a second time, on leaving the Fourth Station (Jesus meets His most afflicted Mother), she suddenly raised her hand to her forehead and made the sign of the cross. She can do the same with ease ever since (and has done so in my own presence), the running has ceased since then, and the holes in the elbow are quite closed.

Her father too received the cure of his thumb joint which had to be constantly bandaged, and frequently rendered him unfit for work. He has worked for six months without feeling the slightest pain.
The other case to which I refer is that of a man named Patrick Owens, an upright and pious man, living in Ballinahinch, county Down. For a considerable time the extremity of the spine between the shoulders had become displaced, was enlarged to an unusual degree, and stood out in such a way that his vest had to be much wider than usual in order to contain it. The result was; that he had to keep his head constantly bent forward, the chin resting on his breast, so that he could not raise his head without suffering the most severe, pain. Experienced practitioners examined it, but could give him no relief. Accordingly he went to Knock in last May, and, after praying and performing other exercises of devotion for about ten days, he was able to raise his head and move it in all directions without the slightest pain. The extremity of the spine also returned to its natural place. Both he himself and his sister, who had accompanied him, with hearts overflowing with gratitude to the Blessed Mother of God, requested me to feel how perfectly the spine had become united with the neck bone, showing me at the same time how much had to be taken from the width of his vests since the spine had returned to its place. I leave these truly wonderful facts to the judgment of your readers without further comment, and remain yours very truly, M. M’Polin, C.c., Dromara, County Down. Sept. 6th, 188O.

Sir—I have had personal knowledge, within the last few days, of two remarkable miracles, which I think I may safely call such, and which, must be attributed to the powerful advocacy of our Lady of Knock. Further I have the personal assurance of the two parish priests as to the facts of the case. John Fitzgerald lives in the parish of Sneem, near Kenmare. At a very early age he was afflicted with hip disease, and his leg was completely turned backwards and up for the last ten years. It was so completely twisted back that the foot and leg were on a level with the knee, and he could only move on two crutches. The doctor, whose certificate of the case I have, has known him from a boy, and he told me that the only human way in which a cure could have been effected was by cutting the tendon, and then a long and weary process of stretching the leg. Even then the leg could not have had the ordinary power. This gentleman also told me that, as he said himself ” he did not believe a word of the Knock miracles” till Fitzgerald came home cured. As to not believing that, one might as well not believe you saw your own hand before you.

Fitzgerald went to his parish priest, the Rev. Father Davis, to ask what he thought of his going to Knock. The priest did not say don’t go, but he said, in telling me the circumstances, that he thought a man without a leg might as well have gone and expected to come home with one. But happily Fitzgerald went to Knock, and on the Feast of SS Peter and Paul he walked into his much amazed parish priest, and, stamping the once helpless foot on the ground, he exclaimed, “See, Father, what the Mother of God has done for me.” His cure is perfect. He left his crutches at Knock, having no further use for them, and he works in the field now, and can walk to-day as well as any man. Not the least wonderful part of the miracle is that the leg, which had been quite wasted as well as useless, filled up just like the other, and the knee cap, which had been distorted, is now in the right place. It is indeed a miracle which cannot be gainsaid ; Fitzgerald was cured at Knock. It seems there is a spout from the church where the rainwater is carried off, and he placed his leg under the spout so that the water could flow on it. His companion then put him up against a wall, as he could not stand without support or his two crutches, and he endured an awful agony of pain.
In some cases the miraculous cures are strangely like some of those recorded in the Gospels, for before some cures it would appear as if the foul spirit of evil tried his best to prevent the grace or to terrify the person. In these cases there is often fearful distortion of the whole body and
violence, but it has been found better not to hold or restrain the poor sufferers in any way. Sometimes they are perfectly conscious all through this paroxysm, which, nevertheless, they cannot control; therefore they are in no way accountable for any violence they may use; this generally terminates in a long swoon, from which the person recovers cured.

Fitzgerald’s swoon lasted for several hours, and when he fell in it, he was then quiet, and carried to bed. His cure after this was immediate and complete.
His parish priest had been for some time suffering from his eyes; in fact, for years he had been painfully near-sighted, and I never saw him without glasses till after his cure. He told me he had tried the water of Knock several times without effect. He felt his sight getting worse and worse; at last he could only see, even with glasses, by holding his book a few inches from his eyes. Fitzgerald came to him cured on the Feast of SS. Peter and Paul, and the priest was so amazed and rejoiced that he thought he would try the water again himself. He went upstairs, bathed his eyes, and at once, as he expressed it, everything round him seemed to get quite bright. His sight was now quite restored; and I saw him a few days ago without his glasses, and heard from his own Iips how many Masses of Thanksgiving he has said for his cure.

But I fear I have made this letter already too long, and I shall defer’ till next week an account of another remarkable cure, to the circumstances of which I can also testify from personal knowledge, and on the authority of the parish priest of Tuosist, where it took place.

I may take this opportunity of saying that I have fulfilled my promise to all kind friends who have helped me during this famine year, and have had Masses said for them all at Knock, and a pilgrimage made there by a priest for all their intentions.

Next week I will continue this subject, with your permission, as I have had the assurance of six different priests, all belonging to different parts of Ireland, that they have seen apparitions at Knock ; some of these are of far too sacred a character to be related in a newspaper ; but all these priests can scarcely have been the victims of ” optical delusion.” An ecclesiastical commission has been formed some time since, and is assisted by a medical man. I have published an account of Knock which can be had either from the convent here, or from Burns and Co., which gives full particulars.—Yours faithfully, Sister M. Francis Clare.
P.S.—As to trying to please or convince Protestants, I will give you in my next an account of the cure of a Protestant child, and of the refusual of a Protestant gentleman even to look at a person who
Had been cured.

617. Kate Geary, of Cork, was cured of lameness of long standing. She can walk now freely. For years she could not wear a boot, nor could she walk with it until she came here.
618. Mary Sullivan, parish of Prior, County Kerry, finds herself cured of pains in her head and heart which rendered her frequently unable to perform the duties of her station in life.
619. Mary Nolan, of Bagnalstown, county Carlow, could not put her left foot on the ground before she came here. She can now place it firmly on the ground and walk very well.
620. Brigid Kelly, of Garrykennedy, county Tipperary, finds her eyes very much improved, and her back improved.
621. Mrs. Scott, of Portadown, and her daughter Catherine, are very much improved in their sight. 622, Maurice Barron, of Mallow, county Cork, finds his sight very much improved.
623. Brigid Waters, of Wicklow, finds her head very much better, and free from the pains she suffered previously.
624. James Connor, of Lismore, is cured of an evil in the leg.
625, James Mullin, of Larkfield, Westmeath, has been cured of an evil in the neck.
626. Rev. William MacMahon, pastor of St. Brigid’s church, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S., America, got a very long letter from a clerical friend from Knock, stating that after suffering for years from lung disease and spitting of blood he was cured of his dangerous malady by his visit to that place.
627. Elizabeth Rooney, of Castleblayney, finds herself very much improved and nearly perfectly cured of a longstanding and painful disease.
628. James Crampsey, of Camary, county Donegal, is considerably cured of lameness.
629. Brigid Turkington, of Staleybridge, Lancashire, England, was suffering for years from internal disease, retching, and general debility, and was a long time under medical treatment without any benefit. She now finds herself free from pain, and has a great relish for food, where as before her coming to Knock she had a dislike to food, and when she took any kind of food she used to feel sick.

Irish Examiner 1841-current, Saturday, September 25, 1880
It is stated that three miracles took place on Thursday—one, a man who had been disabled from spine disease and crippled. He has left his truss suspended amongst the many other flung away signs of human infirmity that are to be seen there. Another, a woman from England; and a third, a prostrate cripple lady from America, who, on going aboard ship in New York was carried on a litter by four sailors. It is stated that she is walking about the church at Knock at present, a sign and proof of her own faith and the power and goodness of God, and to the praise and honour of his Blessed Mother.—Tuam News.

Nation 1842-1897, Saturday, November 13, 1880; Page: 5
More Cures at Knock.

We have received the following from Archdeacon Cavanagh :— 7 Lamas-square, Low Felling, October 24, 1880. To the Rev. Father Cavanagh. Very Rev. and Dear Sir—Excuse me for troubling you once more. I am happy to inform you I have resumed work. Some days I walk as far as twenty-three and twenty-four miles per day, and, thanks be to God, I can do so without the least trouble, I never have an ache or pain. This shows how great a gift I received at Knock, for when I went to it I was utterly helpless ; I could not even lace my own boots at times, I could not even put on my own clothes, but now I can do anything that I wish.

There is a lady at Knock named Mrs. Dawson, She lives about a quarter of a mile from me. She only left here a few days ago. Since I came home I distributed the blessed water and cement that I brought from Knock, and I am happy to say that in nearly all the cases relief has been received almost instantaneously, Subjoined are a few of the cases A Mrs. Casey had an affection of the breast. My parent gave her some of the holy water in which cement had been placed. By applying it once to her breast she was cured. She also suffered from an ulcer in the knee. It was a very severe one. By applying the holy water to it it was completely cured. There is another woman here who had sustained a very severe hurt in her eye. She told me she fell on the edge of a stone. Her eye was so bad that she was losing her sight; and many people said that the bone under was very much damaged. She rubbed the water and cement which I had given her to the wound, and it was completely cured, and the scars and marks were also removed. Her name is Mrs. Kearney. Wishing for your blessing, I remain your humble child in Christ,.
William John Holland.

Rosanna Stuart, of Garva, residing within twenty miles of Derry, was cured of lameness. Both feet were crooked and nearly powerless. She can walk now and go through the Stations without any help from her mother,
Mrs. Stuart was cured from violent pains and swelling in her head.
James O’Connor Dempsey was very sickly and unable to take any food, His feet were crooked. He was dying on the road to Knock. He is wonderfully improved.

Irish Examiner 1841-current, Saturday, July 16, 1881; Page: 5
The Rev. Archdeacon Kavanagh, P.P., of Knock, has forwarded to us two letters reporting cures of infirmities by cement from the walls of the church, and through the intercession of Our Lady. The following bears a signature which needs no introduction:— “Ayrfield, Bournemouth, June 26th. DEAR Archdeacon CAVANAGH—I do not know if you will remember being so kind as to send me, by Hiss Maly, a large piece of the cement which has often wrought wonderful effects, but I think you will be glad to hear of the cure vouchsafed to a poor woman in the town of Autun, in France. In the Convent of the Visitation in that town, I have a friend, Sister Maria Pio, an English religious, at whose request I sent her a piece of cement. A poor woman, the mother of a large family, had five years been suffering from a cancer, and had during all that time been obliged to come almost every day to the convent to have it dressed. She had been to Lourdes, without success. Sister Maria Pia made her drink water in which the cement was dissolved. She persevered in this for five months, and at the end of that time was perfectly cured. I was so happy to hear this, and felt I must tell you. May I ask your prayers for a blessing on a charity sale this week, on which depends a work for persons in reduced circumstances.—Believe me, Very Rev. Father, yours most truly. “Georgina Fullerton”

The other is from a lady in Eton, Windsor, Berks, who had suffered for nine years from the loss of the sight of one eye. Some time ago. Some time ago, she got some of the cement, which not only eased the pain but began to bring back the sight. This Lady, Miss Evans, is a convert.—
Liverpool Times.

Irish Examiner 1841-current, Saturday, August 20, 1881; Page: 5
“53 Grenfell St., Simm’s Cross, Widnes, Lancashire, England, June 12, 1881.
Very Rev. Father—It is now twelve months since I paid my first visit to the holy Church of Knock, sanctified as it has been by the presence of our Holy and Immaculate Mother Mary, St. Joseph, and St. John; and I think it a duty to inform you of the wonderful care I received by my visit to that holy shrine.
On the 20th of April, 1880, 1 left Widnes for Knock, in a very poor state of health. During the two previous years I had suffered from what my doctors called chronic bronchitis, or asthma; and in this period I was attended by as many as twelve medical men. I was in two hospitals, and , came out of the last one worse than when I entered it Finally, the doctors asserted that it was beyond their skill to effect my cure. I was wasting away, I could not sleep at night, and the Windows of my bedroom had to be kept open to give me air, I was fighting, as it were, for breath. My cough was growing worse, and I used to expectorate a great deal. But, thanks be to God and to His Immaculate Mother, to whose intercession: I owe it all, I have never suffered for even one day since I visited blessed Knock. My cough left me immediately, and in three weeks time I resumed my occupation, which I had relinquished at the beginning of my illness, and have not lost one day since through ill health, thank God, His Blessed Mother, St. Joseph, and St. John.

The people with whom I lodged while at Knock had to remain up with me the first night, I had become so ill. They thought I could not live; but I had good hopes that when I had made three visits to the shrine of Our Blessed Lady, I should be cured. When I had been at Knock four days, I made my third visit; and, to the wonder of all who saw it, I walked out of the church perfectly well.

“One of the doctors who had attended me, met me since my return; he was quite astonished, and admitted that there were most astonishing cures at Knock. Our priest, also, and the entire neighbourhood were surprised at my recovery.
When I came from Knock, I brought with me some of the holy cement, and I have seen wonderful cures wrought by its use. One poor man, who was ailing from rheumatism in the arm and leg, and who was so bad that he could not walk, or raise his arm to his head, begged of me a piece of the cement. I gave it to him; he dissolved it in water, and, bathing his leg and arm therewith, within three days he could walk as well as ever, and he is now able to resume his work.

” A woman who had sore eyes, and was nearly blind in consequence, asked me for a little of the holy cement I gave it to her. She dissolved it in water, and with the water she washed her eyes. They are now quite clear, and she can see as well as ever.

“Another lady who was afflicted with running sores, and who could get nothing to do her good, asked me for some of the cement. I gave it to her, and after dissolving it in water, bathed herself with, the latter, and in a week was quite well.

” A gentleman who had a lump on his face which caused him such great pain that he could not rest by day or by night, received from me, at his own request, some of the cement; and after washing his face and bathing his head a few times -with the water in which he had dissolved the cement, the lump disappeared, and the pain ceased.

” A young woman who had lumps in her throat, and, in consequence, could swallow no food, washed her throat with cement and water before going to bed. In the morning the lumps had disappeared, and she was as well as ever she was before. “Very Rev. Father, I can bear testimony to many other cures wrought through the intercession of Our Lady of Knock. All the above cures are in my own town. Should any person doubt the truth of my statement, I will give the names and addresses of the parties cured.
” I remain. Very Rev Father, your obedient Child,
“MICHAEL DODD.” “The Rev. Daniel E. Hudson, CSC, Notre Dame, Ind. —Ave Maria.

Irish Examiner 1841-current, Saturday, November 05, 1881; Page: 5

“REV SIR—When travelling in Ireland last year, I visited the church of Knock. Perhaps you will remember that I did myself the honour of calling and speaking with you in the sacristy. Before leaving I collected and brought away some of the cement from the gable end of the church. Since then I have been in the United States and Canada, and in these countries gave portions of the cement to different people, who very gratefully received it. A lady with whom I am acquainted, a year or two ago broke the cap of her knee. Last winter she again hurt the knee, and as a consequence suffered terribly. She wrote to me to know if I would forward your address which I did, together with a piece, of the cement. A week or two ago, she called on me and expressed her gratefulness to myself, and fervent thanks to God, for the relief from pain she had experienced through the applying of the cement. She left with me a pound to be forwarded to you as an offering for the altar of the Blessed Virgin at Knock, and I hereby, send you the money by potal order on Claremorris, may just add that I wrote a long letter in the Toronto Tribune on my visit to the now famous Shrine of Knock, and what I beheld there. Please drop me one line in acknowledgement of the receipt of said enclosed order.—Accept, Rev Sir, my veneration and respect.
Yours truly, Peter O’Leary,” 11, Ladd’s Court, Park-Street, Southwark.
“London, June 25th, 1881.”
“To the Rev Archdeacon Kavanagh.” Very Rev. and Dear father,—I feel much pleasure in detailing for you the wonderful change in my health since I paid my visit to Knock. For four years previously I was unable to move without the aid of crutch or stick. Of that time I spent eighteen months in hospital. I got a slight hurt at Gaerion, four miles from Liverpool. I went into Mill Road hospital for thirteen months, and for eleven months of that time I was unable to turn in my bed. I was transferred from that hospital to Walton on the Hill Union Hospital, and at that time I had to be carried in a chair to the buss between two men. I remained four months there with two crutches, and then I visited the holy shrine of Knock. I could not walk without a crutch and stick, and my leg was very much contracted in the knee joint; but now, thanks be to God and His Blessed Mother, I am able to walk without either crutch or stick. Thanking you, dear rev Father, for your kindness to me during my visit to Knock” I remain, rev Father, ” Yours most sincerely, ” PAUL M’KENZIE. “Belfast, Sept 19th, 1881.”

Leinster Leader 1881-1929, Saturday, November 26, 1881; Page: 6
The Nun of Kenmare visited the Church of Knock upon Sunday. For the last four years she has been unable to kneel down for a single instant, and she had been for nine years unable to make the least physical exertion. She was at once cured of the long-standing malady when she knelt before the place where the Blessed Mother appeared, and she says that since her visit to Knock, she feels no fatigue, no matter what labour she has to endure. She hopes shortly to publish an account of her visit, which has confirmed her in her hope that the Mother of God has visited Ireland. She is now staying at the Presentation Convent, Tuam.

Connacht Tribune 1909-current, Saturday, September 11, 1909; Page: 7
The following appeared in the advertising columns of the Dublin “Evening Telegraph “:— Acknowledgment—Mrs. M. Bainbridge, 54 South Richmond street, Portobella, Dublin, desires to acknowledge her recovery at Knock, Co. Mayo. She had completely lost the drum of one ear: for years the ear was running, and she was all that time suffering and a complete invalid. Was given over by all doctors and specialists. Went to Knock on the Feast of St. Anne, the Blessed Virgin’s mother; visited Knock again on the 15th August, the Blessed Virgins Feast Day; and was cared on the Feast of St. Zachary, the Blessed Virgin’s father.”

Irish Independent 1905-current, Friday, October 24, 1919; Page: 5
An interesting story is told by Mrs. M’Carthy, Co. Limerick, who, as briefly announced a few days ago suddenly recovered the use of a crippled limb during a pilgrimage to the Knock Shrine, Co. Mayo, on Friday. She was receiving the congratulations of her friends at her home yesterday when a special representatine of the “Irish Independent ” called to see her. The family is of the farming class, and is typical of the devout, hospitable and industrious people of the locality. Her remarkable narrative was fully borne out by her husband and son, who accompanied her on the pilgrimage. In July, 1913,she said her left hip became painful, and gradually grew worse and she could only limp about with the aid of a stick. In July 1915 her left leg became altogether lifeless, and Dr. O’Shaughnessy said it was a case of chronic rheumatism. He prescribed blisters, but they gave no relief In July 1916 she was so helpless that she had to use a crutch and a stick, and could only hop about painfully with these. She was unable to kneel or place any weight upon her leg. Dr. O’Shaughnessy again prescribed blisters and said that her left leg had become 4 inches shorter than the other. The treatment gave her no relief.
“The doctor” Mr. Jeremiah M’Carthy her husband, here interjected, “told me that it was incurable, but I never told you until now fearing it would dishearten you”
Mrs. M’Carthy added that she always said she would be cured if it were the Will of God, and the very morning she was leaving the house for Knock she said-“ Here goes in the name of God. I don’t want to ask for anything but his will be done”
“ I left here on Tuesday (October 10th), my husband and son with me to help me into cars and trains as I could only limp a few yards at a time on the crutch and stick. We reached Knock on Wednesday about 3,p.m. and visited the Shrine that evening. I had to take several rests on my way from our lodgings to the Church, although it was only 150 yards away. The three of us made the rounds. We went to Confession and received Holy Communion on Thursday, and on Thursday during the day and evening made three rounds but felt no better that night.

“At daybreak on Friday I got up though I felt weaker than ever since my ailment began.
But I determined to go to the Shrine, and went there alone, hobbling on my crutches and with many rests on the way.
” The clerk, waiting to ring the morning Angelus was the only other person inside the church when I got there.
“I made my rounds outside the church, and after the third ‘round ‘ I stood leaning on my crutches (I could not kneel for three years past), praying at the Shrine of Our Blessed Lady for perhaps 5 minutes. My husband and son had come there in the meantime, and were just then kneeling at the Shrine beginning their ‘round’. Then as I was turning round to go into the church feeling depressed and almost despairing of being cured- because I expected to be cured the first day- the moment I moved towards the wall of the church I felt as if I were getting too tall to lean on the crutch and stick—it seemed as if I could move without their support. “thought I was being lifted off the crutch and stick. Then I found that I could lean on my left leg, that the lifeless, numb feeling had gone, and that that leg could bear my weight without pain or discomfort.
“I tried to walk a few steps to make certain I could do so, and did walk after leaving my crutch and stick there on the ground. I walked on into the church and up to the altar rails, and walked firmly, except, of course, for the limp owing to the limb being shorter. I was alone in the church, and I prayed out loud: I am cured—Jesus, I thank You!’ several times.
“I turned and walked to the church door and called to my husband and son, and repented the prayer of thanks again.
” I did not feel frightened or weak, but felt and found I was suddenly cured, and could not and did not want to restrain my loud prayer.
“Then I went, round the church outside, back inside again, and completed my ’round’ at the Stations of the Cross, kneeling and walking without any trace of uneasiness or discomfort, and again went out to Our Lady’s Shrine and prayed a while.
“I walked to our lodgings unsupported by crutch or stick, and without help from anyone, and have been walking about since. My crutch and stick are now near the shrine at Knock, where I left them on Friday last.” (See paper for son’s version, confirming her statement)

Anglo-Celt 1846-current, Saturday, November 01, 1919; Page: 7
From further information to hand in connection with the recent miraculous cure at Knock Shrine, Co. Mayo, it appears that Mrs. McCarthy, Co. Limerick, was treated since 1913 for disease of the leg, which became four inches short and perfectly lifeless in 1915 when Dr. O’Shaughnessy pronounced her incurable. Since then she used a crutch and a stick. She, with her husband and son, prayed to the Blessed Virgin for her recovery, and visited the shrine, Mrs. M’Carthy firmly believing she would be cured. While making the “rounds,” after Confession and Holy Communion on Wednesday week she “suddenly felt as if she were getting too tall to lean on the crutch and stick—she seemed as if she could move without them. She thought as if she were being lifted off them. Then she found that she could lean on her left leg, that the lifeless, numb feeling had gone, and that the leg, (more in the paper).

Connacht Tribune 1909-current, Saturday, August 21, 1920; Page: 8
The pilgrimage to Knock, Co. Mayo, on Sunday, August 15, was largely attended, despite the dislocation of the train service. Volunteers kept order throughout the day and regulated the traffic. A fairly large sum was contributed towards the renovation of the Shrine. A lady who was lame was miraculously cured before she reached Knock, and the crutches were left at the Shrine.

Irish Independent 1905-current, Friday, July 24, 1925; Page: 6
Reported Cure at Knock.
Mrs. Mary Horan, Glanatavrane, Kilkenny, is reported to have recovered the use of her arm as a result of a cure at the Church of Our Lady at Knock. Nine years ago Mrs. Horan had her right arm fractured in a fall, and since then it had been, practically useless. She was persuaded to make a pilgrimage to the shrine, and when attempting to collect some of the moss adhering to a pailing suddenly felt a sharp pain in the arm and shoulder, and, to her astonishment, found the full use of the arm return.

Irish Independent 1905-current, Friday, August 16, 1929; Page: 6
The Pilgrimage to Knock after 50 years.
Few there are living now who remember the stir caused fifty years ago by reports that spread- far and wide concerning Knock. Knock was before this a remote village of Co. Mayo, six miles from the town of Ballyhaunis on the one side, and four from Claremorris on the other, the nearest two railway stations. As if by magic it became, the most talked-of spot in Ireland. The number of pilgrims grew from hundreds to thousands. This was fifty years ago. Since then multitudes have come and gone, and the name of Knock, identified with the apparition “of Our Lady accompanied by St. Joseph and St, John, has spread over Christendom.
The Reported Apparitions:
As a large pilgrimage is visiting Knock on Sunday next, it-maybe of interest to give a condensed epitome of the miraculous manifestations. The Church has pronounced no judgment on the manifestations, so that it remains optional with all of us to believe or not what is alleged to have been seen or written relative thereto. Towards the end of the year 1879 interest had grown to fever pitch over news from Knock. Our Lady, with St. Joseph on one side and St. John the Evangelist on the other, and also an altar with the Lamb, was seen on the gable of the church amid countless shining stars and surrounded by a halo of brilliant light.
Official Investigation:
An investigation was ordered, by the Archbishop of Tuam, in whose diocese Knock is situate. Evidence was taken before Canon Ulick Bourke, P.P., Claremorris (the distinguished Gaelic scholar); Archdeacon Cavanagh, P.P., Knock; and Canon Waldron, P.P., Ballyhaunis. Many witnesses were examined, and deposed to having seen the apparition. There was no important discrepancy between their testimonies. The first apparition is recorded as having taken place on 21st August, 1870. Later apparitions are recorded on 5th January, 10th February, 25th March, and 26th March, 1880.

Archdeacon’s Testimony.
Archdeacon Cavanagh testified that whilst he himself did, not see Our Lady, St. Joseph and St. John, he did see a bright star pass across the gable; which was ablaze with dazzling light. Numberless cures are attributed to Our Lady at Knock, and up to recent years multitudes of crutches, splints, slicks and other emblems of disablement wore to be seen on the gable where the apparition took place. These have now been removed, and there is a beautiful statue of Our Lady within the railing, beside which lies the body of the late Parish. Priest, Father Corcoran.
A beautiful Calvary has been erected by the present parish priest, Father Tuffy, who has , greatly beautified the church and grounds. In the church is a very artistic painting of the apparition as depicted by those favoured ones who saw it presented, I have been informed, by a bishop who attributed his cure to Our Lady, which he sought at Knock.
Devoted Worshippers.
A visit to Knock on the eve of the Assumption is something that can never be forgotten. The enormous crowds of worshippers fill the church, and all through the night, a continuous stream of pilgrims recite the Rosary as they walk reverently, round the walls outside. This lasts till the Masses commence. Most of those who gave testimony to the apparition fifty years ago are gone to rest, but the fame of it has spread, which, to me, is a refutation of the incredulity of very many. We live in a strange age, an age absorbed in materialism, of a gross type, together with a belief in spiritualistic absurdities that would-overtax the credulity of a child.
I wonder what the aggressive materialist thinks when confronted to-day with Teresa Neumann, the stigmatic Bavarian twenty-six-year-old girl whose extraordinary manifestations have baffled the scientific world? Dr. Ludwig Kannamueller, the distinguished Professor, declares she has had no food, and nothing passed her lips except a few spoonful’s of water for over two years. The Professor states this would not be sufficient to sustain life.Is it the Sacred Host, which she receives almost daily, that sustains her? C. AUSTIN.

Connaught Telegraph 1830-current, Saturday, August 24, 1929; Page: 7
Few there are living now who remember the stir caused fifty years ago by reports that spread far and wide concerning Knock. Knock was before this a remote village of Co. Mayo, six miles from the town of Ballyhaunis on the one side, and four from Claremorris on the other, the nearest two railway stations.
As if by magic it became the most talked of spot in Ireland. The number of pilgrims grew from hundreds to thousands. This was fifty years ago. Since then multitudes have come and gone, and the name of Knock, identified with the apparition of Our Lady accompanied by St. Joseph and St. John, has spread over Christendom.
It may be of interest to give a condensed epitome of the miraculous manifestations. The Church has pronounced no judgment on the manifestations, so that it remains optional with all of us to believe or not what is alleged to have been seen or written relative thereto.
Towards the end of 1879 interest had grown to fever pitch over news from Knock. Our Lady, with St. Joseph on one side and St. John the Evangelist on the other, and also an, altar with the Lamb, was seen on the gable of the church amid countless shining stars and surrounded by a halo of brilliant light. (See paper for long report and pilgrimage from Dublin)

Irish Examiner 1841-current, Thursday, August 21, 1930; Page: 4
The Remarkable Apparitions At Knock. MEMORY OF FIFTY YEARS AGO.
Few there are living now who remember the stir caused fifty years ago by reports that spread far and wide concerning Knock. Knock was before this a remote village of County Mayo, six miles from the town of Ballyhaunis in the one side, and four from Claremorris on the other, the nearest two railway stations. As if by magic it became the most talked of spot in Ireland. The number of pilgrims grew from hundreds to thousands. This was fifty years ago. Since then multitudes have come and gone , and the name of Knock, identified with the apparition of Our Lady, accompanied by St. Joseph and St. John, has spread over Christendom. The Church has pronounced no judgment on the manifestations at Knock, so that it remains optional with all of us to believe or not what is alleged to have been seen or written relative thereto. Towards the end of the year 1879 interest had grown to fever pitch over news from Knock. Our Lady with St. Joseph on one side and St. John the Evangelist on the other, and also an altar with the Lamb, was seen on the gable of the church amid countless shining stars and surrounded by a halo of brilliant light. An investigation was ordered by the Archbishop of Tuam, in whose diocese Knock is situate. Evidence was taken before Canon Ulick Bourke, P.P., Claremorris (the distinguished Gaelic scholar); Archdeacon Cavanagh, P.P., Knock, and Canon Waldron, P.P., Ballyhaunis. Many witnesses were examined, and deposed to having seen the apparition. There was no important discrepancy between their testimonies. The first apparition is recorded as having taken place on August 21, 1879. Later apparitions are recorded on January 5, February 10, March 25, and March 26, 1880.
NUMBERLESS CURES. Archdeacon Cavanagh testified that whilst he himself did not see Our Lady, St. Joseph and St. John, he did see a bright star pass across the gable, which was ablaze with dazzling light. Numberless cures are attributed to Our Lady at Knock, and up to recent years multitudes of crutches, splints, sticks and other emblems of disablement were to be seen, on the gable where the apparition took place. These have now been removed, and there is a beautiful statue of Our Lady within the railing, beside which lies the body of the late parish priest, Father Corcoran.

A, beautiful Calvary has been erected by the present parish priest, Father Tuffy, who has greatly beautified the church and grounds.
In the church is a very artistic painting of the apparition as depicted by those favoured ones who saw it, presented by a Bishop who attributed his cure to Our Lady, which he sought at Knock.

A visit to Knock on the eve of the Assumption is something that can never be forgotten. The enormous crowds of worshippers fill the church, and all through the night a continuous stream of pilgrims recite the Rosary as they walk reverently round the walls outside. This lasts till the Masses commence
Most of those who gave testimony to the apparition 50 years ago are gone to rest, but the fame of it has spread, which is a refutation of the incredulity of very many. We live in a strange age, an age absorbed in materialism of a gross type, together with a belief in spiritualistic absurdities that would overtax the incredulity of a child.

One wonders what the aggressive materialist thinks when confronted to-day with Teresa Neumann the stigmatic Bavarian 26-year-old girl, whose extraordinary manifestations have baffled the scientific world? Dr. Ludwig Kunnamueller, the distinguished professor, declares she has had no food ,and nothing passed her lips except a few spoonfuls of water for over two years. The professor states this would not be sufficient to sustain life. Is it the Sacred Host, which she receives almost daily, that sustains her?

Irish Press 1931-1995, Wednesday, August 30, 1933; Section: Front page, Page: 1
IRISH PRESS Correspondent.) CLAREMORRIS, Tuesday.
ANOTHER cure is reported to have taken place in the little church of Knock, Mayo, last Sunday. It is stated that while Miss W. Rafferty, Castlerea, who was suffering from spinal disease, was performing the Stations of the Cross, she felt somewhat tired and rested near the Shrine of Our Lady. On arising to continue her devotions, she had walked a few paces when her sister Kate, who helped her around, suddenly said: “Where is your stick? ”
SISTER’S QUESTION. It was only then, according to the report, that Miss Rafferty realised that she was walking without the aid of her stick. She immediately fell on her knees, returning thanks to Our Lady of Knock. Shortly after she presented herself to Rev. Father Grealy, P.P., who questioned her on her ailment. He told her to return to her home, and in the meantime to visit Dr. McGuinness, Dublin, who had been treating her for some time. ” I told her,” said Fr. Grealy to our representative, ” to come back to me in a week’s time.” Miss Rafferty, who is about 40 years of age, has been suffering from spinal disease for the past 14 years, and every year saw her a pilgrim at Knock.

Connaught Telegraph 1830-current, Saturday, August 25, 1934; Page: 8

(From, our Reporter.) The annual pilgrimage to Knock, County Mayo, commenced on Wednesday the 15th of August. The number of pilgrims who participated far exceeded any previous year. A remarkable cure took place when the two and a half year old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. Convey, Carnaculi, Swinford, who was a dumb mute, obtained the power of speech.” It occurred just as the altar bells announced the Consecration during Mass, when the little girl was heard to shout out “Daddy!” several times. A lady who happened to be near the child told our representative that the child emitted a shrill scream and then called her daddy. This was the girl’s parents third visit to Knock, and on this occasion their prayers were answered beyond their wildest hopes. When they fully realised what had happened they flung themselves on their knees, with tears of joy and gratitude, and offered thanks to the Giver of all things. They later reported the cure to the clergy. Another remarkable cure was alleged to have taken place on Wednesday also, (but the most minute inquiries failed to elicit any particulars though many admitted they had heard of it but failed to give verification for it. (Amongst the many visitors of note were : Right Rev. Dr. Patten, Professor of Script, University College, Liverpool (a native of Westport) ; Rev. Fr. Grogan, of the English Mission (a native of Bekan). On Tuesday night thousands of pilgrims walked long distances to the Shrine of Mary. In the early hours of Wednesday morning the little church was packed for the Divine Services which commenced at 6 a.m. and concluded at 11.30 a.m. About 2,000 people received Holy Communion and throughout the day performed Stations inside and outside the church. The officiating clergy included – Very Rev. M. J. Canon McHugh, P.P., V.F., Claremorris ; Rev. Fr. Moran, C.C., do. ; Rev. Fr. Ruane, C.C., Ballyhaunis, Rev. Fr. Flynn, C.C., do. ; Rev. Fr . Jennings, Professor, St. Jarlath’s College, Tuam.

Roughly about 11,000 people partook in the pilgrimage on Sunday, and from an early hour in the morning a ceaseless chain of humanity commenced to flow into the little village. Two special trains from Dublin, under the auspices of St. Michan’s Conference, disgorged l,000 pilgrims at Ballyhaunis, including the Artane Industrial School band. They expressed great satisfaction at the travelling accommodation afforded them, which, they said, exceeded any other year. There were members of the 21st, 33rd, and l9th . Troops of Catholic Boy Scouts from Dublin, under M T. O’Connell and Mr. Egan, and the 4th Mayo Troop, under Messrs. Connor and Flynn, present.

Scenes reminiscent of Lourdes were witnessed at 3 p.m. when the Office of the Blessed Virgin was recited in the church grounds, after which a bugle call was sounded and a procession was formed in the following order : Cross-Bearers and Acolytes; Confraternities; Children of Mary; statute of Blessed Virgin; clergy; men; Artane band; women. The procession proceeded along the Claremorris Road for about a quarter of a mile and then returned to the Church grounds, where Rosary was recited by Rev. Canon John Greally, P.P., at an alter erected near the scene of the Apparition. After Rosary an edifying sermon on the Feast of the Assumption was delivered by Fr. Hanrahan, Westport. Benediction followed and the ceremonies concluded with the singing ” of the hymn “God Bless the Pope.”

Connacht Tribune 1909-current, Saturday, March 02, 1935; Page: 5
IN CO. MAYO Remarkable Knock Cure.
A remarkable cure, through the intercession of Our Lady of Knock, is reported in Castlebar. A middle-aged lady (Miss Faulkner), who has been suffering from failing eyesight for close on two years has been completely cured as a result of bathing her eyes in holy water from Knock. She suffered great pain in addition to film spreading over the eyes and for some Sundays preciously was unable to go to Mass. She tried every treatment possible with no results. She was advised by a prominent member of the Legion of Mary, who gave her holy water from Knock, to bathe her eyes with it and place her case in the hands of Our Lady of Knock and to publish the result if successful. Miss Faulkner did so, and after one day she was able to announce a complete cure. She now states that her sight is as good as ever it was and she is enthusiastic in her thanks and gratitude to Our Lady of Knock.

Strabane Chronicle 1908-current, Saturday, August 24, 1935; Page: 5
The reported cure of Miss Foley (14), of Dromahair, has been referred to the Medical Burau at Knock (Co. Mayo), for investigation. It is the first reported cure since the Medical Bureau was opened. The patient, who had been under treatment in Cappagh Hospital, with the aid of crutches visited the Knock Shrine, accompanied by her mother, on Sunday. It is reported that she was able to leave her crutches behind her when she was returning. The patient has returned to Cappagh Hospital for examination, and a report will be sent from there to the Medical Bureau at Knock. The Sisters in charge of the hostel and Very Rev. Canon Grealy, P.P., and Rev. D. Corcoran. C.C., Knock, confirmed the above details.